THE NEED FOR GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING SERVICES AMONG NIGERIAN university students
THE NEED FOR GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING SERVICES AMONG NIGERIAN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
This chapter reviewed the literature on guidance and counselling services in schools in Nigeria as well as other regions of the world. The following is the review:
1. Define advice and counselling
2. The Origins and evolution of Guidance and Counselling
3. The requirements of university freshmen
4. Goals of Nigerian Guidance and Counselling Services
5. Summary of associated literature review.
What Does Guidance and Counselling Mean?
varied people have varied definitions of advice and counselling. Different authors have explicitly defined it.
According to the Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary, guidance counselling is “help or advice given to someone, especially by someone older or with more experience.” According to Bakare (2003), guidance and counselling are a collection of methods that help people with problems in any stage of life so that they can be more effective, satisfied, and beneficial to the society in which they live.
Guidance is the process of assisting an individual in understanding himself and his surroundings. The word guide means to steer, supervise, know, pilot, manage, and so on. Guidance is intended to assist the recipient in developing independence and the ability to be responsible for oneself. Guidance can be found in all aspects of life, including the family, business, industry, government, social life, and hospitals; in fact, it can be found anywhere there are individuals who want to help.
Counselling and Guidance in Nigeria
Nigeria has been interested with the issue of vocational choice and decisions since (2000). As may be predicted, this worry has prompted research in the field as well as several hypotheses about how people make job decisions. Prior to the arrival of the Western system of education, children could be offered vocational guidance on the choice of a career by an adult member of the family or community to prepare them for the future.
According to Fafunwa (2003), occupational guidance existed in traditional African society. Vocational training, which was mostly based on the apprenticeship system in traditional society, is a time-honored method of teaching millions of African youths and adults.
Typically, children are not yet trained by their parents, but rather by relatives, masters, and craftsmen in specific fields, or friends, to ensure discipline and attentiveness.
According to Callaway (2004), vocational education is a vast apprentice training system that began as part of the broad education process through which indigenous societies in Nigeria passed on their cultural heritage from one generation to the next, such as a biro Blacksmith on the Jos Plateau.
According to Akintoye and Cole (2004), guidance in Nigeria began in 2000 at Saint Theresa's College, Ibadan, when the Reverend Sister running the school discovered that the school's product (the secondary school leavens) would have difficulties finding employment and adjusting to the harsh conditions in society after leaving school.
In brief, they noticed the necessity for competent supervision and counselling for their school's products. As a result, the sisters recruited experts who were better knowledgeable about the expanding world of works to lead the course of study for the exiting students' employment options.
According to Nwoye (2007), Oliwajo College of Education, Ibadan was founded and launched by a group of professionals to aid those in need of problem-solving skills in learning. According to Amadi (2004), through advice and counselling services, the school will understand the requirements of individual pupils and what can be done to help them better.
Some of the challenges noted among university students, according to Denga (2003), are academic problems, vocational problems, and personal, social, and psychological concerns. Guidance and counselling services help students comprehend that what they do in school today will most likely decide what they do once they graduate from university.
According to Iwuama (2005), instructors and parents should aid students in recognising these needs. The ordinary Nigerian parent desires a good education for his or her child for a variety of reasons, including social mobility. In order for their children to cope with the rigours of childrearing, parents of university students invariably require advice.
University Guidance and Counselling Objectives
1. To assist pupils in understanding their own personal abilities, interests, motivation, and potentials.
2. To modify maladaptive habits
3. To help pupils move in the direction of realising their potentials or achieving integration.
4. To equip pupils with the skills, awareness, and information necessary to combat social deficiencies.
5. To assist students in gaining understanding into the causes and progression of emotional challenges, resulting in a greater capacity to exercise logical control over their feelings and actions.
6. To assist students in gaining some insights into the world of job realities at the end of the educational partnership.
University Students Require Guidance and Counselling Services
From the start, there is a wide range of university courses to choose from.
Educational counselling is critical, especially when major course enrollment decisions must be made.
According to Olayinka (2003), common university counselling services comprise the following: – Vocational services – Orientation services
– Personal social services.