Project Materials


The significance of conserving natural resources

The significance of conserving natural resources

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The significance of conserving natural resources


This initiative aims to determine the significance of natural resource conservation in selected Edo, Ovia South West Local Government Area villages. In this study, a case study research design was employed to collect data on the conservation of natural resources by the people in six areas of Ovia South West Local Government Area, including Udo secondary school, Udo ward, College of Agriculture Iguoriakhi, Iguobazuwa Village, Iguelaho Village, and Udo Village, among others. Surveys and interviews were used to collect data, and percentages were used to analyse it.

From the research conducted, the utility and significance of conserving natural resources, as well as how conserving natural resources assures a continuous supply of minerals for energy and foreign exchange, are evident.

The benefits of conserving natural resources include the provision of income and basic materials for industries, such as timber, and the preservation of endangered plant and animal species. If males are environmentally conscious, they will have a healthy existence on the surface of this planet.




The study’s context

Description of the issue

The goal of the research

The significance of the research

Questions for investigation

The study’s scope

Study limitations

Term definitions


Examine the relevant literature


Study methodology and technique

Participants in the study

The research sample

Sampling method


Instrument verification

Data collecting method

Data analysis method


Data presentation and discussion of findings










Natural resources include the entire natural environment of the Earth. A resource is defined as everything that meets or satisfies a human need or desire for civilization. Early communities utilised wood to tax the breadth of the earth’s resources, turning to a new one to fill their needs when the old one was depleted.

Renewable resources include fossil fuels, minerals, and so on. Over time, man has increasingly relied on natural resources to provide him with food, materials, and energy. As a result, there is a risk of depletion of nonrenewable resources.

Renewable resources are being depleted faster than they can be replenished, resulting in environmental damage. If we are to survive on this world, we must conserve our natural resources. (Ramalingan, et al, 1979). The phrase conservation is derived from two Latin words: “Con” (together) and “servare” (to keep or guard).

As a result, conservation literally means “keeping together.” Today, we think of conservation as responsibly exploiting our natural resources rather than maintaining the status quo. To conserve something, according to Ramalingua et al (1979), implies to protect it and retain it in good shape. Conversation in the current era implies ensuring a high quality of life for humans via smart use and management of the natural environment.

This concept has a broad reach; it considers the preservation of nature, such as forests, soil, and wildlife, in order to enrich human lives, as well as the controlled and planned production of valuable resources from the living environment, such as crops and fisheries.

The regulated use of potential ideas is a business notion, if manipulation and decision making in relation to our natural resources, but first we must understand what our natural resources are and what role they play in the ecosystem. Aido Leopard (1979), a well-known conservationist, stated that in order to practise conservation, individuals must comprehend ecological processes.

The primary goal of conservation is to maintain a healthy6, functioning biosphere (a region of the world where living creatures exist) that will also give us with our requirements, including activity reservation.


The research investigates the essence and significance of the environment and its resources. Unfortunately, many people are unaware of how important the environment is to mankind and how it impacts the existence of man and other living organisms. There are numerous explanations for the decline in natural resource conservation. They are as follows:

1. Inadequate education regarding the dangers of pollution.

2. The inappropriate dumping of trash

3. Inadequate trash management

four. insufficient ventilation

5. Improper management of crude oil, which results in water contamination

6. indiscriminate burning of trees

7th. Illegal timber harvesting


The goal of this research study is to raise public awareness about the importance of the environment. People should definitely use the greatest approach of exploring the environment and caring for nature, as there are numerous benefits to conserving our ecosystem.

1. Protection of the natural forest

2. conserving the natural beauty of life

3. The depiction of wildlife

4. Enhancement of one’s standard of living

5. It increases our revenue.


This project activity is intended to provide people in the Ovia South West Local Government Area of Edo State with basic or fundamental knowledge of environmental resource conservation. If the information acquired from this project work is made available to those individuals in their various locations, it will go a long way towards solving the conservation challenge, which includes the conservation of natural resources.

A thorough study and description of the essence of the environment and its resources, as offered in this project work, will go a long way towards inspiring and educating the researcher and other researchers who may choose to conduct additional research on this topic. The information gathered in this project work will be added to the pool of already existing ideas for use in planning the development of not just the biology department, Ekiadolor, Benin, but also the nation as a whole.


If the natural resources are covered in this course of study, the following research questions are posed.

1. Are natural resources beneficial to humanity?

2. Does natural resource conservation promote wildlife continuity?

3. Does conservation preserve nature’s beauty?

4. Does a healthy environment increase our overall well-being?

5. Does conservation assure consistent mineral sources for energy and foreign exchange?


The researcher has focused on Udo, Iguobazuwa, Iguelahor College, Nikorogba, and Okomu Oil in Ovia South West Local Government. The scope is limited to farmers in rural areas and a few research students, particularly those in the Biology Department of the College of Education in Ekiadolor, Benin. Also to timber fellers, who have always had clout in the forest, and ultimately to industrialists.


For the sake of clarity, the following terminology used in the study’s content are defined below.

The totality of the biotic and abiotic components interacting in the environment is referred to as an eco-system.

Endangered species are wildlife species (animals) that are helpful to humans and provide enjoyment but are in danger of extinction. Extinct species are being saved, such as stripped hydrias, giraffes, whales, kites, sparrows, and hawks.

Extinction occurs when animal species such as reptiles, birds, and mammals are hunted or murdered by humans, causing them to go extinct.

Non-Renewable Resources: These are resources that cannot be replenished once the initial stock is depleted. Examples include petroleum, coal, and gold.

Renewable resources are ones that can be replenished once the initial stock is depleted.

Pollution is defined as the release or discharge of waste substance or energy into the environment by man in proportions that are detrimental to him or other things, or that impair the quality of human life in some way.

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