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POLITICAL SCIENCE

ASSESSMENT OF THE MARXIST DOCTRINE OF ALIENATION AND IT’S RELEVANCE TO THE NIGERIAN SOCIETY

ASSESSMENT OF THE MARXIST DOCTRINE OF ALIENATION AND IT'S RELEVANCE TO THE NIGERIAN

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ASSESSMENT OF THE MARXIST DOCTRINE OF ALIENATION AND IT'S RELEVANCE TO THE NIGERIAN SOCIETY

ABSTRACT

ALIENATION, which means “estrangement,” has been one of the central problems in most modern sociopolitical debates. This essay will explain the idea of alienation from its beginnings till the time of Karl Marx.

Much attention will be paid to Marx's conception of alienation, its sources, types, and effects. This philosophy will be used to explain the situation of the majority of Nigerians, who are mostly poor.

The strategy will be a theoretical explication of Karl Marx's idea of alienation. An attempt will be made to compare and contrast the arguments for and against the Marxist idea of alienation, as well as how it relates to Nigerian society. This will seek to correct the Nigerian society's flawed systems.

It will be discussed if the hardship and inhumane conditions that most Nigerians face may be classified as “alienation” according to Marx's theory. If this philosophy is applied to Nigerian society, the question is how the Nigerian system alienates its population.

The goal of this essay is to demonstrate whether there are any links between the Marxist idea of alienation and the situation of the average Nigerian worker. In this section, I will look at Karl Marx's solution.

I will also demonstrate that, while Marx's alienation concept appears to illuminate the conditions of many Nigerians, the causes and solutions proposed by Marx are inapplicable to Nigerian society.

To be more specific, Karl Marx's answer is neither practicable nor attainable in the Nigerian system. Finally, I would argue that alienation can only be alleviated by solidarity.

CHAPITRE ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

It is becoming more frequent to hear life in the modern day described in terms of alienation1. As a modern-day human predicament, alienation has become an almost obsessive preoccupation in fields of sociopolitical philosophy.

The subject has evolved into an isolated individual. The individual is estranged from other people, his work, and himself. The alienation of modern man demonstrates that we are confronted with the signs of a pathological and acute social illness.

In today's Nigerian society, there have been outcries about oppression, exploitation, and dehumanisation. Nigerians are exploited by other Nigerians, prompting M. I. Akimbo to declare, “we have done very estimable evil to ourselves in this land.”

2 As a result, many philosophers now refer to Nigerian workers as alienated beings. The question that keeps coming up is if some Nigerians are truly alienated and marginalised.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Alienation is the ultimate ontological evil that may happen to being in its essence, existence, and manifestation.3 Various attempts have been made throughout the years to explain the situations of Nigerian workers using the core precepts of the Marxist idea of alienation. The worst aspect is the attempt to give remedies to Nigerian workers' alienating conditions in the style of Karl Marx's revolution.

The challenges caused by alienation are numerous. Man's inhumanity to man dehumanisation is a problem, as evidenced by the way the privileged treat the poor un .

Some Nigerians are also estranged from the results of their effort, as well as from friends and family. Added to this is the exploitation of resources in the Niger Delta in order to build Nigeria's northern area.

This exploitation occurs in all regions: companies exploiting their employees, rulers abusing the ruled, clergymen exploiting their members, lecturers exploiting their pupils, and so on.

How do we reconcile estrangement with the worldwide desire for liberty and human dignity? How can man fully express himself in a society characterised by many forms of alienation?

1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

Among other things, the goal of this research is to evaluate the idea of alienation and the applications of the remedies proposed with reference to Karl Marx, as well as why these solutions cannot be applied to Nigerian society. An attempt will be made to provide an explication of a realistic solution to Nigeria's alienating situations.

1.4 THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The significance of this research work is bipolar: first, it will serve as an assessment of Karl Marx's highly regarded doctrine of alienation; second, it will raise awareness among many Nigerians that there is a workable solution to the alienating condition that characterises their society.

It will also raise awareness that the solutions to Nigeria's alienation problems cannot be found in Karl Marx's ideas.

1.5 THE OBJECTIVE OF STUDY

This will be limited to Karl Marx's thesis of alienation and its solutions. This is not to dismiss what other thinkers have written about alienation.

This book will also address alienation of Nigerian workers and practical answers to these alienations or estrangement. The function of labour union strikes will be reviewed to see whether they are justified. The Nigerian government's reactions to the labour class's plight will not be overlooked.

In addition, the applicability or non-applicability of Karl 's proposals will be critically analysed to determine how viable they are in the Nigerian environment.

1.6 THE METHODOLOGY

My approach to this research will be critical and analytical (a way in which the problem at hand is dissected and examined to highlight its good and bad points).

As a result, materials for doing the research will be obtained from the library. This is not to diminish the value of relevant books obtained from friends, relevant class notes, and relevant interviews.

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