ASSESSMENT OF SELF determination AS A STRATEGY FOR RESOLVING THE national QUESTION south SUDAN
ASSESSMENT OF SELF DETERMINATION AS A STRATEGY FOR RESOLVING THE NATIONAL QUESTION SOUTH SUDAN
This study, “An Assessment of the Right to Self-Determination as a Strategy for Resolving the National Question in South Sudan,” sought to determine why and how the people of Southern Sudan came to identify as a nation, despite religious and ethnic differences. The study took a thematic approach, focusing the investigation on literary materials.
The ideological theory of nationalism was used to provide a systematic explanation for nationalism in Africa. According to the thesis, African nationalism is an ideological construct created by frustrated elites who rally the people behind their cause. After gaining the support of the masses, the elites and intelligentsia will begin negotiating with the leading political group.
It was discovered that while the right to self-determination provided the foundation for South Sudan's attainment of statehood, it did not provide a sustainable solution to the country's nationhood dilemma. As a result, it was advocated that African states, particularly South Sudan, embrace democratic governance principles.
States should incorporate all parts and strata of the population into government. The rule of law and justice should be established as the guiding star of governance. Finally, it was suggested that a level playing field be established for all people in diverse fields of human activity.
Chapter One: General Introduction
1.1 Background to the Study
Africa is home to a large number of armed non-state groups. Armed non-state groups include armed bands, vigilantes, cultist groups, private security outfits, criminal ties, communal, ethnic, religious, or regional armies, militias, and rebel organisations.
These groups have played key roles in violent conflicts that have seriously compromised human security and the state's ability to protect it. These armed non-state groups have made an impact in the Central African Republic, Chad, Egypt, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Nigeria, Somalia, and Sudan, among other places. (Augustine and Wayfula, 2010: 1–2).
These groups' activities have had a negative impact on Africa's stability, development, and security. Although these groups existed in Africa in the pre-colonial, colonial, and the immediate period that followed independence, there has been a resurgence since the 1990s, with groups being formed for dissent, resistance, civil defence,
and struggle for self-determination, political reforms, and resource control in Sudan, DRC, and Somalia, with implications for human insecurity, massive internal displacement, disruption of livelihoods, violations of human rights, heightened crime.