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STUDY OF NEGATIVE INFLUENCE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ON STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN JALINGO METROPOLIS

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STUDY OF NEGATIVE OF N TECHNOLOGY ON STUDENT ACADEMIC OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN JALINGO METROPOLIS

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Information Technology (IT) has become part of everyday activities and includes the internet, social networking sites, e-mail, the mobile phone, CD-ROM, DVD, handheld personal devices, and an ever-growing array of new technological inventions. ICTs are powerful tools that can increase access to improved and quality education (Ifijeh, Michael Onuoha, Ilogho and Osinulu, 2015). Institutions of learning and development look to ICT to assist in finding ways to improve students’ learning effectively.

This is as a result of the elastic effect it exhibits in improvement efforts around the world, especially in the education sector. ICT has changed the way people communicate, learn, and conduct businesses. It can help in tackling development and learning challenges in many ways.

These involves helping information and knowledge to travel faster and farther, assisting information and knowledge distribution on a large scale majorly in the education sector, making provision just-in-time information and knowledge for learning, bringing about revolutionary advances in teaching and learning, significantly reducing learning costs, among others. In the education system, ICTs are being deployed with the aim of aiding students’ academic achievements and employability in the long run.

Enhanced and contemporary education in developing countries such as Nigeria gives the assurance of reasonable employment for graduates, rising towards a knowledge-based economy, and speedy national growth economically (Olson, Codde, deMaagd, Tarkleson, Sinclair, Yook and Egidio, 2011).

However, Nigeria as an African country have been noticed to lag behind other developing countries in educational achievement and other areas of the man power development needed in the knowledge-based and global economy. Secondary schools in Nigeria are underperforming (Olson et al., 2011).

As a result, there is need for development methods in the adoption of ICT that would improve the development of the education sector in Nigeria. It has been noted that ICT has played a central role in young people’s rise to prominence on a global scale and has helped them mobilize and collaborate.

In addition, youths including those in secondary school levels are rising to the challenge by engineering the use of ICT.  While the good news is that young people are using ICT to enhance their development as it is in developed countries, the challenge is to inspire them to use it to change their world positively.

According to Ifijeh et al. (2015) affirmed that for majority of students, the invention of ICT like the mobile phones, and other smart devices such as digital readers and the internet has greatly improved  interpersonal communication and education.

It is necessary to draw attention to the truth that the adoption and ues of ICT among secondary school students has done more harms than good. In Nigeria, some of the undesirable side effects of mobile phone use include

“Extra cool”- a term coined for the use of mobile phones in the night around 12.30am because the tariff is free or very low; indiscriminate use of phones in public places such as on the highways, in hospitals, while driving, in churches and even in rooms.

These have brought about many problems in the society and even death, mostly when driving while using the phones. Alaba (2011) stated that active steps have been made at inculcating socially acceptable mobile phone etiquette among the youths but to no or little effect. Nigeria as a developing country adopted mobile technology with happiness. But the joy soon began to dissipate due to myriad problems associated with the use of mobile phone by students in schools.

Indiscipline, examination malpractices and mobile bullying (Alaba, 2011) erupted.  Srivastava (2005) stated that the innovation of mobile phone in schools have lead to concerns for lack of discipline in the room.

Ling (2000) also stated that the use of ICT in schools by students is a great disadvantage which can lead to low achievement of the goals and objectives of schools and in extension the Nigerian education sector. Ishii (2011) stated that ICT does more harm to school students than it aids in improving educational aims and objectives with respect to students having them.

This has led many governments to seek methods of shielding young people and students from poisonous information gotten through ICT and also cyber bullying. Also, Ishii (2011) stated that youths who use mobile phones are more prone to juvenile delinquency than those who do not.

This means that ICT use among students and youths can lead to serious multiple problems in the community and society. The problem of Juvenile delinquency among youths and students has been linked to issues such as family, community, educational and societal problems (Ramirez, 2008).

Based on this, Duncan, Hoekstra and Wilcox (2012) opined that ICT gadgets such as mobile phones, laptops, internets, among others may be more likely to steal students attention in a room setting, therefore, disrupting the objectives and purpose of education. Toomey (2013) stated that technology can have a negative effect on students’ focus and learning attitude and so be a risk factor for ICT in the learning environment.

