Project Materials








Many family factors have been linked to students’ academic performance in economics in secondary school these days. Many people, including sociologists and philosophers, have invested a lot of time and effort into determining what factors affect students’ economic performance.

They include, among other things, poor teaching quality, irregular attendance at school, the child’s emotional attitude toward school and school subjects, defective physical conditions manifested in poor hearing, bad vision, speech impediment, the environment and society, and the occupation of the student’s father.

The raging conflict between the school as to which of the two is actually responsible for the poor or good performance of students in economic examination has enabled the researcher to take a cursory look at the influence of father’s occupation on the academic performance of students in an area of Edo state that has been chosen as a case study.

The research is based on the theory that there is a need for close collaboration between the home and the school in order to understand children’s learning problems.

For better or worse, society appears to have decided to educate its children outside the home in separate, self-contained, single-purpose establishments. After experiencing education in this manner, continuing to discuss how they influence each other could be a matter of for they can be resolved most at the root of all discussion about teacher-parent relationships.

There was a time when parents only came to school to assault the schoolmaster. Teachers, on the other hand, were stereotyped as having no interest in the homes to which their students belonged. However, there is undeniably a significant increase in interest in the relationship between home and school, as well as a trend towards ensuring this interest through various formal organizations and systems in many schools have presents teacher organization, many areas have action groups of one sort or another, you have the national confederation of parents teacher association and the advisory centre for education, all of whom are very concerned with home school links for children.

Similarly, it has been accepted that learning can occur in a variety of settings, including the home and playground, as well as the classroom. Every child brings into the classroom all of his or her ear, home training and experience, a kind of internal environment that makes him a significant environmental factor to others.

A learning environment is thus more than what can be measured in the student’s immediate physical surroundings; it includes everything inside and outside the space the child occupies that influences his behavior during a specific learning routine.

Economic background characteristics associated with academic performance and intelligence can be classified as high economic status or low economic status. The level of education, occupation, and income in the society determine both status. These variables, while intriguing, reveal little about how their effects are mediated to children and into process variables such as parental achievement, home language models, academic home guidance, and family social participation.

It is believed that an individual’s income and occupation are determined by their level of education. This, in turn, determines the individual’s status. However, due to his health, this is not the case. As a result of this variation, the researchers will investigate the link between academic performance and these variables. The size of the family will be considered as a variable in the study.

Though social class is most commonly used as a child economic background variable in Western European societies and North America, using the social class variable in developing Asian countries is difficult, if not impossible, at this stage. Africa, and particularly Nigeria, in the same way that it is used in Western European countries. There are two possible explanations for this. First, there has been no attempt to classify occupations in these developing countries.

Second, and perhaps most importantly, the social system of the extended family in these developing countries would render social class based on occupation meaningless.

For example, a man in a developing country in a good job with a very small salary per annum may not afford to live in a middle class family probably because a lot of people rely on his single salary for their existence, so the size of the family will be viewed as one variable. This study will not include the different types of families—polygamous and monogamous.

The following are the highlights of what will be found in each chapter: the first chapter deals with the formulation of problems and relevant research questions, while the second chapter deals with critical reviews of important literature on the subject. This exercise is viewed as a guide to revealing the variables that have been found to be important, as well as the gaps in previous studies on the determinants of individual performance.

It also enabled the researcher and the useful hypothesis that resulted from their work. A review of the literature aided in the formulation of the research problems. The third chapter discusses the various methods used to collect data, including the operationalization of concepts and descriptive statistics. The fourth chapter is about analyzing the collected data.

The results of these analyses are also explained and interpreted in light of the theoretical framework. The works conclude with chapter five, the conclusion, which summarizes what was done in the survival for further research and then points out gaps in the study that can be filled by other research.


Today, teachers are frequently blamed for students’ poor academic performance without investigating other factors that may be contributing to the students’ problems. When it comes to academics, most parents are quick to point accusing fingers at both the child and his teacher.

Should the entire burden be placed on teachers, who always want the best for their students? One would like to learn the parents’ justifications for blaming the teachers for their children’s poor academic performance. In reality, the foundation of a child’s socialization is laid at home.

Furthermore, children spend more time at home than at school. Many factors related to the family could have contributed to students’ high or low performance, with economics being one of them. Economic class stratification has become a common phenomenon in our society.

Citizens’ wealth is distributed in an equitable manner. As a result, the educated and illiterate poor masses emerge. As a result, the study looked into the impact of those stratified classes on students’ academic performance. In other words, the study focuses on how students’ academic performance can be influenced by their family’s economic status. The researcher poses the following research questions.


1. Does the economic status of parents influence students’ academic performance?

2. Does a parent’s educational status influence their children’s academic performance?

3. Does the size of the family have an impact on the student’s academic performance?

4. Does a lack of educational facilities affect students’ academic performance?


The goal is to determine the impact of father’s occupation on students’ academic performance in selected public secondary schools. It is intended to compare the academic performance of students from various occupations of the father. The research will shed light on how and why some students outperform others.


The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of occupational inequality on student performance in some selected public secondary schools in the Ovia North East Local Government Area of Edo State. The study will be extremely useful in educating teachers on how to deal with students from various socioeconomic backgrounds in order to improve performance.

It will also enable school administrators to recognize the importance of stocking books, newspapers, and magazines in the school library, despite the fact that some students may not have access to these materials at home. The study will also assist the teacher in adapting his or her effective teaching method to accommodate each student.


For convenience, the study will be used in some selected public secondary schools in Edo state’s Ovia north east local government area. The semi-urban setting was chosen to include children from diverse family backgrounds. The study used five schools SSS 2 students; the study will only lower the economic aspect such as the parents’ children in the family.



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