An evaluation of the maintenance culture in the printing presses used by the Nigerian Air Force
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Nigeria's maintenance culture is nothing to write home about. That is why many factories fail as a result of a lack of preventative maintenance culture, resulting in the collapse of buildings, equipment, machinery, and the plant as a whole.
Maintenance break down or preventive maintenance is critical for a factory's continued survival. A good maintenance culture allows for the upkeep of adequate sound and functional machinery, equipment, and tools, allowing for the continued operation of and industry.
When parts are allowed to break down without replacement or servicing, the system breaks down, potentially causing production disruptions. Quality products and/or services cannot be created if the equipment is not up to date and functional.
In Nigeria, avarice, a nonchalant attitude, corruption, and other issues substantially inhibit maintenance culture, resulting in disruptions of factory production activities. When this happens, clients are given no options and, in some cases, the items or services are unavailable. Employees are also affected by Nigeria's non-maintenance culture.
In today's world, infrastructure development is the foundation and bedrock of any development initiative. It is critical to emphasise that simply constructing development infrastructure is not sufficient; these facilities must also be sufficiently and properly maintained in order for the intended purpose to be fulfilled.
People's attitudes towards public facilities, on the other hand, are those of government property that belongs to no one (Adeleye, 2009). To this extent, infrastructures intended to help the masses are withering away, wasting away without being put to good use, because people are uninterested in making such facilities sustainable.
As a result, due to a lack of upkeep, public infrastructures do not endure long. This demonstrates that without a solid maintenance culture, infrastructure growth will be futile. As a result, the word maintenance culture should be defined in order to have a thorough knowledge of what it stands for in the process of sustainable development.
Ajibola (2009) defines culture as “a group's shared beliefs and values; the beliefs, customs, practises, and social behaviour of a specific nation or people.” He defined maintenance as “the work done on a regular basis to keep a machine, building, or piece of equipment in good working order.”
He went on to say that maintenance is a collection of acts performed to keep an item in or return it to an acceptable condition. When it comes to aircraft, you might consider about age, but what you actually need to focus on is serviceability.You might have an aircraft that is 52 years old. However, it is still used efficiently in warfare.
It's your scheduled maintenance. If properly maintained, an aircraft that is even 20 years old may be more airworthy than those that are only approximately two years old.It is determined by your maintenance strategy and the culture you have created through time.
Simply put, aircraft maintenance ensures that aircraft presented “on the line” for flight operations meet all legal requirements (e.g. continuing airworthiness requirements, airworthiness directives, certificate of release to service, type certificate, and supplementary type certificate), operational equipage requirements (e.g. oxygen systems, first aid, and flotation devices), and appropriate equipment for the type of operation being flown.
Furthermore, where maintenance is performed under contract by a third-party maintenance and repair organisation, each airline customer may have additional requirements e.g. additional safety features, technical solutions, and issues such as in-flight entertainment and seating aircraft discrepancy (physical degradation or failure) attributed to the actions of the aircraft maintenance technician.”
In an examination of the Boeing organization's experience, Rankin (1997) finds that incorrect maintenance leads to 15% of commercial aircraft accidents. Marx (1998) projected that the number of commercial aircraft dispatched each year with a maintenance fault in the United States alone is around 48,800 based on Boeing's experience. In this light, the researcher wishes to evaluate the maintenance culture of Nigerian air force printing presses.
1.1 STSTEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
A good maintenance culture allows for the upkeep of adequate sound and functional machinery, equipment, and tools, allowing for the continued operation of and industry. When pieces are allowed to fail without being replaced or serviced, the system collapses, potentially causing production problems.
If properly maintained, an aircraft that is even 20 years old may be more airworthy than those that are only approximately two years old.
1.2 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The primary goal of this research is to analyse the maintenance culture in Nigerian air force printing presses. However, in order to complete the study successfully, the researcher intends to meet the following sub-objectives:
1. Determine the impact of non-maintenance of Nigerian air force printing presses on the force's efficiency.
2. To evaluate the quality of the maintenance culture instilled in the Nigerian Air Force.
3. To determine what causes non-maintenance in the Nigerian Air Force.
4. Determine the association between Nigerian air force maintenance culture and printing press efficiency.
1.3 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
The researcher developed the following research hypotheses in order to successfully complete the study:
H0: The Nigerian Air Force lacks a maintenance culture.
H1: The Nigerian Air Force has a maintenance culture.
H02: There is no substantial association between Nigerian air force maintenance culture and printing press efficiency.
H2:There is a considerable association between Nigerian air force maintenance culture and printing press efficiency.
1.5 IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY
The findings of the study are expected to be useful to the Ministry of Aviation once it is completed. It will be beneficial to understand the advantages of implementing a maintenance culture in the Nigerian air force.The study will also be very useful to academics who plan to conduct research on similar themes because it will act as a guide. Finally, the research will be very useful to academics, lecturers, teachers, students, and the general public.
1.2 SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
The study's scope includes an examination of maintenance culture in Nigerian air force printing presses. The researcher comes upon a constraint that limits the scope of the investigation;
a) RESEARCH MATERIAL AVAILABILITY: The researcher's research material is insufficient, restricting the scope of the investigation.
b) TIME: The study's time frame does not allow for broader coverage because the researcher must balance other academic activities and examinations with the study.
c) Organisational privacy: Limited access to the selected auditing firm makes obtaining all necessary and required information about the operations challenging.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
assessment: The process of evaluating someone or something.
MAINTENANCE: The process of keeping a condition, situation, or state in good condition.
CULTURE MAINTENANCE: Culture, on the other hand, is a way of life, a lifestyle, conventions, traditions, and habits that reflect the characteristics of a person/people. Maintenance culture is badly absent in Nigeria, whether at home, the business, school, or the factory.
AIRFORCE: An air force, sometimes called as an air army in some nations, is the national military branch that predominantly conducts aerial warfare.
1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research paper is divided into five chapters for easy comprehension.
The first chapter is concerned with the introduction, which includes the (overview of the study), historical background, problem statement, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms, and historical background of the study.
The second chapter emphasises the theoretical framework on which the study is based, as well as a survey of related literature. The third chapter discusses the study's research strategy and methodology. The fourth chapter focuses on data gathering, analysis, and presenting of findings. The study's summary, conclusion, and suggestions are presented in Chapter 5.