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EDUCATION EDUCATION UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS

THE IMPACT OF FAMILY BACKGROUND ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ CAREER CHOICE IN NIGERIA

THE IMPACT OF FAMILY BACKGROUND ON SECONDARY STUDENTS’ CAREER CHOICE IN ERIA

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 THE STUDY’S BACKGROUND

Family is a place where children learn to interpret realities (Wary and Passman, 1996). Parents serve as significant interpreters to children for information about the world and children’s ability (, Kelly, Hansen, and Vulwein, 1996). Interaction with family shapes young people’s attitudes toward work and careers. A ent’s career planning and decision making is influenced by his or her family background. However, the level of involvement within each family can be very positive or negative.

Parents’ socioeconomic status (SES), level of education, and biogenetic factors such as physical size, gender, ability, and temperament have all been found to be associated with career choice. In a y on adolescent vocational development, Panic and Jepson (1992) found that education had the greatest impact on education plans and occupational aspiration.

Mortime et al. (1992) also reported that parents with postsecondary education tend to instill its value in their children, which is consistent with other ies. Montgomery (1992) votes that ents gifted in mathematics saw their career choice as a reflection of their early family influences and educational opportunities.

However, according to De Piddeo (1990), adolescents’ career choices can be hampered by their parents’ lower level of education. Being born to parents with limited education and income reduces the child’s chances of attending college or achieving professional and occupational goals, and has essentially predetermined the child’s likely career choice. Another aspect of a ent’s family background that influences career choice is family income.

According to Mortimer et al. (1992), one reason for this could be that families with limited financial resources may prioritize the older children in the family, leaving less hope and encouragement for the younger children. As a result, it is understandable that ents’ self efficacy in terms of career opportunities is linked to the financial support they can expect from their parents.

Another family background factor linked to career choice is the parents’ spiritual/health status. Parents who love Jesus and want the best for their children will encourage their children to pursue a career that will bring them joy in the future. Thus, Proverbs 22:6 admonished parents to pay attention to their children, while the children should demonstrate their obedience (Ephesians 6:13).

1.2 PROBLEM MENT

The standard of education in Nigeria today is gradually declining, prompting numerous discussions among scholars, civil servants, educational planners, and others about the immediate and remote causes of the failure and the factors impeding high standards of education. While we can blame s, teachers, and children, the families from which ents come leave much to be desired.

It is important to note that we cannot exonerate a child’s family when discussing the ent’s career choice. Family background factors found to influence ents’ career choices include parents’ socioeconomic status, educational level, love for Jesus, family size, and temperament.

1.3 THE STUDY’S OBJECTIVE

The y’s primary goal is to investigate the influence of family background on ents’ occupational choices. The following are the y’s specific objectives:

1. Determine the extent to which parents’ socioeconomic status influences ents’ career choices.

2. To investigate the relationship between parental education level and ents’ career choices.

3. To determine whether the size of a family influences ents’ career choices.

4. To investigate the relationship between family living conditions and ents’ career choices.

5. Determine whether the ability and temperament of parents influence ents’ career choices.

1.4 QUESTION FOR

The following questions were asked to address the impact of family background on ents’ career choices:

1. To what extent does parents’ socioeconomic status influence ents’ career choices?

2. Is there a link between the level of education of parents and the career choices of ents?

3. Does the size of a family have an impact on ents’ career choices?

4. Is there a link between ents’ family living conditions and their career choices?

5. To what extent do parents’ abilities and temperament influence their children’s career choices?

1.6 THE STUDY’S SIGNIFICANCE

Students succeed in school when certain factors are in place or under control, such as ensuring that the child is fed well at home, gets enough rest, does his family work, has his work checked by both his teachers and parents, has his school materials, and receives adequate encouragement from his parents.

Additionally, useful information should be provided to the child to guide future generations’ career choices. In light of the foregoing, the ents will assist parents in gaining insight into their children’s behavior and needs. The y’s goal is to identify the factors that impede or improve ent selection in s.

1.7 STUDY OBJECTIVES

This y is limited to s in Edo State’s Esan Central local area. In recognition of the similar situation that most ents in other s in Edo State face, the survey will focus on ents in their first and final year of ies.

1.8 TERM DEFINITION

FAMILY: A family consists of a husband, wife, and children.

FAMILY SIZE: The number of family members.

FAMILY SYSTEM: This includes monogamy and can be either nuclear or extended.

HOME ENVIRONMENT: This refers to parental experiences and aspirations for their children, objects and material conditions in the home for comfort, as well as specific behavioral processes that promote learning.

EDUCATIONAL UPBRINGING: This refers to children’s education and how they perform academically when tested or examined.

EDUCATIONAL STATUS: This term refers to social processes that result in social competence and individual growth and are carried out in a specific, controlled setting that can be institutionalized as a school or college.

OCCUPATIONAL STATUS: A person’s trade, vocation, or primary source of income.

- STATUS: This refers to one’s position of recognition in society. A position like this may not be inherited but must be earned through personal efforts such as education, wealth, occupation, and social class.

ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE: This refers to the ent’s achievement, class scores, and position in relation to all others who took the same test.

EFFECTS: the outcome or result of anything, whether positive or negative.

HOME SITUATION: This refers to the prevailing atmosphere in the home, which could be violent, resentful, or chaotic.

PARENTAL ATTITUDE: A parent’s proclivity to respond to a specific stimulus in their social environment. Some responses determine how and in what manner their children are raised.

 

 

 

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THE IMPACT OF FAMILY BACKGROUND ON SECONDARY STUDENTS’ CAREER CHOICE IN ERIA

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