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This study looked at men’s acceptability of condoms and abstinence methods of family planning. The study’s total population is 200 Ibadan residents. The researcher collected data using questionnaires as the instrument. This study used a descriptive survey research design. The study included 133 respondents who were civil servants, businessmen, elderly men, and youth. The collected data was organized into tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies.

Chapter One


The study’s context
For decades, the majority of family planning intervention programs and activities, as well as fertility regulation resources, have been geared toward women, while men’s active participation in family planning has been discouraged. In the African context, men are seen as decision-makers, “gatekeepers,” and custodians of cultural and traditional practices.

Despite these perceived male roles in families, few efforts have been made to include men in family planning programs. This could explain why Africa has become the continent with the fastest population growth (Ityai 2000). However, in recent years, there has been a greater emphasis on involving men in reproductive health and family planning.

Many contraceptive methods are available to women, men, and couples to help them plan their family and avoid an unplanned pregnancy. They should be aware that if they have sex on a regular basis and do not use a contraceptive method, approximately 8 out of every 10 women will become pregnant in the next 12 months. Different people have different expectations of a contraceptive method.

Some people want a method that guarantees there will be no pregnancy. Some women desire a rapid return to fertility in order to become pregnant soon after discontinuing a contraceptive method. Some people prefer not to think about contraception every time they have sex. Some people do not want to rely on their partner for the method’s success. Some women dislike having to remember to take a daily pill, while others find it simple.

Abstinence and condom use are two of three elements emphasized by major preventive programs emphasizing the ABC (abstain, be faithful, and use condoms) approach. The relative importance of abstinence and condom use in HIV prevention has been debated. Condoms are one of the most popular nonhormonal methods of contraception because they are inexpensive and simple to use.

Aside from abstinence, condoms are the only method that can provide some protection against STI. (They are one of the few contraceptives available to men to help prevent unintended pregnancy.) One disadvantage is that some people may be allergic to or irritated by the latex or spermicide used in the condom. If condoms irritate you, make sure to use non-spermicidally lubricated condoms.

Instead, use a water-based lube. Other drawbacks include reduced sensation and the need to stop sexual activity to put on a condom ( Of course, the only 100% effective method of preventing pregnancy is complete abstinence from penile-vaginal sexual contact. Some couples choose abstinence for religious or cultural reasons, others for medical reasons, and still others because it is the most effective way to avoid pregnancy and reduce exposure to sexually transmitted infections.

If you decide to abstain, keep in mind that any contact with sperm on or near a woman’s external genitals (e.g., labia, vulva) or inner thighs can result in pregnancy. Keep any ejaculate or pre-ejaculate away from these areas (

In the United States, the issue is complicated further by moral debates over the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), which emphasizes abstinence. We do not seek to engage in this debate; rather, we investigate behavioral changes in light of the AIDS threat and the inevitability of unwanted pregnancies.

Few non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have funded a few male family planning studies. As a result, there is an urgent need to understand men’s level of knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding family planning, as well as their level of responsibility in family formation and reproductive health.

The significance of this study is that it will provide updated baseline data, which will allow for the improvement and better functioning of family planning programs, as well as the inclusion of men in family planning and STD prevention.

The study’s statement

According to the Ministry of Health (Edmund, 1993), the problems encountered by the family planning program include a lack of male involvement and community mobilization, as well as a lack of communication skills among providers. Others include ineffective or poorly directed program support for information, education, and communication, as well as ineffective monitoring of program activities. Based on this, the researcher wishes to investigate men’s acceptance of condom and abstinence methods of family planning.

The study’s objective

The study’s goals are as follows:

To determine why men should participate in family planning
To investigate the link between contraceptive use and marital status.
To determine the best contraceptive method for men to use between condoms and abstinence.

Hypotheses for research

HO: Men should not participate in family planning.

Greetings: Men should be involved in family planning.

Hypothesis No. 2

HO: The condom is the most effective male contraceptive.

Hello, the best contraceptive for men to use is abstinence.

The study’s importance

The study will be extremely beneficial to students and their families. The study will provide a clear picture of men’s acceptance of condom and abstinence methods of family planning. The study will also provide advice on the best contraceptive for men to use in family planning. The study will also be used as a resource for other researchers who will be working on a similar topic.

The study’s scope and limitations

The study’s scope includes men’s acceptability of condom and abstinence methods of family planning. The researcher comes across a constraint that limits the scope of the study;

a) RESEARCH MATERIAL AVAILABILITY: The researcher’s research material is insufficient, limiting the scope of the study.
b) TIME: The study’s time frame does not allow for broader coverage because the researcher must balance other academic activities and examinations with the study.


Condoms are the most effective way to protect yourself from sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unwanted pregnancy. Condoms are a type of barrier contraception made of latex rubber, a synthetic rubber known as polyisoprene, or a thin plastic known as polyurethane.

Abstinence: Abstinence is a self-imposed restriction on engaging in bodily activities that are widely perceived as pleasurable. The term is most commonly used to refer to sexual abstinence or abstinence from alcohol, drugs, or food.

Family planning services are defined as “educational, comprehensive medical, or social activities that allow individuals, including minors, to freely determine the number and spacing of their children and to choose the means by which this can be accomplished.”

Prevents pregnancy by avoiding unprotected vaginal sex on the most fertile days. The couple avoids pregnancy by abstaining or using a condom during the first and last estimated fertile days, and by avoiding unprotected vaginal sex.



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