Project Materials

POLITICAL SCIENCE

POLITICAL LEADERSHIP AND CRISIS OF DEVELOPMENT IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA, 1960-PRESENT

AND CRISIS OF IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA, 1960-PRESENT

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POLITICAL LEADERSHIP AND CRISIS OF DEVELOPMENT IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA, 1960-PRESENT

ABSTRACT
In this study, we looked at the relationship between political leadership and persistent economic difficulties in sub-Saharan Africa. Initially, we asked the following questions: Is there a link between ongoing economic crises and political incompetence in Sub-Saharan Africa from 1960 to 2009?

Do leadership issues in Sub-Saharan Africa contribute to poor regional economic integration into the global economy throughout the research period? Is sub-Saharan Africa's poor inter-state relations due to leadership failure?

This study was examined through the lens of Marxian political economy as defined by Karl Marx. In this study, we proposed the following hypothesis for testing: Between 1960 and 2009, there was a correlation between incompetent political leadership and persistent economic crises in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Leadership issues in Sub-Saharan Africa have resulted in inadequate integration of the region's economies into the global economy during the period under consideration.

Leadership failure is to blame for the bad inter-state relations in Sub-Saharan Africa. These theories were evaluated in Chapters 2, 3, and 4, accordingly. Chapter five contains the summary and conclusion.

Chapter One: Introduction
Sub-Saharan Africa, commonly known as Black Africa, encompasses an area of 24.3 million square kilometres. The region is clearly one of the poorest, with the majority of the world's Least Developed States. It comprises the majority of ACP countries in which diseases such as malaria are a persistent hindrance to economic progress.

The World Bank estimates that if the disease had been eradicated in 1960, the region's GDP would have increased by 32% in 2003. The population of Sub-Saharan Africa was 800 million in 2007, with a current growth rate of 2.3%

(www.subsaharanafricapolitical.com). The United Nations (UN) predicts that the region's population will reach about 1.5 billion by 2050. Figures for life expectancy, malnutrition, infant mortality, and HIV/ infections are also striking.

More over 40% of the sub-Saharan population is under the age of 15. Sub-Saharan Africa has a high child mortality rate. In 2002, one in six (17%) children died before the age of five; by 2007, this number had dropped 16% to one in seven (15%), but has since risen to 24%, with the exception of South Africa (www.development.com).

The region has been plagued by violence and instability since its independence in the late 1950s and 1960s, owing mostly to the failure of previous and current authorities to successfully manage and/or eliminate conflict drivers within the territory.

To address this issue and keep the region from spiralling into a failed state, scholars have argued that leaders who are honest, sincere, and committed to social justice, equity, the rule of law, and other democratic values that help to bond society and promote stability are unavoidably the solution.

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