ELECTORAL PRACTICES AND VOTING PATTERN IN NIGERIA
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Elections are the next logical sure thing in every democracy after death and taxes. Nigeria, a 1914 merged nation, obtained independence in 1960, became a republic in 1963, fought a civil war from 1965 to 1970, had coups and counter-coups, restored to civil rule, but remains plagued by electoral malpractices.
Nigeria's union was a spiritual attempt by British masters to promote administrative convenience, economic maximisation, and political togetherness.
Nigeria held its first election in September 1922. The Clifford constitution was responsible for introducing the elected idea. Since the first election, it has been suggested. Nigeria has not been short of voting irregularities.
The real question is why are Nigerian election outcomes so contentious. The explanation is straightforward: it is all about malpractice. Politics has been described as the sum of all activities related with a country's governance.
It is the art or science of governing a group or a country. An election is a formal decision-making process in which a population, people, or electorate selects an individual or individuals to represent them in government. It is the most powerful chance for electorates to have a say in governance afforded by legislation.
Electoral malpractices in Nigeria have clogged the wheel of decent administration. election malpractices are any act or omission that attempts to or effectively circumvents the election process in order to favour a specific candidate or party.
It is any wrongdoing that has an impact on electoral procedures, electorates, or electoral materials. The following are examples of electoral malpractice.
Partisanship among election officials
Voting by minors and impersonation
Election materials are being diverted.
Theft of ballot boxes, for example.
Voting patterns have a significant impact on election outcomes, although there exist voting patterns by electorates. The key elements that determine voting patterns in the United States, for example, include The voting trend is influenced by race, philosophy (liberals, moderates, and conservatives), and party affiliation.
Tribe and party affiliation have a significant influence on voting patterns in Nigeria. remaining than ethnicity and religion, the remaining characteristics are minor. The 2015 Nigerian general elections have passed, yet the unmistakable features they left on our memories will persist for some time.
Aside from the fact that the election resulted in the defeat of a reigning administration, it also revealed the unwavering influence of ethnicity in people's voting patterns.
Although. While one could argue that ethnicity has always been a part in Nigerian politics, the 2015 general elections were notable in some aspects. Before the start of the April 2015 presidential election,
political analysts drew conclusions from the already established voting patterns of Nigeria electorates, stating that the all progressive congress (APC) will with and that the battle will be tough.
However, for the sake of this study, we will concentrate on electoral fraud and voting patterns in the 2015 election, with a particular emphasis on the 2015 governorship race in Abia state.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
This study investigates the extent to which electoral malpractices and voting patterns influenced the outcome of the 2015 governorship election in Abia states.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The following objectives were established for the purposes of this study:
(i) Determine the extent of electoral tampering and tribal emotions during the election.
(ii) Determine the impact of bribing electoral officers on election outcomes.
(iii) To propose solutions to ensure free and fair elections in Abia State.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This research work will be a useful document for future investigations, making it a valuable tool. Furthermore, this research will provide a framework for dealing with the issues of electoral malpractical voting patterns in Abia State and Nigeria as a whole. If the ideas made are followed, it will be a huge help to government personnel when making decisions about electoral crimes.
SCOPE AND ORGANISATION OF THE STUDY
The objective of this study was electoral malpractices and voting patterns in Nigeria: a cause-and-effect analysis of the 2015 governorship election in Abia-States. It investigates how election fraud and voting patterns influenced the election outcome as proclaimed by the independent National Electoral Commission (INEC).
This study is divided into four sections, the first of which is the background of the study, which includes an introduction, statement of the problem, aims of the study, significance of the study, scope, and organisation of the investigation.
Section two focuses on the subject's literature assessment, theoretical framework, and conceptual concerns. Section three also focuses on qualitative analysis.
This section is divided into three sections: review of electoral malpractices and voting patterns in the 2015 Abia Governorship election, assessment/findings of the election outcome, and finally. Section four focuses on the summary, Recommendation, and Conclusion.