THE impact OF EXAMINATION MISCONDUCT
THE IMPACT OF EXAMINATION MISCONDUCT
This study looks at the impact of examination misconduct in secondary schools in Edo State's Egor Local Government Area. Exams are well-known to perform critical roles in our educational system. It is used in schools for academic stratification or to provide grades to students.
Examination malpractices are defined as any misbehaviour or incorrect practise in any examination with the goal of gaining good results through deception. Five schools were chosen for this study, and twenty copies of questionnaires were delivered.
The studies demonstrated that examination misconduct lowers educational standards and leads to unemployment in the labour market. It is also suggested that the government provide adequate facilities for schools and that instructors be incentivized to perform well.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Education is the growth of an individual through training and the transfer of what is valuable to the point where he is able to adapt into his environment and contribute to the well-being of society to the best of his abilities. In Nigeria, our educational system grades pupils through internal and external examinations.
Exams, on the other hand, are well-known to serve critical functions in our educational system. They are used in secondary schools and other institutes of learning for academic stratification or to assign grades to students. A student who receives a distinction throughout the certificate examination will be viewed as academically valuable by people around him.
He is also more likely to be accepted into a higher education institution or a career position within society than a child with a pass or a failure. All of these factors have combined to influence a student's reaction to examination misconduct.
Examination malpractice, according to Olayinka (1993), is any misbehaviour or incorrect practise in any examination with the goal of gaining good results through fraudulent action.
Examination malpractice is defined by Daramola and Oluyeba (1992) as irregular behaviour displayed by candidates or anybody charged with the conduct of examinations in or outside the examination hall before, during, or after such examinations. Shonekan (1996) defines it as irregularities that are premeditated and sustained by candidates or their agents in order to gain unfair advantages in the examination.
Examination malpractices appear to have been an issue in Nigeria since the establishment of the formal education system (Afigbo, 1993). The first significant case of test malpractice occurred in 1914, when the senior Cambridge local examination was leaked.
This scenario saw an unprecedented boost in 1963, when two public examinations from 1967, 1977, 1981, and 1987 were leaked. These leaks drew the attention of the federal government, which resulted in the creation of Decree 27 of 1973 and miscellaneous decree 20 of 1984 to curb examination malpractices, and a later decree prescribed a 21-year prison sentence for violators.
These and other measures still do not discourage persons from engaging in exam misconduct. In the 1991 WAEC examination, 30, 982 students participated, while 35,479 students were reported in 1992. As a result, the number of offenders and related offences resulting in result cancellation is rather depressing.
Investigations undertaken by the national accord on Tuesday June, 1998 revealed how teachers assist students in engaging in examination misconduct by instructing them prior to the examination and revising wrong answers after the examination.
According to the research, the schools involved are using this tendency to boost their place in the performance tables, which have become a major signal for parents when choosing a school for their children. Examination misconduct renders examination certificates untrustworthy.
In their efforts to combat examination misconduct, examining boards eventually lose manpower. Examination malpractices have a negative impact on the educational system, so it became important to critically evaluate them. When does examination malpractice occur, and what effect does it have on pupils and education standards?
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The purpose of this research is to identify the issues that are impeding the smooth conduct of West African Examination Council (WAEC) and National Examination Council (NECO) examinations in senior secondary schools in Egor Local Government Area, Edo State.
The emphasis is on these two examinations, and candidates for these examinations frequently seek for success by all means possible. During these National Examinations, candidates and their agents engage in different irregularities such as question paper leaks, impersonation, copying, and cheating, as well as other forms of examination malpractice.
These practises were frequently deliberately planned and carried out by pupils in partnership with teachers, parents, and examination administrators, to the point where they were canker-warm in the body of the Nigeria Education System. These tend to cast doubt on the authenticity, dependability, and validity of the certificates issued by these National Examination bodies.
1.3PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The following are the objectives of this research:
1. To investigate the notion of exam misconduct in secondary schools.
2. The causes of secondary school examination malpractice.
3. To investigate the impact of examination malpractice in secondary school and society as a whole.
4. To propose remedies to the identified difficulties.
1.4 RESEARCHER QUESTIONS
The research questions listed below provide context for this study.
1. What are the root reasons of exam misconduct in Egor Local Government Area?
2. What techniques do students in Egor Local Government Area use to cheat in exams?
3. Who are the exam malpractice collaborators in Egor Local Government Area?
4. What are the consequences of exam misconduct in Egor Local Government Area?
5. How may examination malpractice in Egor Local Government Area be reduced or eliminated?
1.5SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This research would hopefully be valuable to students, teachers, parents, examination organisations, and educational planners in Nigeria, particularly in the Egor Local Government Area of Edo State. The study will help our educational planners provide superior instruction.
It will detect the causes and strategies by which students cheat during exams. It will halt the cancellation of the result. It will aid examination bodies in combating all sorts of examination malpractice, restoring public trust, acceptance, and legitimacy of certificates issued.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
Examination misconduct is a prevalent issue in the majority of Nigerian educational institutions. This study, however, would be conducted at selected secondary schools in Edo State's Egor Local Government Area. The sample will be drawn at random from five secondary schools.