THE EFFECT OF THE DISMISSAL OF 49 ASUU LECTURERS ON THE ADMINISTRATION OF UNILORIN
THE EFFECT OF THE DISMISSAL OF 49 ASUU LECTURERS ON THE ADMINISTRATION OF UNILORIN
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Ejikemeuwa (2016) defines industrial action or a strike as when employees choose not to go to work in retaliation for the unfair treatment they have received from their employers.
Universities in Nigeria are participating in the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) strike in protest of the government's noncompliance with their collective bargaining agreement.
This includes both academic and non academic staff members. Corruption and other social vices have increased as a result of the ASUU strikes on many different levels. Nigeria's higher education sector, in particular, has experienced many closures as a result of labour unrest in recent years.
It is more effective to visualise than to describe how frequently closing schools and academic programmes affects children's ability to learn. Academic (ASUU) and non-academic staff strikes have reportedly led to significant delays in Nigerian tertiary education, according to Adetiba (2012).
Students have always been in a horrible situation because of this, which has led to pauses in academic programmes, unwarranted extensions of their study years, poor student attention to academic programmes, and poor lecturer-student relations, to name a few examples (Adamu & Nwogo, 2014).
As a result, examination misbehaviour of all kinds has proliferated and student academic performance has decreased. Universities are revered as a centre of knowledge, a place for intellectual growth, and a place to develop tomorrow's leaders. Ike (1999) asserts that a university has only one function: to impart knowledge and value.
In other words, a university progresses when it can provide knowledge and value, and it fails in this responsibility when administrators and staff are not properly managed. Nwankwo (2000) claims that this is the reason why the university system has made merit the guiding principle.
In order to be admitted to the Honours Degree programme, a student must be certified, worthy in character, and capable of learning. The most significant union whose ongoing strikes have a significant impact on students' academic performance is the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU).
In order to represent academics at the Universities of Ibadan, Nigeria, Nsukka, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, University of Ife, and Lagos, the Nigerian Association of University Teachers (NAUT) was founded in 1965.
The union took part in the fight against military rule in the 1980s. In 1988, the union organised a national walkout to press for autonomy for universities and equal pay. On August 7, 1988, the ASUU was deemed illegal as a result, and all of its assets were taken.
In 1990, it was allowed to recommence, but on August 23, 1992, as a result of another strike, it was once again made illegal. On September 3, 1992, a deal was reached that addressed a number of the union's demands, including the right of employees to engage in collective bargaining.
In 1994 and 1996, the ASUU planned additional strikes to protest the staffing cuts made by Sani Abacha's military regime. After the Nigerian Fourth Republic restored democracy in 1999, the union persisted in fighting for the rights of university employees in spite of opposition from President Olusegun Obasanjo's administration.
The national president of ASUU petitioned Justice Mustapha Akanbi of the Independent Corrupt Practises Commission in July 2002 to look into allegations of financial mismanagement and corruption against the University of Ilorin's administrators. ASUU went on strike for three months in 2007.
It organised a two-week “warning strike” in May 2008 to demand a number of things, including a more equitable pay scale and the reinstatement of 49 academics who had been expelled from the University of Ilorin in 1998.
ASUU and other staff unions reached a deal with the government following three months of strike action, and the strike was ended in October 2009.
Staff at the University of Ilorin have chosen to comply with the Academic Staff Union of Universities' (ASUU) request to go on a two-week strike for the first time in 20 years. During an executive meeting in Enugu, Biodun Ogunyemi, the national president of ASUU, issued a warning strike.
Mr. Ogunyemi claims that the federal government's non-compliance with the 2009 ASUU-FGN agreement, the 2013 Memorandum of Understanding, and the 2017 Memorandum of Action prompted the demand for the strike.
For the first time in nearly two decades, university lecturers went on strike when the University of Ilorin joined them. The institution had disapproved of ASUU's earlier industrial initiatives,
which were started in reaction to a division within the organisation. The college has developed a reputation for upholding a regular academic calendar.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The academic calendar and higher education in Nigeria were frequently hampered and, in some cases, damaged by gridlock, which was frequently the result of disagreements or miscommunications between the government and academic and/or non-academic professionals.
The numerous strikes clearly had a deleterious effect on pupils' academic performance. Students' reading abilities declined as a result of the protracted suspension of learning, which was detrimental to the educational system, particularly in a developing nation like Nigeria.
The biggest problem is that strikes have seriously damaged the educational system as a whole, making it necessary for students who are obligated by law to gain credentials to spend much too much time doing so. Before a year (Kagbaranen).
Students at universities in Nigeria have been indirectly impacted by the ASUU's regular strikes. Students typically experienced a wide range of issues as a result of the delay in programme completion and graduation.
For students from less-than-ideal homes, this leisure time was occasionally frustrating and regularly made them vulnerable and easy targets for crimes including armed robbery, kidnapping, and rape (Ajayi, 2013).
The research intends to examine the effects of the expulsion of 49 ASUU lecturers on the administration of Unilorin because there are few studies on the subject. In 2009, 49 academics were dismissed for participation in ASSU activities.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF STUDY
The study's aims are as follows:
Look into the reasons why 49 university of Illorin instructors were fired.
Examine the impact of the 49 dismissals on the university of Illorin's administration.
Examine the effects of the 49 dismissals on the university of Illorin students' academic performance.
The goal of the study is guided by the following research questions:
What led to the 49 lecturers at the University of Illorin being fired?
Has the management of the University of Illorin been impacted by the removal of 49 professors?
Has the university of Illorin students' academic achievement been impacted by the removal of 49 lecturers?
1.5 RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER STUDIES
The federal government will benefit from this study since it will inform them of the effects of all the strikes on students' learning and performance and look for ways to satisfy the union's demands.
Additionally, this study will add to the body of knowledge in this area and be a useful tool for academics, researchers, and students who may want to do further study on this or a related topic in the future.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
Examining the impact of the firing of 49 ASUU teachers on the administration of Unilorin is the goal of this study. The study, however, is narrowly focused and limited to examining the reasons behind the firing of 49 lecturers from the University of Illorin,
the effects of their firing on the institution's administration, and the effects of their firing on students' academic performance. Thus, the University of Illorin will conduct the study.
The main obstacles the researcher faced while doing this study were money, poor research materials, and a lack of time.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Academic staff union of universities (Asuu): Established in 1978, this organisation represents university academic personnel in Nigeria.
Administration: Administration is the methodical planning, organising, and arranging the material and human resources that are at the disposal of any organisation with a view to achieving its stated objectives.