BRAIN DRAIN AND national development IN NIGERIA
BRAIN DRAIN AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
The focus of this paper is on assessing the expropriation of Nigeria's important human resources through brain drain and the ramifications for the country's overall growth.
Nigeria has been designated as a top emigration country due to the constant exodus of its human resources to all corners of the globe. Despite disagreements over the exact number of Nigerians in the diaspora, Nigeria is among the top remittance receiving countries in the world.
The relevance of brain drain for Nigeria is that it functions as a feeder zone for other countries' human resource needs, particularly wealthy countries. Without a doubt,
the deterioration of Nigeria's human resources has had far-reaching negative consequences for the country's growth trajectory, as essential highly qualified professionals required for national development are lost.
As the focal point of its examination, this study focuses on key development sectors of the Nigerian economy, such as health, domestic investment, and technology acquisition and transfer.
Its goals are to investigate the impact of brain drain on the efficiency of Nigeria's healthcare delivery system, how domestic investment incentives have boosted diaspora-led investment in the Nigerian economy, and whether tighter regulation of the global intellectual property regime is amenable to brain gain that can facilitate technology transfer.
We generated relevant data through secondary sources and analysed it in the tradition of qualitative descriptive methodology using a one-group time series research design using a combination of public choice and modern world system theories synthesised from the political economy theoretical framework.
According to the report, the brain drain depletes Nigeria's supply of health experts, resulting in inefficient healthcare delivery. This depletion is sustained by successive Nigerian governments' lack of political will to address the conditions that encourage the exodus of its highly skilled health workforce and the relaxing of immigration regulations by Western countries.
Through diaspora-led investments in the Nigerian economy, Nigeria's domestic investment profile has grown. The tightening of the worldwide regime of intellectual property rights is discouraging diasporaled industrial investments in technology transfer.
In the lack of concerted domestic initiatives in that way, the difficulty of diaspora integration in Nigerian development is locatable.