SECURITY implications OF BOKO haram insurgency FOR NIGERIA AND niger republic DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS (2009-2015)
SECURITY IMPLICATIONS OF BOKO HARAM INSURGENCY FOR NIGERIA AND NIGER REPUBLIC DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS (2009-2015)
This paper looks at the security implications of the Boko Haram insurgency for Nigeria-Niger Republic diplomatic relations. The dissertation uses linkage theory to argue in its main point that there is a link between the growth of the Boko Haram insurgency from Nigeria to the Niger Republic and the two countries' responses to each other in dealing with the insurgency collectively.
Data were gathered primarily through in-depth interviews at the Embassy of the Republic of Niger, Abuja, and the West African Affairs Division of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Nigeria, Abuja, and examined thematically as they related to the research objectives using qualitative data analysis.
It was determined that, despite the spread of the Boko Haram insurgency and the difficulties encountered in combating it, the war against the rebels has enhanced diplomatic relations between the two countries.
To combat the insurgency, Nigeria and Niger Republic have joined forces in a joint military operation overseen by the Multinational Joint Task Force, which includes the Lake Chad Basin Commission countries.
The analysis strongly advocates establishing a permanent coordinated military operation on the two countries' borders to end the Boko Haram conflict.
1.1 General Background
Boko Haram, also known as Jama‟atu Alhlissunnah Lidda‟awati wal Jihad (Followers of the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad for Propagation of Islam and Jihad) (Adamu, 2012) or the Yusuffiya Movement, rose to prominence in July 2009 during the administration of the late President Umaru Musa Yar‟Adua.
A deadly clash erupted between the movement and security forces over the use of crash helmets by the movement in Maiduguri, Bor. The horrific confrontation killed multiple Boko Haram members. Prior to that occurrence, Boko Haram operated freely in Borno State, promoting anti-Western principles that contradicted their beliefs.
Boko Haram and its supporters were influenced by widespread corruption, inequality, injustice, unemployment, and immorality, which were thought to be caused by the penetration of Western principles into the country.
Their campaign against Western schooling earned them the label “Boko Haram,” which means “false knowledge” in Hausa (Adamu, 2012), contrary to the media's understanding that Western education is immoral or forbidden. Boko Haram's anti-Western stance sparked further tensions between the government and the movement.
Boko Haram was momentarily suppressed by Nigerian security forces in July 2009. The Yusufiyya Movement was virtually destroyed by Nigerian security forces in July 2009, and their leader, Mohammed Yusuf,
was killed, driving the movement underground for over six months (Hajeej, 2011). The assassination of Boko Haram's leader, Mohammed Yusuf, was viewed as an injustice by the group, leading to increased violence in the country.