impact OF GOVERNMENT POVERTY REDUCTION programmes IN NIGER state
IMPACT OF GOVERNMENT POVERTY REDUCTION PROGRAMMES IN NIGER STATE
Between 2006 and 2008, this study looked at the impact of the government's poverty-reduction programmes in Niger State, with a focus on the Suleja local Government Area. Some projects were implemented here,
such as the training of women in bead manufacturing, the supply of microfinance loans to the underprivileged, and the establishment of various women/youth skill acquisition facilities.
This was the question or subject under examination.' “Did the poor's participation in poverty reduction programmes (NEEDS) in Niger State's Suleja Local Government Area reduce their level of poverty?”
Did the poor's participation in the training of women in bead manufacturing, the granting of micro-finance loans to the poor, and the establishment of various women/youth skill acquisition centres reduce the poor participants' poverty level?
The method used in data collection in carrying out the investigation was the use of questionnaires designed to capture the needed responses from both the beneficiaries and some government officials,
Focused Group Discussions (FGD) were also used in conjunction with the researcher's observation of the physical environment of the area under study, and finally one-on-one verbal interviews.
In terms of analysis, the hypothesis was tested using tabular presentation and basic percentages of figures.
The One-Group-Pre-Test, Post-Test of O1 X O2 research design was utilised.
A simple group was compared to itself in this design. This design decided that the data collected from diverse sources was not only accurate, but also legitimate, and that the question measured what it was designed to measure.
The following were the primary findings:
i. The poverty reduction programme only lasted three years during the study period (2006-2008), revealing that some of the poor people in Suleja L.G.A participated in the scheme and were awarded loans to start one or more businesses.
ii. The programme lacked continuity in the office of programme officers. Again, this indicated that because officers come and go with the government, putting them in positions of responsibility, the program's long-term impact became untenable.
iii. The programme was not designed specifically for the underprivileged in the districts.
According to the report, some of the poor people who were supposed to profit from the project were unaware of it, while the wealthy and political elites gained the most.
iv. All of the findings above demonstrated that the government's poverty reduction campaign in beads making; supply of micro-finance loans, loans to the poor, and the construction of various women/youth skills acquisition centres positively reduced the poverty of the poor participants.
As a result of the study's findings, the following comments were given as proposals for improvement:
i. Government poverty reduction programmes must be developed in such a way that they reduce poverty among the poor participants for whom they are intended.
ii. A well-defined policy framework with clear principles for poverty reduction is required.
iii. That the issue of continuity and consistency must be addressed in order for effective poverty reduction programme implementation to take place.
vi. There must be no corruption, political trickery, outright kleptomania (forced stealing), or disagreeable looting in the programmes.
v. In order to achieve efficient government poverty plan implementation, political stability should be incorporated in our system of governance.
vi. To reduce the rate of poverty, men, women, and youths should be encouraged and sensitised to the need of poverty reduction activities and empowerment.