ROLE OF CREDIBLE elections ON THE consolidation OF democracy
ROLE OF CREDIBLE ELECTIONS ON THE CONSOLIDATION OF DEMOCRACY
The study looked at the relationship between credible elections and democracy consolidation in Nigeria, with a focus on Anambra state's gubernatorial elections in 2003. The study focused on the political and other settings for Anambra state's 2003 gubernatorial elections.
It also looked at the political, legal, economic, and other issues that arose as a result of Anambra State's 2003 governorship election. Using the postcolonial state theory, which focuses on the Nigeria State as a creation of imperialism and,
as such, has followed a development strategy dictated by the interests of imperialism and its local allies, highlights the Nigeria State's inability, as it is currently constituted,
to mediate political conflicts in the form of conducting credible elections, resolving peaceful post-election disputes, and, most importantly, consolidating democracy in the country.
The study's relevant qualitative data were generated using an observational technique. These were examined using a qualitative descriptive analysis. Based on this, the study concluded that the 2003 gubernatorial election in Anambra State, as well as the events that followed, raised a variety of legal, economic, and political issues.
The study also revealed that the political problems that enveloped Anambra state following the 2003 gubernatorial elections had ramifications for the emergence and maintenance of democracy in Nigeria.
In light of this, the study concluded that power and all resources should be decentralised away from the central/federal apparatus and towards constituent governments and ethnic groups.
The research also argued that inec should be given fiscal autonomy, with financing going directly to the consolidated revenue fund rather than through the presidency.
Background to the Study
Electoral practice is regarded as one of the most important essential cornerstones of democratic governance in modern democracies around the world. This is simply because poor electoral behaviour has the potential to undermine democratic processes.
The potential for political fraud, intrigue, and authoritarian behaviour necessitates open and transparent elections to form a government. This is necessary for society to achieve relative political and socio-economic equity through collective accommodation of public will.
To address the issue of absolute political power, which undermines national sovereignty, democratic frameworks, and sustainable development. It is critical that electoral competitions be made open and transparent, especially now that periodic elections are widely accepted in the modern liberal democratic system (Omelle, 2005:69).