THE STUDY’S BACKGROUND
It would be extremely beneficial to discuss guidance and counseling and how it came to Nigeria. Before delving into the need for a counseling center in a secondary school in Edo state, I will first examine the terms guidance and counseling, which can be used separately or interchangeably, though they are not required syndromes. Guidance is an umbrella term for both guidance and counseling, while counseling is an essential component of guidance.
Some authors claim that attempts to distinguish between guidance and counselling have resulted in no discernible degree of meaning. They go on to say that the distinctions are artificial and that the terms could be interchangeable.
Downing (1992) defines guidance as “assistance given to enable a person to gain clarification of the essence of this like.” The essence is meaningful selfhood, individual freedom, dignity, equality of opportunity, responsible citizenship, and meaningful activity in work and leisure.
Shertzer and Stone (1996) define guidance as a process that assists an individual in better understanding himself and the people with whom he interacts. It is also the process of assisting an individual in discovering his or her vocational, social, and psychological potentials, as well as development.
Mertin et al. (1995) defined counseling as a process that occurs in a pone-relationship between an individual who is faced with a problem that he cannot cope with alone and a professional worker whose training and experience qualify him to assist others in arriving at a solution interaction that occurs between two individuals that is a counselor and a client or counselee
Counseling, according to Eduwen (1994), is a contact between a counselor and a counselee to help him overcome his crises, whereas guidance and counseling services are desirable responses to social needs and aspirations.
A counseling center is necessary at all levels of education; however, there is no record of any counseling centers in secondary schools in Edo State’s Oredo Local Government Area. Due to a lack of counseling, these students are unable to identify their talents. Furthermore, many students are unaware of the significance of education and the work that surrounds them, and as a result, they do not take their surroundings seriously.
All principals, heads of schools, and parents believe that the purpose of education is solely for the child to acquire knowledge, but this is not the case. The goal of education will be well defined if students can choose a trade or vocation based on their interests or ambitions.
With no counseling centers in secondary schools, the number of school dropouts, juvenile delinquency, armed robbery, and other social ills such as disrespect for constituted authorities and a slew of others will continue to rise.
It will also investigate whether ignorance of the usefulness of counseling is a major impediment to the establishment of counseling centers in secondary schools in Edo State’s Oredo Local Government Area and make appropriate recommendations to the authorities concerned.
THE STUDY’S IMPORTANCE
This study is significant in secondary schools in Edo State’s Oredo Local Government Area for the following reasons. It will also allow the researcher and others to obtain firsthand information on how counseling centers will be provided in secondary schools in Edo State’s Oredo Local Government Area.
This research is also important because it will help to fine-tune students’ individual problems, allowing them to overcome them and improve effective teaching and learning. It will be extremely beneficial to students, teachers, parents, society, counselors, elected officials, and many others.
It will also help to instill good morals in students, allowing them to recognize the value of education and motivate them to work hard in order to succeed. It will be extremely inappropriate for teachers and students who may have experienced a variety of complex problems related to their careers.
Furthermore, practicing counseling will enable teachers to consider the findings of this study useful in the performance of their duties.
Finally, the researcher hopes that the findings of this study will assist educational planners in recognizing the need for counseling centers in secondary schools in Edo State’s Oredo Local Government Area.
THE STUDY’S OBJECTIVE
This study was conducted in a few selected secondary schools in Edo State’s Oredo Local Government Area.
These schools does includes:
1. Secondary School of Oredo
Uwelu Secondary School is number two.
Eweka Secondary School is number three.
4. The School’s Standard Group
5. Blessed St. Paul’s Memorial School
6. The school’s Step Forward group
In addition, some homes in Oredo Local Government Area were visited.
QUESTIONS FOR RESEARCH
1. Is a secondary school counseling center necessary?
2. Will the establishment of a counseling center in secondary schools benefit both parents and teachers?
3. Is there any benefit to teachers from the establishment of counseling units in secondary schools?
4. Will secondary school counseling centers assist students?
DEFINITION TO TERMS
Guidance: Assistance or advice given to someone by someone with more experience.
Counseling is the act of listening to people and offering them assistance with their problems.
Client – a person or organization who seeks the services of a professional.
Centers are places where specific activities are carried out.
Implementation entails taking action or making changes that you have officially directed should occur.
Authority refers to the authority you have as a result of your official position or because people respect your knowledge and experience.
That is something that could or might happen.
Competent: Capable of doing some things well, capable of doing what is required.
Investigate: Being unique, not being like others, and keeping things unique.
That is absolutely necessary.
Juvenile Delinquency: A young person who commits a crime.