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A case study is a type of research approach that is used when conducting a study. The process of researching a phenomenon within its context is known as a case study. To offer fresh perspectives on the research problem, a case study research project examines a phenomenon, an entity, a person, or another subject of examination. A case study needs to offer intriguing information and findings.
In a case study, researchers examine a certain topic in-depth and in detail. in-depth analyses intended to spot patterns and cause-and-effect correlation are carried out regardless of the topic matter. Researchers in the fields of psychology, health, business, social project, anthropology, education, and political science frequently use case studies in their project.
Case studies frequently rely on qualitative data and have a narrow focus, making them highly subjective. One case study’s findings cannot always be extrapolated to the general population. Case studies can be useful resources for formulating a thesis or demonstrating a principle.
They can aid researchers in comprehending, outlining, contrasting, and assessing many facets of a problem or inquiry.
WHEN SHOULD YOU USE A CASE STUDY?
Case studies are frequently used to collect qualitative data during the exploratory stage of a study. They may also be employed to develop, support, or disprove a hypothesis and direct future investigations. To find out why a viral marketing effort was so successful, for instance, a marketing expert can do a case study.
Then, students can use the case study’s insights to inform their future marketing endeavors. A case study could be used by a psychologist to develop a theory about the most effective technique to treat a certain disorder. After that, the notion may be put to the test in a sizable controlled study.
Case studies are a useful tool for delving deeply into a real-world topic, demonstrating a point, talking about the ramifications or significance of an event, or contrasting the experiences of various people. A case study may be used by a trainer to bring to life what would otherwise be an abstract list of suggested actions or to start a discussion on how to react in a particular scenario.
Similarly to this, educators might ask students questions to gauge their grasp of the topic and use case studies to highlight important ideas from a lecture. Case studies may be the sole ethical method for gathering quantitative data in some circumstances.
For instance, case studies are frequently the basis for the recommendations that doctors make about what is or is not safe during pregnancy. Doctors rely on the anecdotal data offered by case studies to establish correlations and make their conclusions because it would not be morally acceptable to perform a controlled study that subjects expectant women to possibly dangerous chemicals.
Case studies can be used to collect information that would otherwise be difficult or impracticable to get. Students frequently turn to case studies when they don’t have the time or means to undertake extensive research for their thesis or dissertation.
To gauge the success rate of reintroduction of rehabilitated animals into the wild, zoologists may refer to past case studies. Case studies could be used by a historian to investigate the methods tyrants employed to seize and hold onto power.
If you’re experiencing difficulty deciding on a case study for your investigation, here are some recommendations to help you make the best possible selection.
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- Find a study that pertains to your research question/topic
If you know exactly what you want to learn from your investigation, selecting the appropriate case study will be a breeze. Think carefully about the subject you intend to investigate next. Once you know exactly what it is you’re trying to accomplish with your study, you can begin to explore case studies that fit in with your overall theme.
To put it another way, the case study you select should align with the findings of your research. Choosing a case study that doesn’t relate to the overall topic of the study will simply serve to impede its progression.
Let’s imagine you’re researching the textile industry, but you decide to use a case study from Agriculture, no matter how many times the case study references the textile sector in the text, readers will still be confused.
To get the best results, use a case study from the textile sector. It will provide you with primary sources and feedback from industry insiders, enhancing the quality of your study.
- Check the case study’s generalizability.
Case studies are often used as a representative sample when researching a larger population. Your study will fail if you pick a case that doesn’t accurately represent the full phenomenon. Always go for a case study that can be applied to a wide range of situations.
You may need to cut down your options for the case study and analyze them individually to discover which one has the universal appeal. While this method may be time-consuming, it is the best technique to guarantee that the research’s conclusions apply to the complete event. Check to see if the case study includes enough data to draw any conclusions about the theory you’re testing.
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- Make sure the case study is up-to-date and applicable to the present situation.
One of the most important things to think about when selecting a case study is its relevance. Similar to the case study’s broad appeal, relevancy is a prerequisite condition. To be effective, case study research must be timely and relevant to both the target audience and the current moment.
You must also evaluate the relevance of the research paper’s findings to the current state of knowledge in the field. If it is not relevant, you may want to rethink your research topic and the case study you used.
In conclusion, Researchers acknowledge that case studies are time-consuming but insist that they are the best method available. Results from surveys, A/B testing, and other solitary research methods may be inaccurate. However, the best research findings are always uncovered through the use of a proper case study.