THE IMPORTANCE OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING IN secondary schools
THE IMPORTANCE OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING IN secondary SCHOOLS
The purpose of this research is to determine the role of guidance and counselling services in secondary schools in Edo State's Oredo local Government Area. As a result, a variety of hypotheses have evolved, including.
1. Inadequate facilities and supplies for school guidance and counselling centres.
2. A lack of qualified staff hampered the organisation of secondary school guidance and counselling programmes.
3. Another reason for the absence of guidance and counselling facilities in secondary schools in the local government area is a lack of funds to provide the resources required for effective organisation of guidance and counselling services.
4. Another factor for the absence of guidance and counselling units in secondary schools is a lack of awareness among parents and teachers about the value of guiding and counselling services.
5. The government's indifferent attitude regarding the secondary school guidance and counselling project also serves as a hindrance to the proper implementation of secondary school guidance and counselling services.
The questionnaire was the primary data gathering instrument in this study. To investigate the validity of the aforementioned hypothesis, questionnaires were distributed to one hundred teachers from five (5) randomly selected schools in Edo State's Oredo local government area.
According to the comments of the respondents, the value of guiding and counselling services cannot be overstated.
1.1 INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY
Guidance and counselling, as the name implies, is the mode and conduct by which an individual or a group of individuals assist in the aspect of coordination, which leads to efficiency in a given state or policy for the upkeep of the future, in a situation where people were traditionally guided through the use of “Ikoro” ‘Ekwe' or what we refer to as “talking drum”.
This is due to the fact that once people hear their sounds, everyone pays attention and listens, because essential information laws, rules, and relationships are usually formed through such means. These ancient ways of communication have shown to be very effective components for societal guidance.
Other forms of guidance emerged as a result of urbanisation and complexity, such as the mass media, which includes television, radio, newspapers, and magazines. Through these organs, relevant and significant information is given to society, and citizens are supposed to be aware of their rights and wrongs, ensuring that rules and regulations are followed.
People are also guided within the school system through the use of notice boards, college bulletins, timetables, curriculum, publications, bell posters, and various forms of handbooks. Furthermore, within the household, children are steered by parental verbal engagement and the employment of positive and negative reinforcement to preserve order and discipline.
Aside from that, when a person with minor difficulties leaves his or her home to see a medicine man, known as “Debia” in Jos and “baba-Ade” in Yoruba.
He is convinced that the medicine man, with his charms and amulets, will guide him to recovery by instructing him on how to combine and use a concoction he has made. People could also be guided by their intuition.
Many philosophers believed that through using intuitive talents, people may reach high philosophical standards that would govern their attitudes, values, norms, and emotions.
The preceding explanation indicates that guidance has occurred within our society, but revealed that such guidance aims at achieving one's needs and desires.
It also indicates that such guidance is more compulsive and regimented, and thus does not allow for one's cognitive restructuring or idea transformation. The traditional direction has been weakened by modernisation and industrialization.
As a result, the old concept of leading is incapable of dealing with much of modern society's complexity. Because of the shortcomings in the conventional notion of guiding, the above definition must be provided in order to align its aims and purposes with the complexities of current society, particularly as they apply to our school system.
“Guidance and counselling” are inseparable twin words, however for the purposes of this study, “guidance” is derived from the Greek word guide, which means to direct, lead, guide, pilot, aid, show, inform, control advice, help, teachers give the facts, and instruct.
Mr. Eduwen (1994) defined guidance as a process of assisting individuals to understand themselves and their surroundings, while counselling is defined as the interaction between a trained personnel (the counsellor) and a troubled individual (the Counsellee) for the purpose of assisting the Counsellee to resolve his or her problems or crisis.
The history and development of guidance and counselling as a formal educational service within the system began in the late 1950s, when a group of revered sisters of the saint enlisted the help of twenty outsiders from various walks of life to advise the sixty outgoing students on the nature of the various jobs in order to direct their career choice through the talks.
In the following year, a group of twenty gathered on a regular basis and resolved to cater not just to schools, but also to other schools in Ibadan and its vicinity.