Such negative effects on focus include imagining if anyone commented on their post, or wondering if their friends responded to the text message they sent few minutes ago.

According to Brian who claims that lots teens have issues when they try to leave without mobile phones or gadgets. In his study, students had to do away with their phones and electronic media for 24 hours. The outcome showed that students experienced differences in their bodies or emotions that are signals of possible addiction to ICTs.

Those involved thought they heard their phone ring or vibrate, even when it wasn’t with them. They had strong cravings to reach for their phone to check missed messages or calls. Also, people were fidgeting and unable to be still, in addition to feeling anxious, worried and lonely- thus, another major problem of ICT is addiction among students, which at the long run may affect their academic performance and achievements.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The proposed research framework of this study addresses social consequences of the deployment of ICTs, however this time among students and youths. According to Clarke (2010), the use of new technology in ways never originally envisaged has negative consequences for society.

These negative social consequences arise through providing young children with new communications facilities without having a clear understanding of their needs for communication or their ability to deal with such new ICTs or communications channels, or how to encourage the positive usage and to discourage, or prevent usage leading to negative social consequences.

Today’s ICTs are about to be replaced and surpassed by a new range of communication technological products and services. The next generation of ICT products and services will extend the power, reach, and universality of interworking and internetworking products.

Pervasive and ubiquitous computing products, embedded and wearable communicating devices, and ad hoc networking technologies will bring a paradigm shift greater than that precipitated by the present ICTs such as the mobile phone, and also the complementary use of the internet and the mobile phone (Clarke, 2010).

If these major problems and negative consequences, effects, and uses are not dealt with now, they will increase in a geometric progression that would outweigh the benefits of ICTs, thus affecting development in the long run. To this effect, this study investigates the negative use of ICTs and its implication on students, the education system, the community, and the nation.

1.3 AIMS OF THE STUDY                     

The major purpose of this study is to examine the study on negative influence of information on student academic performance of . Other general objectives of the study are:

1. To examine the ICT gadgets available to in Nigeria.

2. To examine the negative uses to which students put ICT gadgets at their disposal.

3. To examine the negative influence of information technology on student’s academic performance in selected in Jalingo Metropolis.

4. To examine the students beliefs about and attitudes toward the use of ICTs.

5. To examine the relationship between information technology gadgets usage and students academic performance.

6. To proffer possible solutions that will reduce the negative use and effect of Information Communication Technology on secondary student in Nigeria.

1.4 QUESTIONS

1. To examine the ICT gadgets available to in Nigeria.

2. To examine the negative uses to which students put ICT gadgets at their disposal.

3. To examine the negative influence of information technology on student’s academic performance in selected in Jalingo Metropolis.

4. To examine the students beliefs about and attitudes toward the use of ICTs.

5. To examine the relationship between information technology gadgets usage and students academic performance.

6. To proffer possible solutions that will reduce the negative use and effect of Information Communication Technology on secondary student in Nigeria.

1.5  HYPOTHESES

Hypothesis 1

    1. There is no significant negative influence of information technology on student’s academic performance.

 

    1. There is a significant negative influence of information technology on student’s academic performance

 

Hypothesis 2

    1. There is no significant relationship between information technology gadgets usage and students academic performance.

 

    1. There is a significant relationship between information technology gadgets usage and students academic performance.

 

1.6 SIGNIFICA OF THE STUDY

The study findings will be of immense importance in educating the parents, teachers and the students on the negative impact of these technologies on the lives of the children and students which in turn affect the country at large by reducing the academic standard of students produced in the various institutions of learning within the country. The study shall therefore serve as a reference for further research.

1.7    SCOPE OF THE STUDY 

The study is based on the study on negative influence of information on student academic performance of in Jalingo Metropolis

1.8 LIMITATION OF STUDY

Financial constraint– Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint– The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the .

1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS

Performance: Performance according to Microsoft Encarta dictionary, (2009) refers to working effectiveness: the way in which somebody does a job, judged by its effectiveness. Performance also means, “accomplishment of something: the act of carrying out or accomplishing something such as a task or action”.

In this study, Academic performance refers to students SSCE, and NECO examinations outcome‟. While academic activities refers to students outside es activities including extra lessons, tutorial, their attendance of library and their reading at home.

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STUDY OF NEGATIVE INFLUENCE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ON STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN JALINGO METROPOLIS

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