THE influence OF POLITICAL CRISIS ON RURAL DEVELOPMENT
THE INFLUENCE OF POLITICAL CRISIS ON RURAL DEVELOPMENT
The paper goes over what a political crisis is, what produces it, what impacts it has, and how it can be avoided.
The project is divided into five chapters, the first of which deals with the general overview of the study, the relevance of the study, the research proposition, the scope, the delimitation of the study, the limitation of the investigation, and the definition of concepts.
The second chapter is devoted to a review of related literature. This will provide the researcher with insight into other writers' previous approaches to the problem.
The third chapter discusses the researcher's data collection methods, the population involved, the procedures used, and data analysis methods.
The fourth chapter is about data display and analysis.
The fifth chapter includes a summary, conclusion, recommendation, bibliography, and appendix.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY.
Political crises is a worldwide phenomena. Individuals and groups throughout history have resulted in crisis or its potential use as a political action in one form or another. It does not, however, have a consistent definition; it is dependent on how it is presented.
Political crises occur on a regular basis in Nigeria and around the world. For many years, the study of the consequences of political crisis on rural development was given comparatively minimal discussion in social science literature, both by groups in power and by groups in the process of losing power.
However, many political theorists have come to recognise crisis as a dimension of both national and international politics over the years. That is, current political scientists are more aware that crises and other forms of civil strife are constantly related with the exercise of power at all levels of political interaction.
This paper investigates the consequences of political instability on rural development in Benue state, using Tarka local government area as a case study and with special reference to it.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM.
The goal of this study is to examine and suggest potential solutions to the problem of political crisis, which is common in the Nigerian political landscape in general and particularly in Tarka local government area.
It is distressing to learn that in recent times of political upheaval in Tarka local government area, genuine rural development efforts have been utterly destroyed. These social vices have infiltrated so deeply into the social, economic, and political fortunes that addressing them appears to be near impossible.
As a result, the researcher posed these questions.
(i) What variables contribute to the frequency of political crises in the Tarka local government area?
(ii) How has the political turmoil affected Tarka Local Government Area's rural development efforts?
(iii) What steps must be taken to alleviate the political crisis?
Because of the negative tendencies that follow political crises, this study is motivated to investigate and determine the consequences of political crises on rural development and how they might be alleviated.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY.
The following goals will be pursued by this research:
(i) To identify the origins and consequences of the political crisis on rural development.
(ii) To inform the Benue State Government about the hazards of political crises so that policies can be implemented to mitigate the tendency.
(iii) To expose the people of Benue state's Tarka local government area to the impacts of political turmoil in order to resolve political disputes amicably.
1.3 RESEARCH PROPOSITIONS
The investigation generated the following propositions to assist her in validating her findings:
(i) The political crisis has an impact on rural political involvement.
(ii) The political situation impedes rural development and puts prospective investors off.
(iii) Ineffective leadership contributes to political catastrophe.
(iv) The Tarka local government's attitude and character are to blame for the area's political problems.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY.
This study is extremely important for the following reasons:
(i) It will add to the body of current information, allowing policymakers and implementers to develop and implement policies that will lessen political crises in Tarka and Benue state in general.
(iii) It will shed light on the extent to which the political turmoil affects rural development, particularly in Tarka, Benue state.
(iv) It would also help to discover and reveal the many causes of the political problem in Tarka and, in particular, Benue state.
1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY.
This research will look into the presence of ten (10) council wards in the Tarka local government region. The study looks at the consequences of political crises on rural development in the specified local government region from 1999 to 2013.
This period is significant to the researcher since it is during this time that this problem assumed, and appeared dimension in the area under study.
1.6 DEFINITION OF CONCEPTS
i. The Concept of Crisis: “Crisis or Violence” concepts specify any particular commonly recognised meanings. The idea is sometimes used as a “catch-all” for any type of protest, militancy, or compulsion that a given observation is afraid to condemn (Tilley 1778:174).
The common conceptualization of force and crisis or violence tends to confuse the distinction between “Legality”, Legitimacy, and specific acts. For example, force is often taken to mean a government's legal and legitimate use of crisis for the protection of the state, whereas crisis is interpreted as illegal and illegitimate acts carried out by non-governmental individuals and groups.
However, for the purposes of this study, we will define political crisis as the use of a threat or physical act by individuals within a political system against other individuals and property with the intent to cause injury or death to persons and damage or destruction to property, and whose objectives, choice, or target or victims.
Circumstances, implementation, and outcomes have political relevance since they tend to affect the behaviours of others in the existing arrangement or power structure, which has some ramifications for the political system.
Economic crisis is defined as the process through which people's financial situation deteriorates to the point of difficulties, danger, penury, or destitution, and properties are robbed by those with selfish ambition.
Economic crisis is also a time when the state's revenue is syphoned off by persons with personalities or animosity.
A social crisis is a period in which the congregation's gratitude is managed by items and terrorists. People are finding it difficult to worship their creator during this time period.
According to our working definition, a political crisis is defined as a process of value distribution carried out by specific individuals within institutions.
The sorts of crises explored in the paper include party confrontations, political protests involving violence, looting, arson, and political assassinations.
ii. The Concept of Rural Development: There is no universally accepted definition of rural development, owing to confusion in the concept of development itself; however, Seers (1969) proposed that the concept involves the doctrine of eradicating poverty, unemployment, and inequality in rural areas.
Rural development, according to our research, is a process centred on the improvement and transformation of rural dwellers' social, mental, economic, institutional, and environmental conditions through the mobilisation and rational utilisation of their human, material, and institutional resources in order to enhance their capacities to cope with the daily taste and demands of modern times.
1,7 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
A study of this sort necessitates sufficient financial resources as well as suitable time. However, the study's major limitation is a lack of financial, material, and time resources.
One hundred fifty (150) questionnaires were issued, and about one hundred twenty three (123) were returned. Sixty people were interviewed, including Ibasue Zaki, a well-known resident of Tarka local government area in Wannune.