Context of the Study
The irregular school attendance and persistently poor academic performance of secondary school pupils have attracted the interest and concern of school administrators, classroom teachers, parents/guidance, educational administrators, governments, and the National Universities Commission (NUC).
In the United States, each state and the District of Columbia have enacted compulsory school attendance laws that date from the earliest adoption in Massachusetts in 1852 to the latest adoption in Alaska in 1929. Students who choose not to attend school regularly are in violation of the law and, as a result, are the focus of many public scoffing campaigns.
Now the question is whether irregular school attendance is the violent destroyer of academic achievement.
Psychologists and Psychiatrists view irregular school attendance as an indication of disruption in students. It is assumed that the students should be evaluated by specialists.
Truancy will be evaluated from sociological viewpoints. Here, truancy is based on an individual’s response to school or societal events.
There is no precise definition of truancy. According to the Oxford Dictionary, truancy is the habit of missing school without permission. A youngster who misses school without a valid excuse is playing truant. Some writers define truancy as all absences, regardless of the reason.
According to Manroe (1998), the pupil who plays truancy is generally a difficult, anxious, and highly sensitive individual who needs to escape from reality. He also has a low status in class and has difficulty interacting with other students. He wanders away from these difficulties and in at least half of the cases drifts into delinquency.
Marklund (2002) states, the typical persistent truant is unhappy at home, unpopular at school, and unsuccessful in his classwork. He is rarely an articulate critic of contemporary society and its educational values. He is typically a child failing to cope satisfactorily with his difficulties and in need of assistance?
Recently, there was an Easter holiday that began on Friday, 22nd and ended on Monday, 25th March, 2008; students are expected to resume classes on Tuesday, 26th March, 2008; however, some students refuse to resume classes on that day (A case study in the University of Benin). This attitude is seen by some students as a carry over from primary and secondary schools, as it is typical of secondary schools at the beginning of every new school year.
The prevalence of absenteeism in elementary schools is not unique to schools in the state of Edo, Nigeria, or outside of Nigeria. Truancy is currently at the top of the governmentalist of educational challenges to address (Ken Reid, Swansea Institute of Higher Education, U.K.). Truancy is applicable to tough situations, but here the focus is on irregular school attendance and persistently poor academic performance.
Statement of the Issue
This has been their overall approach to helping late comers, truants, and absentees. Upon this background, the researchers intend to investigate the causes of truancy among primary school students and its educational repercussions with the aim of providing useful suggestions to eliminate the social threats posed by truancy.
In order to investigate this topic, the following particular questions were posed:
Is there a difference in timeliness between students from affluent homes and those from impoverished homes?
Does the attitude of professors toward students contribute to absenteeism among students?
Exists a behavioral distinction between youngsters in a good peer group and those in a negative peer group?
Are students from poorly equipped schools more likely to skip school than those from well-equipped schools?
Purpose of Research
The objective of this study is:
Examine the incidence of tardiness, truancy, and absence in secondary schools.
Investigate the causes of absenteeism in elementary schools.
To examine the impact of absenteeism on kids’ academic achievement.
To find ways to reduce tardiness, truancy, and absenteeism.
Importance of the Research
These are the significance of this study:
To create solutions that can aid educators, parents, educational support services, and the government in enhancing the educational system and reducing the dropout rate, as well as enhancing primary school performance.
To aid parents in making decisions that will improve their children’s educational and social performance.
To aid the students by offering a solution to their unique challenge.
This would increase the educational accomplishments of our society’s younger generation, particularly in the Esan South-East Local Government Area of Edo State.
Scope and Boundaries of the Study
The scope of the study is a selection of elementary schools in the Esan South-East Local Government Area of Edo State.
There are expectations that regular school attendance is the first step to achieving higher intelligence and success in Education. Truants are always uninteresting in class and outside of school, and some of them do poorly on class tests and exams.
This study is predicated on the following hypotheses:
Lack of parental encouragement causes absenteeism.
Too much independence granted by parents to their children creates absenteeism.
absenteeism is caused by a lack of interest in school activities, such as labor.
absenteeism is caused by a lack of motivation from instructors and school administrators.
The absence of a good relationship between teachers and students is the root of absenteeism.
If the school is too far from the student’s residence, truancy may result.
The child’s peer group may contribute to truancy.
Inadequate school amenities contribute to truancy.
Constraints of the Study
The following restriction may have an effect on the findings:
Financial issues may hinder the researcher’s ability to collect data and communicate with clients.
Time is the primary restriction of this investigation.
The quantity of questionnaires employed.
I hope that these restrictions will not impact the findings.
Explanation of Terms
Clientele: All of an organization’s clients.
Delinquency: Inappropriate or unlawful behavior
Different from what the majority of people believe to be normal and acceptable.
Because of anxiety, neurotic behavior entails acting irrationally and erratically.
A irrational and irrationally intense fear or hatred of something.