Project Materials





This research study focused on the impact of leadership style on organizational productivity. This study looks forward to knowing the reactions of staff toward leadership and also about workers’ performance in a Hospital firm. The objective of this study includes but not limited to: To identify the various6 types of leadership styles adopted by managers. To ascertain the environment forces influencing the adoption of such styles.

To determine the predominant leadership strategy adopted by the manager and to determine the efficiency of such styles in achieving the organizational objectives in these organizations. The study was carried out on two perspectives in the historical method involves oral interviews and questionnaires to ascertain what motivated leadership style in a firm(Scroll down for the link to get the Complete Chapter One to Five Project Material)



Background of the Study

One of the basic ingredients of all good and effective social organizations and. human groups are leadership. Even in the family, the father must be up to the task of tasking the lead of his wife and children. Little wonder that good leaders have a proud way had to find. Leadership begins when a man or a woman discovers the purpose of his/her life, which creates a passion and for which cause others are inspired to follow voluntarily.

It is an attribute of the mind that enables a man to task himself to appreciate a problem, proffer solutions, and more him and the group or society forward. It is no wonder, therefore that many have lost hope when it comes to finding good leadership. It is clear that people expect their leaders to be competent and to make honest efforts to try to improve things.

It is true that some leaders have achieved a measured success. A rural can usually count on the respect and support of his subject if the brings them a reasonable measure of peace and secures living conductions. However, if people lose confidence in him for any reason, someone else may be sitting in the seat of power.

The earlier conception of leadership tends to border on two major ideas about how leaders emerge in groups or organizations. first is the “Great man theory of history which assigns more events in history to the activities of great leaders. It is a known fact a great man of history only assumes power and authority to lead others by virtue of their leadership capabilities.

That was why leaders like Hite Napoleon and De Gaulle who influenced world history were “Great man” Model leaders. Early studies on leadership believed good leaders are born with some traits; therefore, one should be able to identify those qualities possessed by effective leaders and assume that all persons who are endowed with these traits would be effective leaders.

For example, the Greek Philosopher, plate, was among the first to suggest that great leaders were born with their greatness. Therefore, leadership is the process of influencing others to work Willingly towards an organization’s goal with confidence and Keenness… (Scroll down for the link to get the Complete Chapter One to Five Project Material)

Problem Statement of Study

In our society, most organizations both large and small hardly function effectively. Even when they strive. Some of the leaders lack the required skills for efficient management for productivity. This is because they do not have enough training for the management team to enable them to function effectively.

The management function is complex and for a number of reasons, on the individual in the interest of the organization to prepare people for the task of holding fort or partaking in the management process. This involves preparing them through the acquisition of necessary skills and competencies to effectively discharge the tasks imposed on them… (Scroll down for the link to get the Complete Chapter One to Five Project Material)



The death of empirical studies on Nigeria management practices, particularly on leadership styles development of the educational sector in Nigeria has been a major constraint. It is necessary to note that the majority of studies on leadership merely describe the inadequacies of management with no empirical data. Hence, the primary objective of this research is to provide empirical studies on management practices on the leadership styles in the education sector.

  • Concept of organizational leadership

Leadership has been a major topic of research in psychology for almost a century and has spawned thousands of empirical and conceptual studies. Despite the level of effort, however, the various parts of this literature still appear discounted and directionless.

In our opinion, a major cause of the state of the field is that many studies of leadership are context-free, that is, low consideration is given to organizational variable that influences the nature and impact of leadership. Such research, especially prominent in the society and organizational psychology literature, tends to focus on interpersonal processes between individuals, nominally leaders, and followers.

Studies that explicitly examine leadership within an organizational context, particularly from the strategic management literature, seen incomplete for other reasons… (Scroll down for the link to get the Complete Chapter One to Five Project Material)

  • Elements of organizational leadership

Stogdill (1999) noted that “there are almost as many definitions of leadership as there are persons who have attempted to define the concept.” We do not wish to add still another, indeed, we suspect that what we might offer would not satisfy all of the chapter authors, much less the entire community of leading scholars.

However, there are central defining elements of organizational leadership that have some consensus in the literature and provide a unifying perspective for the ideas offered here. For the purposes of our discussion, we make the following arguments.

Organizational leadership involves processes and proximal outcomes (such as worker commitment) that contribute to the development and achievement of organizational purpose. Organizational leadership is identified by the application of non-routine influence on organizational life.

Leader influence is grounded in cognitive, social, and political processes. Organizational leadership is inherently bounded by system characteristics and dynamics that is leadership is contextually defined and caused… (Scroll down for the link to get the Complete Chapter One to Five Project Material)

These defining elements and the contextual perspective of organizational leadership are our guiding principles when we planned this book with the chapter authors. As such, we are promoting an alternative view in this book, or perhaps more accurately, we are angling for a more holistic perspective in modeling organizational leadership, Albert at one level of the organization… (Scroll down for the link to get the Complete Chapter One to Five Project Material)

  • Leadership and the organizational context

Most theories of organizational leadership in the psychological literature are largely context-free. For example, leadership is typically considered without adequate regard for the structural considerations that affect and moderate its conduct. We maintain, however, that organizational leadership cannot be modeled effectively without attending to such considerations.

One, particularly strong influence is the organizational level at which leadership occurs. Not only do the fundamental demands and work requirements of leaders change at different levels (Zaccaro, 2008). The hierarchical context of leadership has profound effects on the personal, interpersonal, and organizational choices that can be made, as well as the import that a given choice might have. Clearly a CEO starting a preference for a site for a new factory is different from the case of a department manager’s starting his or her preferences.

