STUDENTS’ PERCEPTION OF WOMEN TRAFFICKING IN NIGERIA AS A SOCIAL PROBLEM
THE STUDY’S BACKGROUND
The recruitment, transportation, transfer, or receipt of persons by means of threat or use of force or other forms of deception of the abuse of power or of position of vulnerability or of benefits to obtain the consent of a person having control over another person for the purpose of exploitation is referred to as woman trafficking.
People have migrated to trade and farm due to porous borders and desperately poor economic outcomes in the West and Central African sub-region. However, poverty has driven families to more desperate measures, as evidenced by the growing number of children and young people trafficked into exploitative labor and prostitution (Akinbayo 1998)
Children have traditionally been used as assets in Nigeria to help with housework and farm chores. The socialization process and its implications within the community’s social safety net. However, as a result of rising unemployment, a weak institutional framework, and the breakdown of the extended family system, millions of children have been forced into new types of labor that are exploitative, hazardous, and detrimental to their welfare and development.
Middlemen have now emerged who exploit the desperation and ignorance of parents, particularly those in rural areas, to produce children and exploitative labor, a practice known as child trafficking. As child labor and trafficking in the African region gained media attention, studies were conducted to confirm the extent of the problem.
In 1998, UNICEF built a pilot study on the solution in the southern Nigeria border town of Calabar Ugo Owerri port-headcount and Lagos, and discovered that 40% of Nigerian girls were trafficked for prostitution activities.
Furthermore, regional conferences in Contino in 1998 and Libreville in 2000 shed more light on the issue. The conference called for coordinated action at the national and sub-regional levels, including appropriate legislation, a public awareness campaign, and bilateral agreements between sub-regional countries. Specifically, the Libreville legal framework and improved border patrols repatriation, rehabilitation, and reintegration of trafficked children (Ebigbo 1997).
While everyone’s contribution to the development of this report is greatly appreciated, special mention must be made of professor Peter O. Ebigbo, the report’s lead consultant, who brought valuable knowledge of child labor and girl trafficking to the project. Dozens of federal, state, and local government partners have contributed to the reduction of the problem and impact of child trafficking.
There are also non-governmental organizations (NGOs) addressing the issue, many of which are well-known active organizations. The establishment of a skill acquisition center in Edo State by India Renaissance is an example of an innovative practice in the fight against child trafficking.
In response to the rising incidence of drug abuse and trafficking, the India Renaissance Foundation was founded in July 1999. Many Edo State girls, mostly in secondary school, who were unable to withstand the pressures from their parents and family members, gradually came to seek refuge at India Renaissance.
As the majority of the girls are repatriated from Haley, India Renaissance is collaborating with the Italian government and two Italian-based NIGOS, TAMPED and CARITAS, to reaccept this modern-day slave trade through a transactional approach. India Renaissance also works with the committee for the dignity of women and hood, a Benin-based group affiliated with the caloric church.
As a result, the purpose of this study is to investigate the perception of women trafficking as a social problem in Nigeria, using Ilorin as a case study (Effati 1996).
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The issue of women trafficking in Nigeria has become a source of concern for schools and the government due to the growing number of victims and the negative impact on their health and the country’s image. In this case, the victims were returned to multiple locations abroad before being deported back to the country, indicating that they must have been infected with sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDs and syphilis before being deported back to the country.
This situation will increase the number of people infected with AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases in the country. The issue will also give a bed image to the country’s name. During the reintegration of deportees, the government will have to devote the meager resources available to their welfare to the expansion of industries in order to reduce the country’s employment figures.
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The study’s goal is to look into the perception of women trafficking as a social problem in Nigeria, using Ilorin as a case study. The study also aims to make recommendations for the eradication of human trafficking and the effective reintegration of deported victims in the country.
QUESTION FOR RESEARCH
The research will attempt to answer the following questions.
(1) Does women’s trafficking have any impact on the country’s economic development?
(2) Does women’s trafficking have an impact on the country’s image?
THE STUDY’S IMPORTANCE
The study’s funding would be beneficial to parents because it would educate them on the problem of women trafficking in Nigeria.
The study will also educate the entire country on the risks associated with women trafficking activities. It will improve the country’s image by taking effective measures to eliminate the problem. The study will be a valuable resource for future research projects.
Women’s trafficking is the practice of transporting women to other countries for prostitution.
UNICEF: stands for United Nations Children’s Fund.
WOTCLEF: Women Trafficking and Labor Eradication Foundations
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