MALE PARTICIPATION IN FAMILY PLANNING
THE STUDY'S BACKGROUND
Family planning is not a new concept in society; it is so well established in developed countries that those in developing countries are unaware that they are engaging in family planning. It was so prevalent in the field of study that when a woman was put to bed or gave birth, she was sent to her mother to nurse the baby for one or two years. Her mother's visit was intended to allow her to breastfeed the baby before returning to her husband.
Natural child spacing was taking place without my knowledge. However, family planning began in Nigeria due to the obvious problems of brutality (violence) of both born and unborn children. These reasons were based on child jumping, which is when an unwanted child is dumped into the street, gutter, mot, or in front of an orphanage, a bush, or a public toilet.
Adeniyi Jones established the first family planning center in Nigeria in 1954, and she continued without funding until 1969, when Pathfinder provided funding to sustain the program. Fortunately for her, the Family Planning Centre of Nigeria (FCN) was expanded to better serve women in 1984. This includes family planning services.
methods to reduce maternal mortality and those at risk of illness President Ibrahim Babagida limited the number of children per parent or couple to four (four) in 1989; this program was excellent but could not be sustained due to poor service and management.
Family planning is the process of limiting the number of children desired in a marriage through the use of contraception, also known as birth control. Jeoffery (2004) agrees that family planning is a method by which individuals or couples space childbirth intervals based on mutual agreement between the husband and wife in order to have children who can be conveniently cared for or adequately catered for.
According to Gribbe, J. (2008), as cited in Mabel Oshomah's work, “family planning can be better explained as a situation where people have children by choice and not by change,” and the happiness of the family is directly proportional to the number of children a family has to cater for.
According to the World health Organization (WHO), a conceptive is a drug or device used to prevent a woman from becoming pregnant. This is sometimes referred to as birth control by the (FPA) Family Planning Association. It is discussed as a special device used to limit reproduction that prevents egg fertilization in the ovum by providing a safe and effective way to regulate womb fertility.
A family is a unit composed of a man, his wife, and their children. The man is the head of the family or home, and he plans and allocates resources in strategic areas that require development in the home. According to Gribble.J. (2008), if the size of the family determines the happiness of the family, then the male should make a viable decision because it may affect the health of the family and also look forward to having a family he can care for.
As a result, he has a role to play in family planning because no man would prefer spending his income on sickness or hospitalization and child feeding without proper education, entertainment, nutrition, and a home that is suitable and comfortable for the family.
He opined in Mathusian easy on population that population grows in arithmetic progression (2, 6, 8, 12, 24…) while food grows in geometric progression (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,…). This imposes a great deal of responsibility on family life. He went on to say that if population growth continues, there may be a food shortage.
According to Rosen and Conly (1998), “we see a need through family planning to prevent the health risk of frequent child birth and death associated with pregnancy and child birth in order to prevent the spread of sexually transmitted disease (STD), including HIV/aids.” Since Gen. Ibrahim Babagida's call to reduce Nigeria's population ratio, as well as poverty, inflation, and unemployment.
As a result, it becomes necessary for man to rebrand, structure, and plan or position all available resources in order to achieve maximum living standards of living by reducing the number of children through birth control fertility. FPN (1962). This he can accomplish by using male and female contraceptives, financing, advising, and also joining the government to promote the use of contraceptives in Nigeria and around the world.
The researcher hypothesized or identified the following research problems in the study;
i. When the number of children in the family is large, women are frequently blamed.
ii. Women frequently complain about a lack of support from their spouse or husband.
iii. Women do not discuss contraception or family planning with their spouse or husband until it results in an unwanted pregnancy.
THE STUDY'S OBJECTIVE
The study is intended to serve or investigate;
1. The male role in family planning
2. To determine the reasons for the poor application of contraceptive (family planning) methods in the study area.
3. Provide a solution or recommendation that will improve on the current use of contraceptive methods and further open the eyes of men to full participation in family planning.
QUESTIONS FOR RESEARCH
The following research questions have been proposed in order to measure effect and make valid judgments based on the study.
1. If the man is the head of the family and is in charge of getting the woman pregnant. So, why are women frequently blamed for having a large number of children in their families?
2. Does the husband provide adequate support for their wife's contraception or family planning?
3. In addition to advising the man to use a condom and a withdrawal method during sexual intercourse. Did the woman also advocate for other safe family planning and contraception methods?
THE STUDY'S IMPORTANCE
This study will produce recommendations that will serve as a wake-up call to males who are not actively involved in family planning by highlighting the need for me to encourage their wives to use family planning methods that are financially, emotionally, psychologically, and emotionally beneficial.
THE STUDY'S OBJECTIVE
This research will focus on Ugbowo (Noval Road, Technical Road, Uselu, Ediaken Primary School Road, and Army Barrack). Using a random sample of adult married couples.
Fertility is defined as the number of births per thousand women.
STD stands for sexually transmitted disease.
AIDS stands for acquired immune deficiency syndrome.
HIV is a human immune virus.
The population of a country is the number of people who live there.
Welfare is a state of being in good health and living comfortably. Also, the working condition.
Withdrawal: The pulling back of the penis from the vagina prior to ejaculation.
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MALE PARTICIPATION IN FAMILY PLANNING