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ECONOMICS UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS RESEARCH WORKS AND MATERIALS

ECONOMIC IMPACT ANALYSIS OF VALUE CHAIN DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (VCDP) ON FOOD SECURITY AND PRODUCTIVITY OF RICE FARMERS IN NIGER STATE

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CHAPTER ONE

1.1. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

The value chain describes the full range of activities that firms and workers do to bring a product from its conception to its end use and beyond (WBCSD, 2011).The three main pillars of the Value Chain Addition (VCA), namely production, processing and marketing of the produce, are the main aspects that relate directly to the food security framework. The reason for the existence of a value chain is that goods, services or information are passed on to the different actors. Low productivity undermines potential food production and stifles income quality and keeps many farming families impoverished, hungry and undernourished. Inability to access capital to buy modern inputs reduces productivity yield of smallholder farmers knowing how much we rely on farm produce for our daily consumption and the process or efforts put into production, marketing and distribution; farmers‟ livelihood hasn’t been improved evenly and therefore, some still leave below the poverty line. Through value addition interventions, it seems promising for their livelihood to be improved.

1.3. MS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The major aim of the study is to examine economic impact analysis of value chain development program on food security and productivity of rice farmers in Niger state, Nigeria. Other specific objectives of the study include;

  1. To examine the benefits of value chain development program on farmer’s productivity and security.
  2. To examine the productivity level of the rice farmers through value chain development program.
  3. To examine the economic impact of value chain development program on food security and productivity of rice farmers in Niger state.
  4. To identify the constraints and opportunities in rice value chain and to recommend measures for improvement.
  5. To examine the relationship between value chain development program, food security and productivity of rice farmers in Niger state.
  6. To examine the importance of value chain development program to rice farmers in Niger state.

1.4. QUESTIONS

  1. What are the benefits of value chain development program on farmer’s productivity and security?
  2. What is the productivity level of the rice farmers through value chain development program?
  3. What is the economic impact value chain development program on food security and productivity of rice farmers in Niger state?
  4. What are the constraints and opportunities in rice value chain and measures for improvement?
  5. What is the relationship between value chain development program, food security and productivity of rice farmers in Niger state?
  6. What is the importance of value chain development program to rice farmers in Niger state?

1.5 HYPOTHESES

1

H0: There is no significant economic impact of value chain development program on food security and productivity of rice farmers in Niger state.

H1: There is a significant economic impact of value chain development program on food security and productivity of rice farmers in Niger state.

2

H0: There is no significant relationship between value chain development program, food security and productivity of rice farmers in Niger state.

H1: There is a significant relationship between value chain development program, food security and productivity of rice farmers in Niger state

1.6 OF THE STUDY

The study would be of benefit towards providing relevant information to value chain actors that would enhance the competitiveness of the rice value chain. This research tends to bring to the fore the optimum rice enterprise combinations in the study area, as well as the distribution of the gains within the value chain. This would be of immense benefit to the value chain actors, especially the farmers who are resource constrained and lack adequate information on the right production system to adopt in other to optimize profit. The study would also be of immense benefit to students, researchers and scholars who are interested in developing further studies on the subject matter.

1.7. SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The study is restricted to economic impact analysis of value chain development program on food security and productivity of rice farmers in Niger state, Nigeria.

LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

Financial constraint: Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview)

Time constraint: The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

DEFINITION OF TERMS

Smallholder Farmers: Smallholder farmers are often referred to small scale farmers with less access to resources to farm. Small scale farmers are defined as those farmers owning small-based plots of land on which they grow subsistence crops and one or two cash crops relying almost exclusively on family labour. (DAFF, 2012)

 Value Chain: Value chain development describes the full range of activities which are required to bring a product or service from conception, through the different phases of production (involving a combination of physical transformation and the input of various producer services), delivery to final consumers, and final disposal after use. These include activities such as design, production, marketing, distribution, and support services up to the final consumer (and often beyond, when recycling processes are taken into account). (WBCSD,2011).

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