THE IMPACT OF COVID 19 ON THE NIGERIAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM, IN THE CASE OF ENUGU STATE FROM 2019 TO 2021
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of covid-19 on education in Nigeria. The following aims led this study: to assess Covid-19 viral awareness among Nigerian students, to investigate the influence of Covid-19 on education in Nigeria, and to assess the aftereffects of the Covid-19 pandemic on the Nigerian education system.
The descriptive and explanatory design was used in the study, and data was collected via questionnaires as well as library research. Data was examined using the chi square statistical technique at a 5% level of significance and presented in frequency tables and percentages utilizing primary and secondary data sources.
The study’s participants were 100 instructors and students from several secondary schools in Abuja, FCT, Nigeria. The study findings revealed that the Covid-19 epidemic has had a substantial impact on education in Nigeria; according on the study findings, schools require resources to restore the loss in learning that occurred during the pandemic.
The study’s context
A few months ago, the World Health Organization (WHO) Director General proclaimed the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak on January 30th, 2020, a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). In 2019, there was concern about the impact of a trade war between the United States and China, as well as the US presidential elections and Brexit on the global economy.
As a result of these factors, the IMF forecasted 3.4 percent global growth. However, COVID-19 – the sickness caused by SARS-CoV-2, a novel strain of coronavirus from the SARS species – unexpectedly transformed the prognosis. Fear and uncertainty, as well as a rational estimate that corporations’ profits will be lower as a result of the impact of COVID-19, caused global stock markets to lose almost US$6 trillion in worth in one week from February 24th to February 28th.
The S&P 500 index lost more than $5 trillion in value in the same week in the United States, while the S&P 500’s top ten firms lost more than $1.4 trillion (https://www.reuters.com), however some of this was regained the following week. Some of the value fall was attributable to investors’ logical judgement that corporate profits would decline as a result of the coronavirus’s impact.
The global COVID-19 outbreak has touched millions of pupils, and school closures have frequently taken them, their instructors, and their families off guard. For others, it means missing class entirely, while others are experimenting with online learning and frequently encounter technical difficulties, as well as motivational and psychosocial well-being issues.
These issues highlight a crucial deficiency in school-based contingency planning within the context of broader education sector preparedness and disaster management. (https://www.brookings.edu). Education sector readiness attempts to protect children and instructors, plan for educational continuity, and protect education sector investments, all of which lead to increased resilience via education.
According to the NCDC National Disease Control Center) Services preparedness guidance for school-based pandemics, school-based outbreaks frequently give rise to community-wide outbreaks; thus, planning and practicing for such epidemics is an act of safeguarding not only the health of students and staff, but also the health of the larger community.
Much of the global school advise for the present COVID-19 epidemic focuses on keeping schools safe and children and teachers physically healthy through nonpharmaceutical personal and environmental measures (NPIs). This involves communicating about simple preventative measures such as encouraging children and staff to remain home when they are unwell, concealing coughs and sneezes, frequently washing hands, and sanitizing commonly touched surfaces and objects.
Other schools in communities with isolated cases of the virus are implementing community NPIs such as increasing the space between students to at least three feet, making attendance and sick-leave policies more flexible, postponing or canceling large school events, and temporarily dismissing students.
1.2 THE PROBLEM’S STATEMENT
The pandemic of corona virus illness (COVID-19) in Nigeria has increased tensions and worry among the country’s inhabitants. Unlike previous outbreaks in this country, the virus is highly contagious and causes severe indications and symptoms. The question of how to provide excellent educational continuity remotely while simultaneously supporting not only learning but also the psychosocial well-being of both students and educators is crucial to effective readiness and reaction.
This lack of study and guidelines for establishing educational continuity is dangerous, because education is a type of psychosocial support that supports overall well-being during times of crisis. Children and teens affected by disasters can benefit from intentional investments in education-based psychosocial assistance and social and emotional learning. Indeed, psychological well-being is a crucial precursor to learning and has a considerable impact on both people’ and society’ future prospects.
This COVID-19 outbreak will almost certainly not be the last to disrupt school continuity, especially given research on how climate change may alter infectious disease occurrence. Schools must quickly update their emergency preparation strategies by creating contingency plans that cover not only school-based preventative and safety measures for epidemics, but also ways to continue educating and supporting kids and staff if schools are closed.
1.3 The study’s purpose
The study’s aims are as follows:
Determine the link between corona virus disease (COVID-19) and educational engagement.
Determine COVID19 prevention techniques in the educational sector
determining the influence of COVID19 on education
To assess the impact of corona virus disease (COVID-19) on student well-being.
1.4 Hypotheses for research
The researcher developed the following research hypotheses in order to successfully complete the study:
H0: No link exists between corona virus disease (COVID-19) and educational activity.
H1: A link exists between coronavirus illness (COVID-19) and educational engagement.
COVID19 has no effect on education, according to H02.
COVID19 has an impact on education.
The study on the influence of corona virus illness (COVID-19) on education in Nigeria will be extremely beneficial to all Nigerians, the educational sector, and the Nigerian federal government. The study will investigate the incidence of corona virus illness (COVID-19), its causes, and its impact on the Nigerian educational system.
The research will educate the public about the mode of transmission of the corona virus disease (COVID-19) and the preventive measures that will be implemented. The study will educate the Nigerian government on how to develop policies to reduce the prevalence of corona virus illness (COVID-19) and how to boost the Nigerian economy during this time period.
The study will act as a repository of information for other academics who wish to conduct comparable research on the aforementioned topic. Finally, the study will add to the body of literature on the influence of corona virus illness (COVID-19) on Nigerian education.
1.7 Study scope and limitations
The study’s scope includes the impact of COVID19 on schooling in Enugu State, Nigeria. The researcher comes upon a constraint that limits the scope of the investigation;
a) RESEARCH MATERIAL AVAILABILITY: The researcher’s research material is insufficient, restricting the scope of the investigation.
b) TIME: The study’s time frame does not allow for broader coverage because the researcher must balance other academic activities and examinations with the study.
1.8 TERM DEFINITION
INFECTIOUS EPIDEMIC: Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungus; the diseases can be passed from person to person, either directly or indirectly. EDUCATIONAL SECTOR: A group of institutions (ministries of education, local educational authorities, teacher training institutions, schools, universities, and so on) whose principal goal is to educate children and young people in educational settings.
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a viral infection caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.
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