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The study looked on the causes and effects of malnutrition in children in the Ovia North East Local Government Area, with mothers and health workers as the primary population. The sampling approach was used to select the respondents. We employed the questionnaire method. Questions like:

1. Do moms have knowledge of and awareness of correct nutritional practises?

2. Is a lack of nutrition education to blame for inadequate feeding?

3. Does famine contribute to malnutrition?

Malnutrition is prevalent among youngsters in the Ovia North East Local Government Area, and it is caused by ignorance, according to an investigation. Finally, recommendations were made based on the findings.

Ignorance and poverty are the primary causes of malnutrition. The government should pay more attention to poverty reduction.

Finally, there is little question that these projects will help raise mother’s awareness about the causes and consequences of malnutrition in Ovia North East Local Government, Edo State.



Malnutrition is a word that is exclusive to developing and underdeveloped countries.

Malnutrition has been characterised in several ways. For example, Marian Hill (1989) defines malnutrition as a lack of certain important food ingredients in one’s diet.

Malnutrition is defined by Billies Nurses Dictionary (18th edition) as a condition in which nutrition is deficient in quantity.

Malnutrition is a condition in which a person’s body does not receive adequate nutrients. The condition might be caused by an inadequate or unbalanced diet, digestive issues, absorption issues, or other medical concerns.

Malnutrition is a broad term for a medical condition caused by an improper or insufficient diet. It frequently refers to under nutrition caused by insufficient consumption or excessive loss of nutrients,

but it can also refer to over nutrition caused by overeating or excessive intake of specific nutrients. Malnutrition occurs when an individual does not receive an adequate number or quality of nutrients from a healthy diet for an extended length of time.

Malnutrition occurs when people eat but not in sufficient quantities. A condition in which there is a lack or excess of any of the important food groups, such as carbs, fat, protein, and so on.

A body system requires the six food classes in the proper proportions to offer growth, excellent health, and energy to keep the body system in good form and to prevent diseases. Individuals will suffer if this is not present. Malnutrition over an extended period of time can lead to famine, sickness, and infection.

According to Jean Ziegler (2007), malnutrition is caused by a number of factors. First, insufficient agricultural produce may prevent adequate and nutritious food from being available.

Malnutrition is a disorder that occurs when the body does not receive enough vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients to support healthy tissues and organ function.

Malnutrition might be so slight that no symptoms appear. However, in certain circumstances, the damage done may be irreversible, even if the individual survives.

Malnutrition remains a major issue around the world, particularly among youngsters who are unable to care for themselves sufficiently. Poverty, natural disasters, political issues, and conflict are all factors that contribute to epidemics of malnutrition and hunger.

This is not limited to developing countries; symptoms vary depending on the individual malnutrition-related disease. However, other common symptoms include weariness, disorientation, weight loss, and a weakened immune system.

Malnourished people typically do not consume enough calories or consume a diet deficient in proteins, vitamins, and trace minerals. Medical conditions caused by malnutrition are known as deficiency diseases, and include kwashiokor, marasmus, anaemia, and others.

Malnutrition is defined by Nkeiruka Nwabah (2001) as a state of reduced functional ability or insufficient structural integrity or development caused by a discrepancy between the supply of vital nutrients to body tissues and the specific biological demand for them.

Malnutrition’s causes are as varied as its clinical and subclinical forms. Primary malnutrition is caused by an insufficient intake of critical nutrients as a result of a shortage of food due to crop failure, war or poverty, economic depression, and a variety of other reasons, many of which are related to the external environment.

Another element of nutritional concerns is “over nutrition” and excessive food intake, which affects a huge part of the population and has resulted in obesity as well as other diseases often associated with civilization.


In recognition of the fact that malnutrition has been a concern among children in our culture, contributing to a high rate of delayed growth, preventing children from growing normally. Malnutrition’s problems or the causes of malnutrition are as follows:

Loss of appetite: This occurs when a child refuses to eat, maybe because the baby is sick or because the child dislikes the food.

Poverty: One of the reasons of malnutrition in our culture today; this is when there isn’t enough money to buy the food we need.

According to Michael Wines, 10% of all low-income households do not always have enough nutritious food to consume, and protein-energy malnutrition affects 50% of surgical patients and 48% of all other hospital patients.

Malnutrition can occur as a result of a single vitamin deficiency, or as a result of a person not eating enough.

Inadequate food supply: This is when people do not get enough food, or when enough food is not supplied into the country.

Food taboos are foods that are forbidden by humans for one reason or another. Religious or cultural beliefs, for example, have no scientific basis and have been passed down from generation to generation.

As a result, the individual is deprived of eating a balanced diet.


The goal of this study is to look at the causes and effects of childhood malnutrition. The work attempts to achieve the following goals:

to comprehend the causes and consequences of malnutrition

To learn more about malnutrition

to understand the issues around malnutrition and how to prevent them

To educate individuals about the dangers of malnutrition


Based on this research, the following research questions have been developed for testing:

Is it true that mothers are aware of correct nutritional practises?

Does the child’s nutritional practise depend on his or her financial situation?

Is poor feeding caused by a lack of nutrition education?

Is malnutrition caused by starvation?

Do moms understand the origins and symptoms of nutritional illnesses, as well as how to treat them?


There is no substantial association between maternal awareness and nutritional practises.

There is a strong link between a child’s financial situation and his or her food habits.

There is a strong link between nutrition education and inadequate feeding.

There is a strong link between famine and malnutrition.

There is no substantial association between mothers’ understanding of nutritional illness causes and symptoms.


This study teaches children and parents about malnutrition and its symptoms, as well as how to prevent malnutrition and care for those who are malnourished.

This study will aim to educate parents/guardians on the benefits of a healthy nutritious diet and the disadvantages of not eating well.

This research will also help us understand the reasons and problems associated with malnutrition in our society, as well as how we might address them.


This study is strictly limited to youngsters in Edo State’s Ovia North East Local Government Area.


It would be necessary at this point to define some of the terms utilised in this study.

Strange, unusual, belonging alone to one person, place, or object exceptional.

Absorption: To take in, merge into oneself or oneself, to engage one’s attention or interest.

Pathology is the study of disease.

Calorie: A unit of heat, a unit of food’s energy producing value.

Having the distinguishing characteristics of a specific sort of person or item.

Extreme: Very great or intense, at the end (s), on the outskirts, going to considerable lengths in actions or views, extreme degree or act or situation.

Sufficient: When something is sufficient

Term: A fixed or limited period of time, such as a week in which a law court or a school meets.

Malnutrition: Malnutrition, malnourished, unwell people who are deficient.

Inadequate: insufficient, insufficient

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