CAUSES AND EFFECT OF NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASE AMONG YOUTH
CAUSES AND EFFECT OF NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASE AMONG YOUTH
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Although man has nearly perfect command over all things on Earth, he has remained subject to physical, biological, and social environmental challenges that he has caused. Noncommunicable diseases (NCDS), often known as chronic diseases, are not contagious and cannot be passed from person to person.
However, it is contacted individually; there are four main types of noncommunicable diseases that occur among youths, which are cardiovascular diseases (such as heart attack and stroke), cancers, and chronic reparatory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary diseases and asthma), and diabetes, and others include hypertension, trauma, mental disorder, fractures, malnutrition, poisoning, fibromyalgia, and so on, which in turn leads to damage of vital cells and tissues which may lead to death.
Noncommunicable diseases have a variety of origins, but they are never caused by bacteria, germs, or other living creatures that assault the body, and they are never transmitted from person to person (WHO, 2002 and 2010).
In 2010, there were an estimated 80 million deaths worldwide, 90% of which were caused by noncommunicable diseases. 1.7 million deaths were caused by cardiovascular diseases (CVD), particularly coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke, 7.6 million by cancer, 42 million by chronic respiratory diseases, and nearly 1.3 million by diabetes (WHO Global status Report on Noncommunicable Diseases, 2010:411).
Mental health disorders are major contributors to disease burden in many countries, and they play a significant role in the incidence and severity of many noncommunicable illnesses, including VUD and cancer.
Noncommunicable illnesses play a significant role in young (adult) mortality. It contributes to health inequalities within Benin City, primarily affecting the population due to differences in the distribution of major risk factors (Mackenbach, 2004).
This topic will educate Benin City youths on how to prevent and control the causes of noncommunicable diseases. Especially through the use of tobacco and alcohol, which harm the respiratory system and heart by preventing the pumping of oxygenated blood for the body's use.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
The problem of noncommunicable diseases among youths in Benin City varies from person to person. Poverty, bad diet, and a lack of critical resources, such as clean water, shelter, food, educational orientation, and clean air, are all linked to health problems.
Furthermore, many developing countries and their populations have health issues. This is especially true for disorders that are not communicable. Because it has direct effects on country economic and health systems, globalisation is a significant predictor of noncommunicable disease epidemics (Moffow, R. H., 2002).
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The goal of this research is to look into the causes and consequences of noncommunicable diseases among youngsters in Benin City. It is also necessary to determine how they might be avoided, controlled, and treated.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1. Do environmental variables influence the prevalence of noncommunicable diseases among adolescents?
2. Does knowledge of health education aid in the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases in youth?
3. Does the educational level of parents influence the frequency of noncommunicable diseases among children?
4. Do noncommunicable diseases rise as a result of lifestyle factors such as tobacco use?
5. Does parental poverty and a lack of crucial community resources enhance the incidence?
6. Does parental gene influence the occurrence of noncommunicable diseases in children?
1.5 significance OF THE STUDY
This study's findings will benefit kids, students, parents, school officials, health institutions, and other concerned individuals. It will aid in the education and understanding of noncommunicable illnesses, their causes and consequences, as well as potential prevention and control measures.
It will highlight to the government, the Ministry of Education, and the health sectors the need of noncommunicable disease seminars and training.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study focuses on the causes and consequences of noncommunicable diseases among youths in Benin City. The study is limited to the following Benin City neighbourhoods and quarters.
1. Ogbe Avenue
2. Ebiwe Avenue
3. Marine Avenue
Obazee Street is number four.
Plymount Street No. 5
Uzama Street is number six.
1.7 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
There were financial issues and expensive transportation prices encountered during this investigation. Time constraints and other academic commitments also impede the smooth implementation of the research.
1.8 DEFINITIONS OF TERMS
Asthma is a condition characterised by widespread constriction of the bronchial airways that worsens over time (either spontaneously or under therapy) and causes coughing, wheezing, and difficulty breathing.
Cancer is a type of malignant tumour that includes carcinoma and sarcoma. It is caused by the aberrant and uncontrollable decision of cells to invade and destroy the surrounding tissues.
Disease: A deviation from normal health and a disease having identifiable causes , indications and symptoms.
Diabetes: This is a deviation from normal health and an illness with identifiable causes and indications and symptoms.
Diabetes is defined as any metabolic disease that causes excessive thirst and the production of a significant amount of urine.
Fibromyalgia is a condition that causes discomfort in the fibrous tissue component of muscles without causing inflammation.
Hypertension is defined as an increase in arterial blood pressure above the usual limit for a certain age group.
Malnutrition is a disorder that occurs when the body does not receive enough vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients to maintain healthy tissues and organ functions.
Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDS): These are diseases that are not contagious and cannot be transmitted between humans.