FACTORS AFFECTING MARRIAGE COMPATIBILITY IN MARRIED COUPLES
BACKGROUND OF THE study
Marriage is an important and fundamental human connection because it provides ten primary structures for building a family and raising children. According to the Bible, it began when man was formed and placed in the Garden of Eden. (Genesis 4:1-3). Adam and Eve, the first humans on Earth, desired themselves so much that they ended up procreating and had a family.
While marriage is defined as a union of men and women, recent literature reveals that marital harmony is difficult to attain, particularly in contemporary times. (Bruker & Kimberly, 1993). This implies that a higher number of marriages are associated with uncertainty, insecurity, and a lack of trust between the man and the woman.
The danger of ambiguity related with the problem of marital conflict has thus produced significant obstacles for marriage counsellors. According to (Owuamanam and Osankinta, 2005), some marriages fail before their first anniversary. Marital harmony is a complex process that has been thought to be influenced by a variety of factors over time, including education, socioeconomic status, love, commitment, marital communication, conflict, gender, length of marriage, the presence of children, sexual relations, and the division of labor, among others.(Hendrick & Hendrick, 1992:194).
If marriage is healthy and stable, and the couples are happy and living in harmony, the society will be well-built, with the family as its foundation. One of the most important objectives of modern marriages is to achieve marital harmony and a high degree of marital happiness at home.
Marital harmony can thus be defined as an individual's subjective experience of marriage in terms of when their needs are met and when their expectations and wishes are met. The way and manner in which spouses communicate at home, the presence of children, the influence of in-laws, the marriage bond, the fulfilment of sexual urges, and occupational differences are all factors that contribute to marital harmony.
Others include financial miscommunication, physical abuse, a lack of affection, and a lack of moral commitment. (Target, 1980). The phenomenon has also caused psychological and social instabilities among Babcock University staff, resulting in a lack of concentration in their work, absolute break-up, an increase in children's anti-social behavior, an increase in adultery among married women and men, and other irresponsible behaviour by both married men and women.
According to Neff and Karney (2002), when couples have children, there is a decline in harmony over home distribution and who should do which or what. As a marriage progresses, marital conflict is to be expected, as disillusionment causes the initial feelings of hope and contentment to fade.
For many, marital harmony has become a tool for measuring the success and stability of a marriage, and, by extension, personal fulfilment and well-being.
Because the ideal of marital harmony is so compelling, many spouses fool themselves about how well their marriage satisfies their own criterion for fulfilment. (Fowers, 1998:521). optimistic illusions about marriage occur when couples substantially underestimate their odds of divorce and make unrealistically optimistic claims about their partners. These delusions appear to assist spouses in believing that their marriage is approaching the goals to which they strive. (Fowers, 1998:521).
THEORY OF THE GENERAL PROBLEM
Family stability and harmony are critical to the growth and development of any society and nation. The family faces a variety of concerns, including psychological distress, a lack of financial resources to care for the children, communication problems between parents and children, and emotional problems and dissatisfaction, which result in depression, health problems, and an unfulfilled married life, among other issues.
Married couples face comparable uncomfortable situations, such as social assault from in-laws, the absence of children in marriage and homes, which leads to divorce, a lack of adequate communication between couples, and a breakdown in a solid marital relationship. Poor marriage relationships are on the rise in Nigeria, particularly among workers. All of these pose a severe danger to the country's social stability.
In Babcock University, where the majority of the staff are married men and women, and the increasing conflict and crisis of related family issues has spread to the offices and working environment, it has become critical to examine these issues and investigate possible solutions to the problem of marital disharmony. As a result, the primary problem addressed in this study is to identify the factors impacting marital harmony among married couples in the Babcock University community.
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
The study's primary goal is to investigate the factors that influence marital harmony among married couples in the Babcock university community. Other specific study objectives include:
To ascertain the significance of marital harmony among married couples in Nigeria.
To investigate the effect of marital satisfaction on marital harmony among Nigerian married couples.
To investigate the disadvantages of marital conflict in Nigerian families.
To make recommendations for strategies to improve marital harmony among married couples in Nigeria.
QUESTIONS FOR research
What variables influence marital harmony among Nigerian married couples?
What is the significance of marital harmony among Nigerian married couples?
What effect does marital satisfaction have on marital harmony among Nigerian married couples?
What are the drawbacks of marital dispute in Nigerian families?
How can married couples in Nigeria improve their marital harmony?
THEORY OF RESEARCH
H0: Marital pleasure has no effect on marital harmony in married couples.
H1: Marital happiness enhances marital harmony in married couples.
IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY
The study would be extremely useful to married couples in Nigeria, marriage therapists/counselors, and other stakeholders since it will show the elements that influence marital harmony among married couples in Nigeria. The study would also be useful to students, researchers, and academics who are interested in conducting additional research on the issue.
SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The research is limited to the factors that influence marital harmony among married couples in the Babcock University community in Ogun State.
LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
Financial constraint- Inadequate funding tends to hamper the researcher's efficiency in locating relevant materials, literature, or information, as well as in the data gathering procedure. (internet, questionnaire and interview).
Time constraint- The researcher will conduct this investigation alongside other academic activities. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.