THE CAUSES AND EFFECT OF MALNUTRITION AMONG children BETWEEN AGES ONE TO FIFTEEN (1-15) YEARS
THE CAUSES AND EFFECT OF MALNUTRITION AMONG CHILDREN BETWEEN AGES ONE TO FIFTEEN (1-15) YEARS
INTRODUCTION TO CHAPTER ONE
BACKGROUND OF THE study
Millions of youngsters in developing countries are malnourished. There is currently a vast and growing body of information indicating that inadequate nutrition has an impact on children's cognitive, motor, and behavioural development both pre and postnatally.
The situation is further worsened by the fact that children who suffer from poor nutrition typically originate from a poor socio-cultural milieu and face a slew of deprivation and disadvantages that can be damaging to their intellectual and behavioural development.
This is why the researcher felt it was crucial to be involved in such an important period of the child's development. Nobody can deny that the rate at which children under the age of fifteen (15) years suffer is a national emergency.
Poor nutrition is still a worldwide issue as of 2006. According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation, “850 million people worldwide were undernourished from 1999 to 2005, the most recent years for which figures were available,” and the number of malnourished people has recently increased (FAO, 2007).
Researchers generally focus on motor and cognitive development when analysing the influence of poor nutrition on a child's development.
However, it is crucial to assess social and emotional development as well, as these aspects may be equally if not more significant to an individual's long-term success.
STATEMENT OF THE problems
The goal of this study is to determine the impact of poor nutrition on children under the age of fifteen (15) in the Oredo local government area of Edo State. As a result, the study's issues have taken the following forms over the years:
What are the root causes of the area's poor nutrition?
Is there any effect of poor nutrition on malnourished children?
Is there a link between prenatal and postnatal nutrition?
Children who are malnourished face setbacks in their academic pursuits.
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The study's goal is to discover the following:
To investigate the reasons of low nutrition in Edo State's Oredo local government area.
To investigate the impact of malnourished children on inadequate nutrition.
To investigate the association between prenatal and postnatal nutrition.
To investigate the academic performance of children who are malnourished.
The research questions listed below were developed.
Does inadequate nutrition in children result in poor motor development, low activity level, indifference, and lack of interest in the environment?
Does poor diet have a direct impact on the central nervous system of children?
Could the children's nutrition during their first fifteen years effect their academic pursuit?
Do well-nourished children outperform starving youngsters in school?
IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY
The following are some of the advantages that could be gained from the research findings:
It will provide parents with important information on how to effectively supply their children with the required nourishment.
Identifying the reasons of inadequate nutrition in children and implementing the suggestions made by various nutritional agencies would result in a better and healthier generation.
The findings of the study will be useful to parents, the government, child rights and well-being consultants, and educational planners.
Finally, this study activity tends to make her results and recommendations an excellent beginning point for future research in a related topic.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The report is based on the current situation of children under the age of fifteen in Edo State's Oredo local government area. The scope will include a few settlements in the surrounding area.
LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
Because of the following reasons, the research is limited to a few settlements rather than the entire state of the country:
Time is running out.
Materials availability, access to essential information, and so on.
It also restricted the use of questionnaires to representative communities obtained using basic random sampling techniques.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Anti-natal nutrition is the consumption of required food substances to protect the unborn child from harm before and after delivery.
Cognitive development refers to the steady expansion of a child's mental process of comprehending.
Development refers to progressive growth that gets more advanced, stronger, and efficient.
Intellectual development refers to the growth of a child's ability to think logically and understand.
Malnutrition is a bad state of health caused by a lack of food or the wrong sort of food.
Motor development is the steady expansion of body movement produced by muscles and controlled by nerves.
Nutrition is the process by which living organisms receive the food substances they require to produce energy and materials for their development, activity, and reproduction.
Poor nutrition refers to having a very tiny amount of an essential nutrient.
Post-natal nutrition is the process of providing nutrients to a newborn infant in order for them to develop properly physically, cognitively, and emotionally.
Prenatal: This is the intake of essential nutrients by pregnant women for the normal growth of their unborn child.