Organizational level matters profoundly yet, surprisingly, has been ignored in all but a few leadership models in the literature… (Scroll down for the link to get the Complete Chapter One to Five Project Material)


  • Leadership

Leadership is an elusive concept. Like many complex ideas, it is deceptively easy to use in everyday conversation. Everyone talks about it few understand it. Most people want it, few achieve it. What is this intriguing subject called “leadership”? Perhaps, because most of us want to be leaders, we become emotionally involved when trying to define leadership. Or, perhaps because we know one who is a leader, we try to copy his or her behavior and describe leadership as a “personality.

A common idea that runs through most definitions is the notion that leadership involves influence in one form or the other (Yurki, 1999). The very idea of leadership presupposes the existence of followers. The activity of leadership cannot be carried out without followers to lead and what leaders do is to influence the behavior, beliefs, and feelings of group members in an intended direction (Wright and Taylor, 2008). Maxwell (2000) defines leadership as “influence”. He who thinker the leader and bath anyone following him are only taking a walk”… (Scroll down for the link to get the Complete Chapter One to Five Project Material)


  • Research Design

In collecting data for this research work, the researcher was able to map out a descriptive design in such a way that research questions formulated can be tested and questions were employed to collect data which were relevant to the research work:

  1. Primary data
  2. Secondary data
  • Research population

However, for the purpose of this research work, the research population is the total number of employees in National Hospital Abuja (NHA) totaling (2000). The researcher has chosen the entire working staff under the Administrative Department, Account Section, Computer Section, Personnel section and Clinical Section) as a population.

  • Sample size and sampling techniques

The sample size of 50 respondents was selected out of the two hundred (100) was based on random. Sampling, which consists of 10 top management, 10 middle management, and 30 lower management will provide the researcher a fair representation of the respondents and also give true realistic information needed for the research finding and conclusion.

  • Method of gathering data

There are different methods that are in use in every research work. For the purpose of the study; two types of data were used mainly for the purpose of simplicity, the researcher decided to adopt the multiple-choice questionnaire formats, where the respondents can easily make their choice… (Scroll down for the link to get the Complete Chapter One to Five Project Material)



This chapter deals with the permission and analysis of data obtained in the study. The presentation is illustrated by tabular forms that show the distribution of responses in the study. The presentation, therefore, covers personal data and on the opinion of respondents.

  • Presentation And Analysis Based On Personal Data

Table 1: Age Distribution of the Respondents

Age Respondents Percentage
18-25 5 10
26-35 15 30
36-45 20 40
46-above 10 20
Total 50 100%

The above table shows that 5 (10%) of the respondents have their ages with the range of 18- 25 while the 15 respondents represent (30%) have their ages within 26 – 35. The majority of the respondents were 20 (40%) have their age within the range of 36 – 45, while those ages fall within 45 and above totaled 10 with a percentage score (20%).

This analysis means that majority of the lower management level falls between the age brackets of 36 – 45 years. They understand and realize the importance of organizational leadership styles in the organization.

Table 2: Sex Distribution of the Respondents

Variable (SEX) Respondents Percentage
Male 35 70
Female 15 30
Total 50 100%

The above table shows that majority of the respondents are male, representing 35 (70%), while the female respondents are 15 representing (30%). This shows that male is the majority when it comes to carrying out delegation duties of any kind. This is so because most of the staff have long experience in the educational sector activities… (Scroll down for the link to get the Complete Chapter One to Five Project Material)


  • Conclusion

The establishment of the National Hospital Abuja (NHA) has put an end to the most problems hitherto faced by prospective patients who sought medical services in the tertiary hospitals in Nigeria. It has tremendously harmonized the general admission process and procedure and also redressed professional competence in access to tertiary medical care across the country. Under the present management, it is fully positioned to meet future challenges that may confront it inefficient discharge of its statutory mandate and transform to an internationally acclaimed testing organization… (Scroll down for the link to get the Complete Chapter One to Five Project Material)

  • Recommendations

Finally, Health institutions in Nigeria are regarded as essential, to reduce sicknesses in the life of its citizens and populace for effective organizational performance and Healthy life, the researcher recommends the followings:

  • The federal government should design a program that will support the activities of the Board and also create an official office that will coordinate and monitor the affair of the management.
  • The organizational leadership should make sure that they adopted control techniques to enable them to minimize conflict between the staff and management… (Scroll down for the link to get the Complete Chapter One to Five Project Material)


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Conneli, S. E. (2001). The Manager as a Communicator. New York: McGraw Hills.

Dep, H. F. (1998). New Thinking in Management. London: Heinemann Press. English McDonald and Evans Ltd

Hassan, M. (2009). Business Management.Kaduna: Joyce Publisher.

Jack, D. W. (2002). Essentials of Management. Finland: Dylan Press.

Jones, G. R. & George, J. M. (2006). Contemporary Management. 4th Edition. New York: McGraw Hill. (Leadership Style)(Leadership Style)

Klath, E., Maxwell, A., & Bob, L. (1995). Human Resource Management.Ohio: Merit Publishing Company. (Leadership Style)(Leadership Style)(Leadership Style)

Koontz, H., and Weihrich, H. (2005). Essentials of Management. 6th Edition. New York: McGraw Hill.

(Scroll down for the link to get the Complete Chapter One to Five Project Material)


(Get the Complete Chapter One to Five Project Material)

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