1.1. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
1.2. STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Classroom management is a multi-faceted activity and extends beyond the traditional behaviour management techniques recommended to deal with students with disruptive behaviour. Teachers should develop caring, supportive relationships with and among students; organize and implement instruction in ways that optimize students’ access to learning; they may use group management methods that encourage student engagement with academic tasks; promote the development of student social skills and self regulation; and use appropriate interventions to assist students who have behaviour problems. The importance of good classroom management in the realization of the objectives of education cannot be over emphasized. Teaching and learning is very embracing involving a wide range of activities such as writing on chalkboard, discussing with students, demonstrating a procedure, supervising student’s class work, reading and marking assignments. Good classroom environment with good desks and seats well spaced out, well ventilated, good lighting, good ceiling and roof and smooth floor enhances effective teaching and learning. When the classroom environment provides students what they need, equilibrium occurs but when the classroom environment does not, there is disequilibrium. The researcher has observed that most science and technical colleges in Benue State, the classroom are over populated. In most of these schools, a teacher student’s ratio of 1:80 is evidenced. The national policy on education revised (2014) recommended a teacher-student’s ratio of 1:40 for normal or regular school. Besides, research has revealed an increasing rate of behaviour problems among secondary school students during lessons (Yaduma and Abdulhamid, 2007).The main thrust of this study is to identify the effective classroom management techniques for science and technical colleges in Zone A senatorial district of Benue State, Nigeria in view of the implication of the overwhelming teacher-student’s ratio.
1.3 AIMS OF THE STUDY
The major purpose of this study is to examine strategies for overcoming poor classroom management and control. Other general objectives of the study are:
- To examine the concept of classroom management.
- To examine the influence of teachers’ beliefs on classroom management
- To examine the impact of effective classroom management strategies on students academic achievement.
- To examine the strategies used by teachers to control classroom undesirable behaviours among the students in Science and Technical colleges.
- To examine the relationship between strategies for overcoming poor classroom management and students academic achievement.
- To proffer suggestions on how teachers can be familiar with effective classroom management strategies.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
- What is the concept of classroom management?
- How is the influence of teachers’ beliefs on classroom management?
- What are the impacts of effective classroom management strategies on student’s academic achievement?
- What are the strategies used by teachers to control classroom undesirable behaviours among the students in Science and Technical colleges?
- What is the relationship between strategies for overcoming poor classroom management and students academic achievement?
- What are the suggestions on how teachers can be familiar with effective classroom management strategies?
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
H0: There is no significant impact of effective classroom management strategies on student’s academic achievement
H1: There is a significant impact of effective classroom management strategies on student’s academic achievement
H0: There is no significant relationship between strategies for overcoming poor classroom management and students academic achievement.
H1: There is a significant relationship between strategies for overcoming poor classroom management and students academic achievement.
A major concern in schools is to increase student achievement. One way to do this is to focus on classroom environment with the teacher at the centre which will influence student achievement and create the best environment in which to facilitate learning and engage students. The study is therefore significant for the following reasons:
• This study will be useful to both teachers and students who would want to know the factors that could make or mar student’s academic performance.
• Understanding classroom climate variables will allow for professional development for teachers to focus on areas to increase student achievement.
• Lastly, understanding the importance of teachers and their impact on student performance will help school administrators at science and technical colleges retrain teachers to make them understand classroom management strategies and control.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study is based on strategies for overcoming poor classroom management and control, a case study of science and technical colleges in Zone A Senatorial District of Benue state.
1.8 LIMITATION OF STUDY
Financial constraint– Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
Time constraint– The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Science: The intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the structure and behaviour of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment.
Classrooms: A classroom is a learning space, a room in which both children and adults learn. Classrooms are found in educational institutions of all kinds, from preschools to universities, and may also be found in other places where education or training is provided, such as corporations and religious and humanitarian organizations. The classroom attempts to provide a space where learning can take place uninterrupted by outside distractions.
Management: Management refers to the process of planning, organising, leading and controlling the resources (physical, human) required to achieve the goals/functions of teaching and learning (i.e., attending to the logistics of teaching).
Strategy: A strategy is any action or instruction or series of actions directed by the teacher to achieve a specific task – what the teachers does.
Classroom management: Classroom management refers to the actions of the teacher to ensure that things get done. It has to do with rules, routines, structure – managing instruction, organizing learning materials and activities.
Behaviour management: Behaviour management refers to the use of proactive and reactive strategies to alleviate off-task behaviours – helping students to act responsibly, gain self-control.
Comprehensive classroom management: Comprehensive classroom management refers to all the actions and interactions that occur in the classroom from the start to the finish of the lesson. Behaviour management is one aspect of this process.
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