NORTHERN FEUDALISM AND VOTERS MOBILIZATION IN THE 2015 PRESIDENTIAL elections
NORTHERN FEUDALISM AND VOTERS MOBILIZATION IN THE 2015 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS
The study was meant to analyse the characteristics of Northern Feudalism in connection to voter mobilisation in the just concluded 2015 presidential election. In this study, an application of Marxian political economy theory to a feudal society illustrates the nature of the connection between Northern leaders and the masses.
Furthermore, the dependency theory as applied explains what the situation is like in the north, particularly between the leaders who have everything and the masses who seek a better life and adhere to religious belief (s).
Finally, Peter Veermesch's (2011) theory of ethnic mobilisation explains why voters in northern Nigeria are easily mobilised by instilling ethno-regional and, in some cases, religious sentiments for the sake of the region.
The work used a historical design technique to assist trace the origins of northern feudalism back to the Usman dan Fodio inheritance in 1804. It was discovered that the division of the north into various emirates with supervisory powers in Gwandu and, particularly, sokoto reveals a clear picture of feudalism.
This has established an oligarchy with a unique ability to mobilise votes during elections. In light of this, the study intended to determine if the north's feudal nature was responsible for effective voter mobilisation in the 2015 presidential elections, as well as the role of ethnicity in this mobilisation.
Keeping this in mind, the study found the hypothesis to be affirmative. As a result, power-sharing formulae must be adopted to moderate the potential exclusivity and lopsidedness of unfettered democracy,
as well as political statesmanship capable of calming tensions caused by ethno-regional differences, thereby developing a political community based on equality and justice.
1.1 Background of the Study
The history of elections in Nigeria has provided us with an excellent opportunity to evaluate the various roles of electorates, those running for office, and those who sponsor candidates in the Nigerian political process within the context of our national political goals.
According to Aghamelu (2013), the concerns and questions of education, information, mobilisation, and monitoring have become a critical aspect in the realisation of national objectives during the electoral process.
Agba (2007) emphasised the importance of political growth, stating that the achievement of democratic government in a society is dependent on citizens' psychological preparation and good mental states.