1.1Background of the study
Virtual learning is not a new phenomenon in the promotion of education in some parts of the world. Currently, some Nigerian institutions use it to promote distance learning and lifelong learning. Virtual Learning After-Sale (2002) uses electronic technologies to provide education and training applications, monitor learner performance, and report student progress.
Hedge and Hayward (2004) have defined this approach as an innovative approach to creating interactive, well-designed, interactive learning and interactive e-learning learning environments for everyone, anytime, anywhere. using the Internet and digital technologies, taking into account the principles of instructional design. It’s about learning with computers. At present, computer learning is simply an online method of acquiring knowledge on the Internet or an offline CD-ROM. Online includes the use of Internet Explorer / Navigator. It can be in audio, visual or audio/visual form.
The process and applications of virtual learning technology include computer-assisted learning, web-based learning, virtual learning, blended learning, hybrid learning, Internet networked learning, television learning, computer-assisted learning, and digital content collaboration. , Audio and/or video cassettes, satellite television and CD-ROMs (Arbaugh, 2000, Achuonye, 2004, Ukoha, 2007). In Nigerian schools, virtual learning is most often used in the form of CD-ROM course notes, which can be read at the discretion of the learner.
The problem with this method is that the number of students per computer on which these facilities are available is not interactive compared to the time spent in class. Some institutions have taken over the use of intranet facilities. However, this is not well maintained due to the constant power supply problem and the high operating costs of the generator. Most students in Nigeria go to the Cyber Café. However, since people of different intensity are simultaneously on the Internet and the problem of bandwidth arises, a multimedia interaction program can not be executed. In spite of all these challenges and all the other challenges facing the virtual learning institution in Nigeria, institutions such as the University of Ibadan, the Obafemi Awolowo University, the University of Benin, Abuja University, the University of Lagos and the Open University of Nigeria relies on virtual learning facilities. The number seems very low (compared to other parts of the world and the usefulness of virtual learning for economic development), as most institutions are localized and have problems with bandwidth and, most importantly, with electricity.
Although most educational institutions (private and public) have started to set up their ICT centers only for Internet services, ignoring the other components of the virtual learning center.
1.2 Problem statement
The emergence and diffusion of new information and communication technologies (ICTs) have triggered an unstoppable revolution in education, particularly in the areas of teaching and learning. Internet and the Internet have further accelerated the revolutionary pace, including improving e-learning. For most providers of open learning and distance learning, e-learning has given access to another dimension. Although the nations themselves praise open and distance learning (ODL) as a way to free themselves from the problem of massive access to education, learning E-11 further expands borders by further reducing the distance between education and helping people living in the region are able to access education at any time, at their own pace and anywhere. Online learning or online education provides students with excellent opportunities to communicate individually with their learning materials, learning resources and tutors. It is the interactive use of technology and communication systems to enhance the learning experience. This has the potential to change the way we teach and learn throughout the year (24 hours a day, 7 days a week). This can raise the level and increase participation in lifelong learning. It is important to keep in mind that as e-learning via networking technologies, e-learning involves the use of virtual technologies in the practice of teaching, learning and learning. evaluation (Lee, Hong, and Ling, 2002). Therefore, the study examines the impact of virtual learning methods on literacy
1.3 Purpose of the study
The purpose of this study is to examine Virtual learning as a method of increasing literacy in Nigeria Specifically the study:
1. To raise general awareness of the academic community of virtual learning tools.
2. To examine virtual learning effects on literacy level.
3 To initiate a culture of innovation that will lead to an increase in literacy level in the country.
1.4 Significance of the study
Attempting to tackle this study could provide a diagnostic basis for solving the problems or challenges of e-learning and the prospects for e-learning in Nigerian higher education. It may also be useful to change the altitude of students and teachers/lecturers in relation to virtual learning. It also identifies the role of government in developing virtual learning by providing virtual learning resources.
In addition, teachers/lecturers, students, and government are sensitized to the challenges and opportunities of e-learning in Nigerian higher education.
The study hypothesis is:
HO: virtual learning does not have a significant effect on literacy level
H1: virtual learning has a significant effect on literacy level.
Ho: innovation does not have a significant effect on the literacy level.
H1: Innovations have a significant effect on the literacy level.
Scope and Limitations of the Study
The study scope is limited to investigating the examine Virtual learning as a method of increasing literacy in Nigeria in Lagos state civil service. Limitation faced by the research was limited time and financial constraint
Definition of Basic terminologies
Education: Education refers to the process of receiving or giving systematic instruction, especially at a school or university. The act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life.
University Education: This refers to an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after secondary education. It is otherwise known as higher education, post-secondary education, tertiary education or third-level education.
Distance Education: Distance education refers to a method of studying in which lectures are broadcasted or classes are conducted by correspondence or over the internet, without the students needing to attend a school or college.
Organisation of study
The study is grouped into five chapters. This chapter being the first gives an introduction to the study. Chapter two gives a review of the related literature. Chapter three presents the research methodology; chapter four presents the data analysis as well as interpretation and discussion of the results. Chapter five gives a summary of findings and recommendations.
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