FUNDAMENTAL PROBLEMS FACING MODERN SOCIETY IN GENERAL AND THE NIGERIAN SOCIETY
Violence is defined as the intentional use of physical force, whether threatened or used, against oneself, another person, or a group or community, resulting in damage, death, psychological harm, mal-development, or deprivation. “No one concerned with history and politics can remain unaware of the enormous role violence has always played in human affairs” .
The ambition for political dominance through violence is widespread in Nigeria, as evidenced by experience and history. people no longer understand the distinction between violence and power,
and they tend to handle conflicts with violence, which is repressive. Over the years, philosophers and social theorists have addressed the issue of political violence;
Charles Wright Mills asserts that “all politics is a struggle for power, and the ultimate kind of power is violence.” Festus Iyayi, who depicts violence in society as a result of discontent and separation between the oppressed masses and the government, encourages legitimate violence by colonised people against foreign colonisers.
In the preface to Frantz Fanon's Wretched of the Earth, Jean Paul Satre celebrated violence, claiming that only violence provides a necessary reaction to the brutality of colonialism, and so on.
Hannah Arendt, a German-born Jewish American political theorist, approaches the subject of political violence by redefining and distinguishing the connected notions of power, violence, and fear.
She believes that simply stating that power and violence are not synonymous is insufficient. Power and violence are diametrically opposed; where one reigns supreme, the other is absent.
Violence has taken over politics in Nigeria, and people like Boko Haram, niger-Delta militants, Arewa youths, and others use violence to secure power through violent actions such as bombings, assassinations, political riots, denial of electioneering rights, ethnic and religious crises, and so on.