EXAMINATION malpractice IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS
EXAMINATION MALPRACTICE IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS
The purpose of this research is to determine the causes and effects of examination malpractice in secondary schools, using a case study of some selected secondary schools in Ughelli North Local Government Area. One hundred students were utilised in this investigation.
The instrument used to collect data from them consists of a questionnaire and records of pupils who have been expelled or warned in class. The data generated were analysed using straightforward percentages. The following are the findings and recommendations of the study. More instructors should be hired so that, during examinations, there are more invigilators in the exam rooms and hall.
Teachers should instruct students in reading skills so that they can develop healthy reading habits. The administration should strive to construct additional vast halls. The course system should be implemented in secondary education. The educational system should be reorganised to facilitate a seamless transition. Owners of paper credentials should now be accorded less significance.
1.1 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY
There is evidence in the literature that examinations are among the most contentious issues in education today due to the nature of their contentiousness, which attracts a large number of critics. Some of these detractors believe that less emphasis should be placed on examinations, whereas others advocate for subject comprehension over examinations.
Also, examinations play a significant function in our educational system. According to Ojerinde and Oyechere (1996), an examination is a formal test of a person's knowledge, skills, or aptitude in a specific subject, typically through oral or written queries or practical exercise.
According to Liman (1996), examination is a method for assessing the knowledge and skills of students. According to Ahmed (1996), examination fraud is any act of wrongdoing or negligence that violates the rules and regulations of permissible practise prior to, during, or after an examination. In all nations of the world, examinations, which are in reality and frequently in name also competitions, are designed to eradicate the majority of candidates and assign the remainder to specific vacancies.
The most essential examination quality is used to determine whether students or groups of students pass or fail. This is essential because, according to Ahmed's interpretation of history, pitting students against one another in trial and competition has always been a reliable method of fostering their zeal.
Students who are aware that failing an examination that will determine their advancement or promotion will endeavour to pass. Examination is also used academically to assign grades to secondary education students; students are placed in divisions one, two, and three or awarded distinction credit based on the results of an examination. Examining pupils stratifies them into first, second (Upper and Lower), and third class degrees at universities.
These grades are a measure of success and prestige; students with a division one pass on the school certificate examination will be regarded as academically valuable and will have an easier time gaining admission to institutions of higher education or finding employment in society than those with a division three pass. All of these factors influence a student's attitude towards an examination, which always culminates in a desire for success in any given examination, regardless of whether or not he prepared for it.
Examinations are also used for additional purposes. According to Senekan (1996), examination irregularities are those that are deliberate and perpetrated by candidates or their agents in order to obtain an unfair advantage in the examination. They are intended for licencing purposes.
According to Senekan, one example is the drilling test, in which no one wishes to impose a limit on the number of travels on the road or set motorists against a small predetermined quantity of superior performance. The authorities have every intention of ensuring that taxi drivers possess at least a minimum level of proficiency.
All licencing examinations are a means of weeding out the unfit in order to make our roads safer for everyone. Results are not determined by an absolute standard and performance, but rather by the level of competition and the final classification. Civil Servant Due to the number of positions to be filled in the school system of delta state, students must fall into a series of educational need, hence the necessity of this activity.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
A large number of individuals have been discussing the declining education standard across the nation today. People believe that the declining quality of education can be traced to examination fraud, so the purpose of this study is to determine the causes and effects of this menace, particularly in the Ughelli North Local Government Area of Delta state.
1.3 PURPOSE OF STUDY
The purpose of this study is to determine the causes of examination malpractice in secondary schools, particularly secondary schools in the Ughelli North Local Government Area of Delta State, the various methods employed by students, and the roles played by teachers, parents, secondary school administrators, and the general public.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
What are the consequences of cheating on an examination?
Why do students participate in exam cheating?
How do students cheat on exams?
What contributions do instructors make to examination encouragement?
5. Does an unfavourable learning environment motivate students to cheat on examinations?
In this investigation, the following hypotheses were formulated:
There are no significant consequences for pupils who commit examination fraud compared to those who do not.
The contribution of teachers to the main problem of examination fraud is insignificant.
The lack of a conducive learning environment does not lead or propel students to engage in exam fraud.
Inadequate provision of instructional materials does not drive students to engage in exam cheating.
1.6 SCOPE OF DELIMITATION
The researcher focused on Delta State's Ughelli North Local Government Area. These are the school's names;
1. Orogun Grammar School Orogun
The Anglican Girls' Grammar School, Ughelli
The Government College of Ughelli
The Otor-vwodo Grammar School in Ughelli
5. Ojowe Secondary Schol Oregun Ojowe
Standard International School, Ughelli, number six.
1.7 IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY
It is crucial to note that, upon completion of this research, numerous secondary schools, communities, towns, the state, and Nigeria in general will find the results of this research to be extremely beneficial, and that this research will play a crucial role in the task of promoting economic growth and development.
The outcome of this research will also provide ample opportunity for parents to understand the role they must perform to prevent their children from engaging in examination fraud.