EFFECT OF MARITAL PROBLEMS ON THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN IN NIGERIA
The impact of marital issues on children's schooling in Nigeria was the subject of this study. The need for an effective education for Nigerian children was examined, the level of marital conflict in Nigerian homes was evaluated in terms of how it affects children's educational development.
The impact of marital conflict on children's academic performance or achievement in Nigeria was examined, and recommendations for ways to enhance the educational development of children from problematic homes were made.
The enrolled participants provided a total of 77 responses, all of which were authenticated. The respondents were taken from the staffs of particular primary schools in the Jos North lga of the plateau state. The SPSS Chi-Square statistical tool was used to evaluate the hypothesis.
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
According to Uka, Obidoa, and Uzoechina (2013), marriage is a fundamental institution in every culture that God created as a social contract between two people to become husband and wife.
It is an institution that grants consent to sexual activity and legal parental consent to childbearing for legitimate offspring (Ryan & Powelson, 2010).
Given the necessity for friendship, procreation, and maintaining and extending family ties, two people of opposite sexes must marry in matrimony to become one flesh as husband and wife (Gbenda & Akume, 2002; Abane, 2003; Bumpass, 2009).
However, marital instability in today's society is quite concerning because it's linked to widowhood, divorce, and separation (Omoniyi-Oyafunke, Falola, & Salau, 2014).
Uka, et al. (2013) claim that marriage is the legalisation of a unique relationship between a man and woman that receives societal recognition.
It also places the couple under legal and social obligations to both themselves and society. Although the terms “marriage” and “family” are frequently used interchangeably, they are not the same and have different connotations. According to Sarker (2007), a family is any pair of persons who are linked to one another.
According to Onwuasoanya (2006), a family is a group of people who reside in a single home, including the couple, their children, and other relatives who are closely bound by social ties.
Research both locally and internationally has recognised the importance of stable families (Becker, 2002; Sarker, 2007; Uka et al., 2013; Omoniyi-Oyafunke et al., 2014).
This is so that stable relationships can flourish within families and be encouraged and maintained. As a result, Sarker (2007) describes interpersonal affiliation and interaction within the marriage relationship as marital instability.
Furthermore, Lesmin and Sarker's (2008) definition of marital instability described it as the process by which marriages end in divorce, desertion, or separation.
As a result, the rising rate of marital discord, including divorce, indicates that there is marital instability in many families in the Nigerian context (Ezennay, 2006).
According to Uka et al. (2013), marital instability results from an individual or couple trying to checkmate the actions and expectations of the other. This endangers the stability of the family as well as the wellbeing of the kids because it frequently affects how they adjust to and perform in school.
Many people in today's society believe that the educational system has failed, but it is clear that this is not the case. Instead, the partnership has failed as a result of schools taking on responsibilities that previously belonged to families and communities (Castro-Martin & Bumpass, 2009).
The student's drive to learn and capacity to handle academic pressure is frequently significantly influenced by the stability of her family. The family environment is a reliable indicator of children's academic achievement and adjustment.
This is due to the fact that a number of kids' academic potentials are currently being challenged by parental marital instability (Sarker, 2007). The interaction between parents, teachers, and students has a significant influence on the students' academic achievement.
Therefore, those who do not consistently attend lectures due to improper parental supervision may have trouble transitioning academically (Bumpass, 2009).
As a result, parents must consider how to improve their home environment in order to have a beneficial impact on their children's academic success at school (Castro-Martin & Bumpass, 2009).
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE GENERAL problem
One of the most obvious developments in modern family life is the rise in marital issues in Nigeria. 2005; Lesthaeghe.
According to several studies (Vleminckx and Smeeding 2000; Aassveet al. 2007; Heuveline and Weinshenker 2008), children in troubled marriages and other lone parent families typically have lower levels of economic well-being.
The cross-national variation in these gaps is strongly correlated with welfare state support. A thorough investigation of the new occurrences is required in light of the rise in new types of marital issues in order to comprehend their causes and effects.
For everyone involved, including children, issues and the dissolution of family and romantic ties have important demographic, social, and economic repercussions.
The wellbeing of separated or divorced parents, their children, and the likelihood of poverty for women with children are all negatively impacted. The main issue is therefore to determine how much marital issues have an impact on children's academic performance.
1.3. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The study's main goal is to investigate how marital issues affect children's schooling in Nigeria. The study's other particular goals include;
To investigate the necessity for the Nigerian child to have a quality education.
To evaluate the severity of marital issues in Nigerian households and the impact on kids' scholastic development.
To investigate how marital issues affect children's scholastic ability or performance in Nigeria.
To make suggestions on strategies to enhance the educational growth of kids from troubled homes.
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
H0: In Nigeria, marital issues do not significantly affect children's academic achievement.
H1: In Nigeria, children's academic and educational performance are significantly impacted by marital issues.
H0: Marital issues have little impact on children's academic achievement or performance in Nigeria.
H1: Marital issues have an impact on children's academic attainment or performance in Nigeria.
1.6. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
As it tries to address potential educational problems, the study would significantly enhance the academic performance of children from dysfunctional families.
The study would also be extremely valuable to students, researchers, and academics who are interested in expanding existing research on the topic by providing pertinent literature.
1.7. SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The study will use a few primary schools in Jos North LGA of Plateau State to look at how marriage issues affect children's education in Nigeria.
LIMITATIONS TO THE STUDY
Financial restraint: A researcher's ability to gather data (through the internet, a questionnaire, and interviews) and locate relevant materials, literature, or information is often hindered by a lack of funding.
Time restraint: The researcher will do this investigation together with other academic activities at the same time. As a result, less time will be spent on the research project.