The project provides an overview of the complete study, which sought to determine the causes and effects of hard drug misuse among high school students. The questionnaire was distributed to Oredo Local Government Area pupils. This research endeavored to determine the origins and effects of heavy drug usage.
The collected and analyzed data revealed that the use of hard drugs has damaged pupils in many schools and has even led to their deaths and academic disruptions. On the basis of these findings and the analysis of the data, recommendations were made with the researcher’s hope that they will assist in providing students, school administration, and the community with more effective means for preventing or eradicating the use of hard drugs, particularly in selected secondary schools in Oredo Local Government Area, Edo State.
The problem of drug usage is growing in the educational sector, our community, and Nigeria in general. A number of recent studies imply that nearly all or a significant proportion of secondary school pupils experiment with drugs, particularly alcohol and nicotine, at some point.
The greatest cause for concern is the number of young students who may develop an addiction to dangerous substances, endangering their own health and safety and causing problems for their families and the general population.
It is generally believed that drug use has detrimental effects on the intellectual, social, psychological, and physical development of users. According to a report by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) (2005), around 200 million people, or 5% of the world’s population aged 15-64, have taken substances at least once in the past 12 months, and the use of illicit drugs in all nations has increased in recent years.
The report goes on to note that the increasing availability of a variety of drugs to an ever-expanding socio-economic spectrum of consumers (especially secondary school students) is problematic, despite the fact that opiates (particularly heroin) and cocaine continue to pose the greatest threat on a global scale.
A survey conducted in the southern region of Nigeria revealed that 37% of new drug users were between the ages of 15 and 19. The usage of drugs negatively affects the education of secondary school students. The user’s entire health is badly impacted, and the behaviors connected with drug usage predispose abusers to criminality and communicable disease.
Given its effects on education and future leadership, creativity, and human resources, drug addiction has thus become a national problem in Nigeria. Given that they are in their formative years of schooling, job development, social skills, and identity information, secondary school children are particularly vulnerable.
Concerning rates of alcohol and nicotine use among students in Edo State, according to a report by education officials in that state. Despite initiatives by the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration (NAFDAC) and other organizations, drug usage is on the rise, with over 40 percent of students misusing various drugs.
In shopping centers and other public places, drug misuse among secondary school kids appears to be pervasive. Students who have dropped out of school due to drug misuse are frequently observed wandering and engaging in other illicit activities.
Given the availability, repercussions, and rising rate of drug use in some secondary schools, it is vital to determine students’ perceptions of drugs and substance misuse, as well as how these perceptions influence their behavior toward drugs and drug users.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The problem of drug misuse among a subset of secondary school students, particularly in the Oredo Local Government Area, is attributable to the persistent consumption or use of hard drugs by secondary school students, which is accompanied by educational, future, and economic stagnation.
The use of various hard drugs by adolescents is poisonous, as they include harmful components, and has in some way led to the degradation and destruction of the secondary school students’ nervous system, hearts, kidneys, and lungs. However, the out-of-control drug use among secondary school kids cannot be ignored. Consequently, the following questions are posed:
What are the primary causes of abuse of heavy drugs?
What are the adverse effects of abusing strong drugs?
How can we combat drug usage in society? Particularly in our high schools.
These are some of the concerns that the researcher wishes to investigate in further detail, as they influence certain regions of the Oredo Local Government Area in Edo State.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The general objectives of the study are to determine the prevalence of drug misuse among secondary school students in the Oredo Local Government Area, analyze students’ opinions of hard drugs and drug abuse, and evaluate the tactics employed to combat the problem. This study aims to contribute to the knowledge and understanding necessary to ultimately aid in reducing student drug misuse. The study’s precise objectives are to;
Examine the reasons of heavy drug usage among adolescents.
Identify drugs frequently abused by secondary school kids
Determine the impact of these commonly overused hard substances on kids.
Identify potential innovative ways for reducing drug misuse in secondary schools.
These are some of the topics the researcher aims to investigate, with a particular focus on how it affects certain regions in Oredo Local Government Area, Edo State.
THE IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY
The significance of this research lies in the fact that it will provide the necessary strategies for addressing the issue, as well as educating the public and the educational sector about the effects of hard drugs and exposing them to the various problems associated with living with diseases or individuals who are addicted to hard drugs.
SCOPE OF THE RESEARCH
The focus of the study is on students in Oredo Local Government who are addicted to hard drugs such as cocaine, nicotine, alcohol, and tobacco, and on addressing the problem of hard drug addiction in Oredo Local Government Area.
The researcher has put out the following hypotheses:
The prevalence of different types of drug abuse educates individuals about the hazards of abusing hard drugs, which tends to minimize drug addiction and, in the long run, lessens its impact on humankind.
BASIC RESEARCH QUESTIONS
This research focuses on findings and problems, and the following questions will be asked.
What are the causes of abuse of heavy drugs?
Does experimentation influence the use of heavy drugs?
Are violence, anxiety, loneliness, and stress causes of substance abuse?
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Any substance, other than food and water, that alters how individuals feel, think, see, and act. Due to its chemical composition, this drug impacts physical, mental, and emotional functioning. It can be ingested via chewing, inhalation, smoking, drinking, touching the skin, or injection.
Abuse of drugs: the use of drugs for non-medical purposes Drug abuse refers to the misuse of any psychotropic substance that results in changes in bodily functions, thereby affecting the individuals socially, cognitively, or physically.
Social effects may manifest as an increased propensity to engage in conflicts with friends, teachers, and other school authorities. Lack of concentrate on academic work and memory loss are indicators of cognitive impairment.
Addiction to drugs or alcohol is characterized by the inability of the body to operate without these substances. A person who is addicted may have a loss in academic performance, miss classes frequently, lose interest in schoolwork, and exhibit impaired motor coordination, poor health, and a lack of interest in previous connections. By its very nature, addiction alters cognitive processes, giving precedence to beliefs that justify addictive behavior and minimizing or excluding thoughts about quitting the behavior.
This word is used to characterize the negative impacts of drug addiction, including ill health, violence, disagreements with friends or school authorities, destruction of school property, and poor academic achievement.
Secondary school: This is the second level of education a child receives before entering college to enable him or her to understand more about the school curriculum.
The term “student” refers to a person who seeks to learn more about educational work.
In this study, illegal drugs relate to substances judged by the government to be detrimental to the mental and physical health of the individual in order to limit or discourage their intake. Legal drugs are potentially hazardous substances, such as alcohol and tobacco, whose consumption is sanctioned by the government.