Later, principals of schools, as well as representatives from the ministries of education, health, trade, industry, and labour, were invited to a meeting in October 1961 to inaugurate the Ibadan Career Council, which later became the nucleus of what was then known as “The Nigerian Career Council.”
As the council's operations expanded throughout Nigeria, the name Counselling Associated of Nigeria (CAN) was adopted. By organising workshops, conferences, seminars, and symposiums, the organisation has been very beneficial in the development of guide services in Nigeria.
They launched a publication called “the counsellor,” which has resulted in the formation of guidance units by the federal and state ministries of education.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
Guidance and counselling services are critical at all levels of education. Unfortunately, there has been no career in any secondary school in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State, and as a result, kids are unable to recognise their skills because the new educational system exposes them to a variety of careers.
Furthermore, many students are unaware of the value of education and do not take use of their surroundings. This is because they are led to manipulate the surroundings. This is because they are led to manipulate the resources around them and hence never take their education seriously.
The nation is also present among parents and school leaders who understand the importance of education, but that is not all. In reality, the goal of education will be defeated if pupils are unable to choose a vocation of interest while in school.
In reality, the presence of counselling and counselling in our schools will significantly reduce dropout rates, juvenile delinquency, armed robbery, and other societal problems.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The primary goal of this research is to determine the role of guidance and counselling in secondary schools in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State. Growing children require a variety of guidance and counselling services, ranging from jealousy to envy, urbanisation, industrialization, moral rejection of our philosophers, and cultures of refusal to attend school among adolescents.
The study also aims to investigate the extent to which the role of guidance and counselling centres in secondary schools in Edo State's Oredo local government will aid in minimising or eliminating behavioural, emotional, psychological, social, academic, and financial problems among students.
All of these issues have the potential to cripple any developing country, and as such, the role of guidance services in our secondary schools will contribute significantly to reducing the crime wave.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The significance of this study is multifaceted, including assisting the child in developing and increasing self-awareness and comprehension of the relationship between his abilities, interests, personality, achievement, and opportunities.
The research will aid in the socialisation process and increase awareness to the needs of others. To foster social interest and a sense of belonging. It will aid in the development of the child's sense of purpose and responsibility.
The research will aid in the development of a general attitude and conceptions regarding self-adequacy and self-acceptance, as well as the bravery to perform in life's tasks. From the parents' point of view, this child's relationships and challenges in the household setting.
Furthermore, it will assist them in developing realistic ideas about their children's development in relation to their potential. Above all, it will assist families in better understanding their children's education, social advancement, and issues.
This study will assist teachers in stimulating and promoting the usage of guiding processes, hence enhancing the utilisation of meaningful children personal data. It will assist him in promoting early identification of students' advantages and capabilities, as well as liabilities.
It will assist him in developing an understanding of the significance of the preparation and involvement process as a critical idea that results in a purposeful educational experience. It will also assist him in reconciling his individuality with the expectations of the school and society.
The study will assist the country discover talented youths and nurture them to the optimal degree of social, educational, and economic growth at all levels of government.
A sure process of establishing a scientific and technical society is advising young people to seek the proper form of education in which there is no overpopulation of some manpower demands and under-production of other aspects of manpower needs.
Furthermore, practising counsellors and teachers will find the findings of this study valuable in carrying out their tasks. Above all, the researcher expects that the findings of this study would assist educational planners and the government in recognising the need for guidance and counselling services in secondary schools in Edo State's Oredo local government.
This study will investigate the following research questions:
1. Is the absence of suitable facilities and materials for guidance and counselling a barrier to the creation of guidance and counselling centres in secondary schools?
2. Has a lack of skilled staff hampered the organisation of guidance and counselling services in secondary schools in Edo State's Oredo local government area?
3. Is there a lack of funds to supply the resources required for effective organisation of guidance and counselling services in secondary schools in the local government area?
4. Does the government's nonchalant attitude towards the guidance and counselling programme in secondary schools also serve as a hindrance to the efficient implementation of guidance and counselling services in secondary schools in Edo State's Oredo local government area?