Project Materials

POLITICAL SCIENCE

FEDERALISM AND CRISIS MANAGEMENT

AND CRISIS

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FEDERALISM AND CRISIS MANAGEMENT

ABSTRACT

The study looks into the consequences of Boko Haram on Nigerian federalism as well as how successfully Nigeria has managed its problems. Boko Haram has been a persistent presence in Nigeria since the mid-1990s.

This phenomena has elicited numerous reactions from people all across the world. On numerous instances, commissions of inquiry have been established to investigate the origin of the Boko Haram threat and make recommendations without actually investigating the fundamental issues of these frequent crises.

As a result, this aims to investigate the underlying causes of the Boko-Haram insurgency and its implications for federalism.

The study is based on the assumption that Boko Haram is a perennial and serious in Nigeria today, capable of causing total political upheaval and instability; a problem that appears to defy solution because,

despite the efforts of the government, particularly the current democratic government of President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan, to contain this problem, it recurs from time to time.

CHAPITRE ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Since Nigeria's return to democracy in May 1991, the country's deteriorating internal security situation has been a source of growing concern for the Nigerian government, its innocent citizens, and the international community.

In just a decade, criminal violence in the form of kidnapping militancy, crises, and armed robbery has taken frightening dimensions. Particularly concerning is the rise in religious violence, which endangers public order, human security, and Nigerian federalism.

Federalism is a formidable mechanism for managing plural societies; however, religious crises have tended to undermine the effectiveness of the federalist logic in Nigeria, with various plans by the government aimed at sustaining the nation yielding little or no results because Nigeria is constantly burdened by religious crises/burdens.

Federalism is also a system of government in which power is shared between the central government and the component units; it is used as a mechanism to ensure unity in plural states.

Finally, federalism is a system of government in which political authority is divided between a national or federal government and its political subdivisions.

In this system, the national and governments each have specific powers that are denied to the other. Federalism is an agreement amongst constituents' parts of a country about how authority and resources should be apportioned across tiers of government; it is a system that accommodates and manages variety.

Nigerian federalism dates back to the country's colonial past. By 1951, the colonial authorities had decided that the Nigeria State should adopt the federalist system in order to address the issue of division in a country like Nigeria, which is diverse in culture and ethnicity.

Despite the fact that federalism is the framework or process for ensuring unity in variety, the Nigeria federal state nevertheless faces issues (Badmus, 1987). These issues include the activities of social, cultural,

or ethnic groups such as the Niger Delta militant group, the movement for the actualization of the sovereign state of Biafra (Massob), and others, which were a result of Nigeria's federalism, and the ongoing Boko Haram threat, which threatens Nigeria's unity.

Perhaps the most significant problems to modern federalism in the twenty-first century are the effective response of all levels of government to a domestic attract or natural disaster, as well as the government's ability to respond successfully to crises in Nigeria and measures to handle crises.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Every federal state wishes to preserve national unity because it strives to foster peace and unity in diversity, which is a solution to seeming disparities and contestation among people.

However, while federalism improves most Western countries, it has the opposite effect in Nigeria, given the country's high level of political instability, ethnic crises, and ethno-religious crises, among other things.

The cause is not far-fetched: Nigeria is operating a federal system in an inconvenient manner, which has resulted in frictions and disputes that are currently threatening her political progress.

Nigeria's state has been plagued by numerous challenges throughout the years, and it has devolved into a conflict-ridden environment that kills innocent residents. The most recent of these issues is Boko Haram, which poses a significant threat to the federal state of Nigeria's continued existence.

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The following are the goals of this research project:

To examine the Nigerian federal state and its viability.

To identify and emphasise the circumstances that contributed to the rise of Boko Haram.

To look into a case scenario that highlights the challenges of modern federalism.

To investigate the issues raised by boko haram.

To determine how the boko haram threat can be mitigated.

To investigate the issue of federalism, whether federal, state, or municipal.

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

This research project aims to analyse Nigeria's federal state in connection to the harmful actions of the Islamic group Boko Haram, as well as how successfully the government can manage crises.

Situations in Nigeria Despite the fact that Nigeria has been the site of numerous uprisings, including the Niger Delta insurgency and the Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra (Massob),

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The research work is significant in that it would aid in the selection of answers to the numerous problems encountered by Nigeria's federal states, particularly in the face of obstacles provided by Boko-Haram activities.

The work's findings will provide recommendations to assist improve the issues that Nigerian federalism faces, and it will also be valuable to Nigerian police officers and other security agencies.

Another significance of the study is that it will add to the existing body of knowledge in the field as well as act as a reference material for people who wish to do additional research in the area.

1.6 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

i) Do the acts of Boko Haram endanger Nigeria's federalism?

ii) What causes contributed to the rise of Boko-Haram?

Can Nigeria's federalism withstand the test of time? Despite the numerous problems it faces?

iv) How has Nigeria dealt with the challenges that have arisen?

V) What solutions are available to combat the Boko-Haram threat?

1.7 DE-LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

This session will discuss the numerous obstacles that the researcher may face as a result of project writing. Among the key constraints of the study are the difficulty to obtain important resources materials that could be valuable to the study, poor response from some respondents, erroneous and on reliable information from respondents, and others.

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