THE CONTRIBUTION OF HUMAN AND MATERIAL RESOURCES ON QUALITY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
1.1 Background to the Study
The development of human and material resources have been the focus of concern, of recent, towards the development of a nation. This is due to the fact that the growth of tangible capital stock of a nation depends to a considerable degree on human capital development. Without adequate investment in developing the human and material resources of the education sector, the possibility of the growth of any nation might be hampered.
Education is the vital instrument for social and economic mobility at the personal level and an instrument for transformation of society at the National level. Basic education which is the focus of this study is the first level of education.
Apart from the home being the first agent of socialization, the basic education school is the first place that introduces formal education or literacy to the child. In other words, basic education school is the foundation upon which all other levels of education are built.
The Universal Basic Education (UBE) program which came into existence in September 1989 was expected to provide free and compulsory education from primary to Junior Secondary levels. However, researches (Okpala 2006, Zwalchir 2008, Maduewesi 2005, Ibukun 2009) have shown that the lack of adequate human and material resources are the two critical problems that could hinder the successful implementation of UBE. Like every other enterprise, the success of UBE depends solely on the provision of adequate human and material resources.
Ayodeji (2004) lamented that the demand of education is growing higher everyday but the available resources are not keeping pace in terms of the development. In support of this UNESCO’s Education for all (EFA) Global Monitoring Report (2005) provides a detailed analysis of factors influencing the quality of education in several regions of the world, which it says could prevent many countries from achieving EFA goals by 2015.
The Nigerian education objectives according to National Policy of Education (NPE) (2004) are as follows, that goals shall be pursued through: teaching, research and development, virile staff development programs, general and dissemination of knowledge, a variety of modes of programs including fulltime, part-time, block-release, day-release,
etc., access to training funds such as those provided by the industrial training fund (ITF), students industrial work experience scheme (SIWES), maintenance of minimum educational standards through appropriate agencies, inter-institutional co-operation, dedicated services to the community through extract-mural and extension services.
In order for these objectives to be successfully actualized, there are some fundamental needs that must be adequately provided. These basic needs include the resources of both human and materials.
The schools functions of teaching, learning, research and public service are often pursued with a view of satisfying these goals of manpower development for the society, skill development for its individuals and product of cultivated individual with survival value orientation as well as an objective view of society.
There is more pressure on the socio-economic development of a developing nation like Nigeria. However, for her to actualize these goals of skilled graduates, adequate human and infrastructural facilities need to be put in place. Undoubtedly the importance of a skilled graduate cannot be over-emphasized in the life of a nation trying to meet the development standards of the world.
Do You Have New or Fresh Topic? Send Us Your Topic
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The education quality in Nigeria is not like it used to be, even with the technology advancement being improved every day, the Nigeria education policy and objective is to have a skilled graduates that can compete with other graduates in the world, but otherwise is the case, Nigerians are now even sending their children to Ghana for higher education when we have over hundred higher institutions in Nigeria and a GDP that can manage over 20million students at once.
Even with the money been injected in the education sector, there is still mass failure and mass unemployment in Nigeria which however impede the education objective of quality education and skilled graduates, so many scholars have attributed this situation to many factors, including lack of students’ preparation, low salary and motivation of teachers, and lack of parents support.
However, few have dwelled on importance of human and material resources in teaching and learning, therefore this research intends to find out the contribution of human and material resources on quality education in Nigeria.
1.3 Objectives of the Study
The main objectives of this study is to find out the contribution of human and material resources on quality education in Nigeria, specifically the study intends to:
1. Find out the availability of human resources for the teaching and learning in secondary schools.
2. Find out the availability of material resources in the teaching and learning in secondary schools.
3. Find out if there is adequacy of available human and material resources using the minimum standard requirement of secondary school teaching and learning
4. Find out the effect of human and material resources on quality education in Nigeria
1.4 Research Questions
1. Is there availability of human resources for the teaching and learning in secondary schools?
2. Is there availability of material resources in the teaching and learning in secondary schools?
3. Is there adequacy of available human and material resources using the minimum standard requirement of secondary s
INSTRUCTIONS AFTER PAYMENT
- 1.Your Full name
- 2. Your Active Email Address
- 3. Your Phone Number
- 4. Amount Paid
- 5. Project Topic
- 6. Location you made payment from