THE IMPACT OF FAMILY ON STUDENTS' CAREER CHOICE
THE IMPACT OF FAMILY ON STUDENTS' CAREER CHOICE
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Family is a place where children learn to interpret realities (Wary and Passman, 1996). Parents serve as significant interpreters to children for information about the world and children's ability (Hall, Kelly, Hansen, and Vulwein, 1996).
Interaction with family shapes young people's attitudes about employment and careers. A student's career planning and decision making is influenced by his or her family history. However, the level of involvement within any family might be highly positive or detrimental.
Parents' socioeconomic status (SES), level of education, and biogenetic factors such as physical size, gender, ability, and temperament have been found to be associated with career choice.
Panic and Jepson (1992), in a study on adolescent vocational development, reported that education had the greatest effect on education plans and occupational aspiration. Mortime et al.
(1992) also reported that parents with postsecondary education prefer to instill its value in their children, which is consistent with earlier findings.
Montgomery (1992) votes that students gifted in mathematics saw their profession choice as a reflection of their early family influences and school possibilities.
However, according to De Piddeo (1990), adolescents' employment choices can be hampered by their parents' lesser level of education. Being born to parents with little education and income reduces the child's chances of attending college or reaching professional and occupational aspirations, and has virtually decided the child's future career choice.
Another factor of a student's familial background that influences profession choice is family income. According to Mortimer et al. (1992), one reason for this could be that families with low financial resources may prioritise the older children in the family, leaving less hope and encouragement for the younger children.
As a result, it is understandable that students' self efficacy in terms of job options is tied to the financial support they can expect from their parents. Another family background aspect linked to profession choice is the parents' spiritual/health status.
Parents who love Jesus and desire the best for their children will encourage their children to choose a career that will offer them joy in the future. Thus, Proverbs 22:6 advised parents to pay attention to their children, while the children, in turn, should demonstrate obedience (Ephesians 6:13).
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The standard of education in Nigeria today is gradually declining, prompting numerous discussions among scholars, civil servants, educational planners, and others about the immediate and remote causes of the failure and the factors impeding high standards of education.
While we can blame governments, teachers, and children, the families from which students come leave much to be desired. It is vital to highlight that we cannot exonerate a child's family when discussing the student's secondary school career decision.
Family background elements discovered to influence kids' profession choices include parents' socioeconomic situation, educational level, love for Jesus, family size, and temperament.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The study's primary goal is to investigate the influence of family background on secondary school students' professional choices. The following are the study's specific objectives:
1. To determine the extent to which parents' socioeconomic position influences secondary school children' job choices.
2. To investigate the association between parental education level and secondary school students' profession choices.
3. To ascertain whether the size of a family influences secondary school students' job choices.
4. To investigate the association between family living conditions and students' profession choices.
5. To determine whether the ability and temperament of parents influence students' job choices.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION
The following questions were posed to address the impact of family background on secondary school students' profession choices:
1. To what extent does parents' socioeconomic situation influence adolescents' secondary school career choices?
2. Is there a link between the degree of education of parents and the profession choices of secondary school students?
3. Does the size of a family effect the job choices of secondary school students?
4. Is there a link between students' home living conditions and their professional choices?
5. To what extent do parents' abilities and temperament influence their children's job choices?
1.5. HYPOTHESES TO BE TESTED
H0: Parents' socioeconomic situation has no influence on students' secondary school job choices.
H1: Parents' socioeconomic position effects pupils' secondary school career choices.
H0: There is no association between parents' educational level and secondary school students' profession choices.
H1: There is a link between parents' educational levels and secondary school pupils' profession choices.
H0: Family size has no effect on secondary school students' profession choices.
H1: Family size effects secondary school students' profession choices.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OFÂ THE STUDY
Students succeed in school when certain factors are in place or under control, such as ensuring that the child is fed well at home, gets enough rest, does his family work, has his work checked by both his teachers and parents, has his school materials, and receives adequate encouragement from his parents.
Additionally, useful information should be provided to the child to guide future generations' career choices. In light of the foregoing, the students will aid parents in gaining insight into their children's behaviour and needs. The study's goal is to identify the factors that limit or improve student selection in secondary schools.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study is limited to secondary schools in Edo state's Esan Central local government area. In recognition of the comparable situation that most students in other secondary schools in Edo State face, the poll will focus on students in their first and final year of studies.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
FAMILY: A family consists of a husband, wife, and children.
FAMILY SIZE: The number of family members.
FAMILY SYSTEM: This involves monogamy and can be either nuclear or extended.
house ENVIRONMENT: This refers to parental experiences and ambitions for their children, items and material circumstances in the house for comfort, as well as certain behavioural processes that promote learning.
EDUCATIONAL UPBRINGING: This refers to children's education and how they perform academically when tested or examined.
EDUCATIONAL STATUS: This word refers to social processes that result in social competence and individual growth and are carried out in a specific, controlled setting that can be institutionalised as a school or college.
OCCUPATIONAL STATUS: A person's trade, vocation, or primary source of income.
socio-economic STATUS: This relates to one's position of acknowledgment in society. A status like this may not be inherited but must be earned via personal efforts such as education, wealth, occupation, and social class.
academic PERFORMANCE: This refers to the student's achievement, class scores, and place in relation to all those who took the same test.
EFFECTS: the consequence or result of anything, whether favourable or negative.
HOME SITUATION: This relates to the predominant mood in the home, which could be violent, resentful, or chaotic.
PARENTAL ATTITUDE: A parent's proclivity to respond to a specific stimuli in their social surroundings. Some answers determine how and in what manner their children are raised.