THE effect OF THE DISMISSAL OF 49 ASUU LECTURERS ON THE ADMINISTRATION OF UNILORIN
THE EFFECT OF THE DISMISSAL OF 49 ASUU LECTURERS ON THE ADMINISTRATION OF UNILORIN
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE study
According to Ejikemeuwa (2016), industrial action or strike refers to employees' refusal to work in protest of their employers' poor treatment. Academic and non-academic staff at Nigerian universities have joined the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) strike in protest at the government's inability to respect their collective bargaining agreement.
The ASUU strikes have resulted in widespread corruption and other societal vices. Due to labour unrest, Nigeria's education system, particularly higher education, has been shut down multiple times in recent years. The impact of repeated school and academic programme closures on children's learning ability is better envisioned than described.
According to Adetiba (2012), both academic (ASUU) and non-academic staff strikes in Nigeria have caused significant delays in tertiary education. This has always caused problems for students,
resulting in pauses in academic programmes, unjustifiable extensions in their study years, poor student attention on academic programmes, and poor lecturer-student relations, to name a few examples (Adamu & Nwogo, 2014).
As a result, student academic performance has suffered, and other forms of examination misconduct have grown. Universities are recognised as a repository of knowledge, a source of intellectual growth, and a breeding ground for tomorrow's leaders all around the world. According to Ike (1999), a university has only one purpose: to provide knowledge and value.
To put it another way, a university progresses when it is able to provide information and value, and it fails when administrators and staff are not well managed. According to Nwankwo (2000), merit has been the watchword in the university system, where a student must be certified, of good character, and capable of studying before being admitted to the Honours Degree programme.
The Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) is the most influential union, with ongoing strikes having a significant impact on students' academic progress. The Nigerian Association of University Teachers (NAUT) was founded in 1965 to represent academics at the Universities of Ibadan, Nigeria, Nsukka, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Ife, and Lagos.
The union was active in the anti-military administration movement in the 1980s. The union organised a statewide walkout in 1988 to demand equal pay and university autonomy. As a result, on August 7, 1988, the ASUU was declared unlawful, and all of its assets were seized. It was allowed to continue in 1990, but it was forbidden again on August 23, 1992, following another strike.
On September 3, 1992, however, an agreement was struck that met some of the union's goals, notably the right of workers to collective bargaining. The ASUU planned additional strikes in 1994 and 1996 to protest the sacking of personnel by Sani Abacha's military rule.
Despite opposition from President Olusegun Obasanjo's administration, the union remained steadfast in its pursuit of university workers' rights once the Nigerian Fourth Republic returned to democracy in 1999. In July 2002, ASUU's national president petitioned Justice Mustapha Akanbi of the Independent Corrupt Practises Commission to probe the administrators of the University of Ilorin for financial mismanagement and corruption. ASUU went on strike for three months in 2007.
It held a two-week ‘warning strike' in May 2008 to advocate for a number of goals, including a fairer wage structure and the reinstatement of 49 academics fired from the University of Ilorin in 1998. ASUU called for an indefinite strike at federal and state colleges across the country in June 2009, claiming disagreements with the federal government over a two-and-a-half-year-old agreement.
ASUU and other staff unions reached a deal with the government after three months of strike action, and the strike was called off in October 2009. Staff at the University of Ilorin have opted to go on strike for the first time in 20 years, following the Academic Staff Union of Universities' (ASUU) instruction. During an executive meeting in Enugu, ASUU's national president, Biodun Ogunyemi, issued a warning strike.
The strike was called to protest the federal government's inability to follow through on the 2009 ASUU-FGN agreement, the 2013 Memorandum of understanding, and the 2017 Memorandum of Action, according to Mr. Ogunyemi.
The University of Ilorin joined the strike, making it the first time in nearly two decades that university academics had gone on strike. The institution had already rejected ASUU's earlier industrial activities, which were initiated in reaction to a division within the organisation. As a result, the university gained a reputation for adhering to a strict academic timetable.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Gridlock was frequently caused by arguments or misunderstandings between the government and academic and/or non-academic employees, which hampered and, in some cases, destroyed Nigeria's academic calendar and higher education. Students' scholastic achievement suffered as a result of the periodic strikes. Students' reading skills decreased as a result of the long-term suspension of learning,
which was detrimental to the educational system, particularly in a developing country like Nigeria. The most important problem is that strikes have destabilised the entire educational system, causing students who are legally obligated to gain credentials to spend much too much time doing so. last year (Kagbaranen).
The ASUU's regular strikes have had an indirect impact on Nigerian university students. By delaying programme completion and graduation, it frequently produced a host of issues for pupils. This leisure time was sometimes frustrating for students who came from less-than-ideal homes,
and it regularly led in them being vulnerable and easy targets for criminal actions such as armed robbery, kidnapping, and rape (Ajayi, 2013). Because there have been few studies on the subject, the research attempts to look at the influence of the expulsion of 49 ASUU instructors on the administration of Unilorin.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The study's aims are as follows:
Investigate the reasons for the dismissal of 49 Illorin University instructors.
Examine how the removal of 49 lecturers affects the management of Illorin University.
Examine how the removal of 49 instructors influenced the academic achievement of Illorin University students.
The following research questions guide the study's objective:
What was the reason for the dismissal of 49 Illorin University lecturers?
Did the removal of 49 lecturers have an impact on the management of Illorin University?
Did the removal of 49 instructors have an impact on the academic achievement of Illorin University students?
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study will be important to the federal government since it will tell them about the effects of all strikes on students' education and performance, as well as seek solutions to meet the union's demands.
And this study will add to the existing literature in this subject while also serving as a resource for academics, researchers, and students who may want to do future research on this or a similar topic.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this research is to investigate the impact of the firing of 49 ASUU academics on the administration of Unilorin. However, the study is specifically focused but limited to investigating the cause of the dismissal of 49 university of Illorin lecturers, how the dismissal of 49 lecturers affected the administration of university of Illorin, and how the dismissal of 49 lecturers affected the academic performance of university of Illorin students. As a result, the research will be conducted at the University of Illorin.
1.7 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
The key problems that the researcher faced over the course of this study were a lack of funds, insufficient research resources, and a time limitation.
1.8 DEFINITIONOF TERM
Academic staff union of universities (Asuu): Founded in 1978, this is a Nigerian union of university academic personnel.
Administration is the systematic arrangement and coordination of resources.
directing the human and material resources available to any organisation for the primary aim of attaining the organization's stated goals.