ADULT EDUCATION FUNDING IMPACTS
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE study
Education is still the most important factor in human progress. It is regarded as the driving force behind genuine progress in all human societies. Any educational system's goal is to provide or develop a balanced individual capable of surviving in his environment and meaningfully contributing to the survival of the society to which he belongs.
Adult education is one of the primary professions capable of addressing adults' socioeconomic, cultural, political, and environmental concerns. Adult education's achievement in meeting the goals outlined in the National Policy on Education (2004) cannot be overstated.
Adult education, more than any other profession, affects the social and psychological minds of adults, restores lost hope, and liberates them from the stereotype that they are not capable of learning.
Adult education arouses adult learners' environmental (social, economic, cultural, and political) and psychological potentials and hidden abilities. It also has a huge impact on the greater society in terms of national growth. Adult education continues where the instructor in the official school system leaves off, instilling in the individual a strong desire for information, understanding, and education.
According to Fasokun (2006), adult education is concerned with helping/assisting people (adults) to live more successfully as useful and accepted members of their societies and to contribute meaningfully to the development of those societies.
Adult education educates adult learners who are parents/guardians on better ways to manage available resources in order to achieve sociopolitical and economic success in their life endeavours, as well as making referrals to assist other individual personalities and institutions in dealing with human problems and the society in which they find themselves.
Adult education, more than any other profession, bridges the gap between adult learners, communities, and policymakers in human civilizations. The adult educator is aware of the issues that impede successful adult teaching/learning and good management of the adult education business.
Adult education is the only profession that effectively aids adult learners in their endeavours to learn. According to Okafor (1991), adequate knowledge of the basic principles of teaching and learning, as well as the skills to apply those principles in a teaching/learning situation.
Adequate knowledge of the learner and the factors that determine the quality of the learner's response in the educative process, adequate knowledge of the value constructs that motivate the learner, and the capacity to assist the learner in acquiring necessary attitudes and changing negative ones.
The preceding claim demonstrates that adult education is a distinct profession. Adult education, unlike any other profession, deals with “adult human materials” and environmental issues that give the individual a sense of delight, interest, pride, and enthusiasm.
Working with “adults” creates long-lasting and infectious impressions in adult learners, resulting in the practical realisation of theoretical formulations inherent in adult education. Unfortunately, adult educators in adult literacy centres are paid insufficiently for their services and work in a decrepit and uninspiring environment lacking the necessary teaching/learning facilities.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Adult education is critical to societal progress. It is now universally acknowledged that growth will not alleviate poverty unless impoverished people can actively participate in it. Adult education can help to make such engagement more successful.
Most of the issues that adult learning centres may face stem from the government's failure to provide resources (both financial and motivational through regular meetings) to these centres, consequently discouraging adults from learning. Finally, various studies on adult education have been conducted, but not a single study on the effect of funding adult education in Rivers State.
1.3 GOALS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The primary goal of the research is to identify the impact of funding for adult education. Other specific study objectives include:
1. to identify the elements influencing adult education in Rivers State.
2. to ascertain the extent to which funding influences adult education.
3. To assess the significance of adult education in Rivers State.
4. to ascertain the difficulties in funding adult education in Rivers state.
5. to suggest viable answers to difficulties.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1. What factors are influencing adult education in Rivers State?
2. How much influence does money have on adult education?
3. What is the significance of adult education in Rivers State?
4. What are the challenges of funding adult education in Rivers state?
5. What are some viable solutions to the problems?
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
H0 funding has no discernible impact on adult education in River State.
H1: Funding has a substantial impact on Adult Education in River State.
1.6 IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY
The study on the effects of funding adult education will be of enormous benefit to the entire River State Government in the sense that it will enable the government to put up good structures, teaching and learning materials that will encourage adults to learn, which is extremely important because it provides adults with the necessary skills, attitudes, knowledge, values, and beliefs to trigger social and economic development in any society.
More importantly, adult education increases labour productivity by providing various categories of recipients with essential literacy and numeracy skills, as well as knowledge of health care, sanitation, and nutrition that improves people's standard of living; and relevant skills to improve productivity.
Finally, the study will add to the body of existing literature and knowledge in this field of study, as well as serve as a foundation for future research.
1.7 SCOPE OF STUUDY
The study on the effects of funding Adult Education is limited to River State adult education centres.
1.8 LIMITATIONS OF STUDY
Financial constraint- A lack of funds tends to restrict the researcher's efficiency in locating relevant materials, literature, or information, as well as in the data collection procedure (internet, questionnaire, and interview).
Time constraint- The researcher will conduct this investigation alongside other academic activities. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.
1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Effects are changes that occur as a result of an action or other cause.
The act of providing financial resources, usually in the form of money, or other assets such as work or time, to finance a need, programme, or project, usually by an organisation or company, is known as funding.
Adult education is the practise of adults engaging in systematic and continuous self-education activities in order to acquire new types of information, skills, attitudes, or values.