EFFECT OF MARITAL problems ON THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN IN NIGERIA
EFFECT OF MARITAL PROBLEMS ON THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN IN NIGERIA
This study looked at the impact of marital difficulties on children's schooling in Nigeria. Three objectives were proposed: examine the need for an effective education for the Nigerian child, assess the level of marital problems in Nigerian homes and how it affects children's educational development,
examine the effect of marital problems on children's academic performance or achievement in Nigeria, and recommend ways to improve the educational development of children from problematic homes.
A total of 77 replies were collected and authenticated from the registered participants, all of whom were taken from the staffs of selected elementary schools in Jos north LGA of plateau state. The Chi-Square statistical programme (SPSS) was used to test the hypothesis.
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Marriage is a fundamental institution in every culture, created by God as a social agreement between two people to become husband and wife (Becker, 2002; Uka, Obidoa, & Uzoechina, 2013). It is an institution that grants sexual relationships and reproduction legitimacy to legitimate children (Ryan & Powelson, 2010).
Marriage is the union of two people of different genders in matrimony to become one flesh as husband and wife, given the necessity for companionship, procreation, and the continuation and maintenance of familial ties (Gbenda & Akume, 2002; Abane, 2003; Bumpass, 2009).
Nonetheless, marital instability is a major worry in today's society because it is related with separation, divorce, and widowhood (Omoniyi-Oyafunke, Falola, & Salau, 2014).
Marriage, according to Uka et al. (2013), is the legalisation of a special relationship between a man and a woman that society approves of, and it places partners under legal and social obligations to themselves and the society.
Although the terms marriage and family are frequently used interchangeably, they do not have the same connotation. Sarker (2007) defines family as “any two people who are related to each other.”
According to Onwuasoanya (2006), the family is the household and those who dwell in one house, as well as a network of people such as the couple, their offspring, and kin who are bound together by a social and familial link. Researchers both locally and globally recognise the importance of a stable family (Becker, 2002; Sarker, 2007;
Uka et al., 2013; Omoniyi-Oyafunke et al., 2014). This is due to the fact that a stable family grows and promotes and sustains strong relationships. As a result, Sarker (2007) defines marital instability as the interpersonal interaction and association within the married partnership.
Furthermore, Lesmin and Sarker (2008) defined marital instability as the process by which marriages fail due to separation, desertion, or divorce.
As a result, the rising incidence of marital discord, such as divorce, indicates that marital instability exists in a lot of Nigerian families (Ezennay, 2006). Marital instability develops when one individual or spouse attempts to checkmate the other's behaviours and expectations (Uka et al., 2013).
This endangers the stability of the household as well as the well-being of the children, as it frequently has an impact on their academic adjustment and achievement. Many people in today's society believe that the educational system has failed.
However, the schooling system has not failed; rather, the partnership has failed, with schools taking on the responsibility that families and communities once assumed (Castro-Martin & Bumpass, 2009). Family stability frequently has a significant impact on a student's drive to learn and her ability to cope with academics.
The family environment is a powerful predictor of children's academic adjustment and accomplishment. This is because a number of children's academic potentials are currently being jeopardised as a result of parental marital insecurity (Sarker, 2007).
Contact between parents, instructors, and students has a significant impact on students' academic success. Those who do not routinely attend lectures due to a lack of effective monitoring by their parents may struggle academically (Bumpass, 2009).
As a result, parents are faced with the challenge of improving their home environment in order to have a beneficial impact on their children's academic success in school (Castro-Martin & Bumpass, 2009).
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE GENERAL problem
One of the most noticeable developments in modern family life is the rise in marital issues in Nigeria. Lesthaeghe, 2005. Several studies have found that children living in troubled marriages and other lone parent families have lower levels of economic well-being, and that cross-national variation in these gaps is closely related to welfare state support (Vleminckx and Smeeding 2000; Aassveet al. 2007; Heuveline and Weinshenker 2008).
The emergence of new types of marital difficulties necessitates a thorough examination of the new events in order to comprehend its causes and implications.
Problems and the dissolution of family and conjugal ties have demographic, social, and economic effects for the people involved, especially children.
There are negative repercussions for separated or divorced parents' and their children's well-being, as well as poverty concerns for women with children. The overarching issue is thus to investigate the extent to which marital difficulties affect children's educational outcomes.
1.3. goals AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The study's primary goal is to investigate the impact of marital difficulties on children's schooling in Nigeria. Other specific study objectives include:
To investigate the need for an effective education for Nigerian children.
To determine the extent of marital conflict in Nigerian households and how it affects children's scholastic development.
To investigate the impact of marital difficulties on children's academic performance or achievement in Nigeria.
To make recommendations for ways to improve the scholastic development of children from troubled homes.
1.5. RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
H0: Marital difficulties have no substantial impact on children's education/academic achievement in Nigeria.
H1: Marital difficulties have a major impact on children's education/academic achievement in Nigeria.
H0: Marital difficulties have little effect on children's academic performance or achievement in Nigeria.
H1: There is an influence of marital difficulties on children's academic performance or achievement in Nigeria.
1.6. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The project would significantly improve the educational performance of children from problematic households since it addresses such educational obstacles as they may develop.
The study would also be extremely useful to students, researchers, and academics who want to conduct additional research on the issue by providing relevant material.
1.7. SCOPE AND limitations OF THE STUDY
The study will look at the impact of marital difficulties on children's schooling in Nigeria, specifically in Jos North LGA of Plateau State.
LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
Financial constraint: Inadequate funding tends to restrict the researcher's efficiency in locating relevant materials, literature, or information, as well as in the data collection process (internet, questionnaire, and interview).
Time constraint: The researcher will conduct this investigation alongside other academic activities. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.