The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between counseling and the selection of vocational subjects by high school seniors. Students of SS I at public and private schools of Uhunmwode Local Government Area, Edo State, were surveyed using questionnaires.
Used were a total of 100 questionnaires (25 from each of four schools). Our analysis revealed that students who were unable to identify a suitable professional path for their future employment were provided with the most effective career guidance.
The student was able to choose the ideal career based on his talents, interests, and personality type at the conclusion of the counseling session.
CONTEXT OF THE STUDY
In a country with a low level of technical knowledge, vocational education is an essential component; its key goals are training and imparting the required skills to those who will be economically independent. It provides the technical knowledge and skills required for agricultural, commercial, and economic development, as well as the provision of manpower in applied science, technology, and business, particularly at the art craft, advanced art craft, and technical level.
According to Obudo (2007), high school vocational education is meant to provide pupils with a comprehensive vocational education. In order to achieve its objectives, the national policy on education (2004) stipulated that students who graduate from junior secondary school, technical college, and act of junior training centre and apprenticeship scheme, and are then streamed, shall have their academic ability, attitude, and vocational interest determined based on the results of a text.
Available self-exploration, interest, and reliable information prevent the achievement of the stated objectives. The majority of senior secondary school students in Nigeria struggle with conflicts, interest conformity, and dissatisfaction in meeting the requirements of their studies, particularly vocational ones.
Such issues could occasionally result in poor academic achievement or failure in life. Counseling, sex, position, of parents, prestige associated to the profession, school subject, and interest are known to have a significant impact on the academic performance of kids, especially when it comes to the selection of a vocational subject.
In this instance, the senior secondary school subject should be prepared to address the demands of an ever-evolving labor market, and vocational development should be a top emphasis. However, if left unguided in the selection of vocational education, particularly some young people will make the wrong decision and regret it for the rest of their lives, whereas the right choice will result in a happy, fulfilled, and progressive individual, whereas the wrong choice may make the individual’s future progress bitter or difficult.
Strong (1994) compared interest and ability to a motor and a boat. According to him, interest defines the field interest or decision on a work, allowing a less able individual to do as well as or better than an interested or able individual.
Counseling and choosing pattern played a crucial role in evaluating the overall performance in vocational topics, as evidenced by the preceding. This demonstrates that vocational counseling and choice pattern have a significant impact on the selection of vocational subject.
Sensitization continues to go the extra mile to improve their performance. As may be seen with some unguided students, whose performance is inferior to that of guided students, guided students perform significantly better than their counterparts in their vocational disciplines.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
The majority of senior secondary schools in Nigeria have obstacles, difficulties, and uncertainty when adapting to the requirements of their selected course, particularly vocational courses in institutions of higher education.
The difficulties frequently encountered may ultimately result in poor performance and academic achievement; therefore, it is essential to determine the effect of counseling on the choice pattern of vocational subjects among senior secondary school students in Uhunmwode Local Government Area, Edo State.
What factors determine the pattern of vocational subject selection?
When selecting vocational subjects, do you (students) perform well?
Does counseling have a positive influence on students?
4. What kind of guidance do you (students) receive in high school?
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The primary objective of this study is to examine the relationship between counseling and the selection of vocational subjects by senior secondary school students.
If the pupils chose vocational subjects favorably, this is a positive indicator.
What factors (gender and parental education) influence the pattern of occupational subject selection?
If senior secondary school pupils properly value counseling,
THE IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY
Choosing a course of study is one of the most important topics to debate, since the wrong decision can be disastrous for both the individual and society. Therefore, the outcomes of this study will benefit students, counselors, and educational planners. Experts in counseling have demonstrated that a person can be stimulated into any appropriate employment by sheer absence of information, but the sensible selection of a profession requires proper information about the available occupations. The purpose of this is to demonstrate the impact of career counseling on the academic performance and accomplishments of students. In addition, it will be useful to understand how characteristics such as decision pattern, gender, and parental education affect the performance and competency of students. Students’ motivation and general performance are influenced by their self-esteem, autonomy, and sense of fulfillment.
It will also assist teachers, counselors, mentors, and collaborators in guiding students through the process of self-actualization and producing competent and reputable manpower for the nation’s development.
SCOPE OF THE RESEARCH
The study will examine the impact of guidance and the pattern of vocational subject selection among senior secondary school students in Uhunmwode Local Government Area, Edo State. Students from the first year of senior secondary school (SS1) will be used. Only public schools in the Uhunmwode local government area of Edo State’s Uhunmwode local government region will be utilized for this class.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Vocational performance: Refers to preferring or enjoying a particular employment more than others performance are frequently averted expressions of interest. Interest is the driving factor that motivates someone to desire to study, learn, or perform something.
Vocational education refers to an aspect of education that is primarily concerned with the preparation of individuals for skill performance on tasks. It is also a form of training or retraining that aims to make learners more productive through improved performance in paid employment or self-employment.
Counseling; Refers to all types of information about jobs, their entry requirements, and the selection of pertinent subjects provided to help individuals make informed judgments. Includes society staff education assistance and vocational counselling.
Choice is both the act of choosing between two or more alternatives and the range or number of options from which to pick.
Pattern refers to a recurring manner in which something occurs or is performed.
Educational planners are professionals in charge of designing the educational system for the benefit of the individual and society as a whole; they are also referred to as curriculum experts.
Occupation is defined as the type of work or profession that a person holds.
Vocational topic refers to our field of study that is closely tied to a vocational occupation, where a significant portion of the curriculum is devoted to the acquisition of specific skills that students are expected to employ immediately after graduation.
Curriculum: According to Taylor (1965), curriculum can be defined as all the learning of students that is planned and directed by the school to achieve its educational goals; in other words, curriculum encompasses all the learning experiences that are given to a person or pupil in order for him to develop character, skills, and learning and become useful to himself and meaningfully contribute to his family, town (community), nation, and world.