COMMUNICABLE DISEASES IN PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN
THE STUDY'S BACKGROUND
In this age of technological advancement, there is the possibility of rapid knowledge association in all fields of human endeavor. Oredo Local Government's health-care delivery system is being designed to align with the national goal of “health for all.” One way to achieve this goal is to educate primary school students about better health care. This is unquestionably a domain of physical and health education. Primary school health education is designed to teach students about common diseases in our environment and how to prevent them.
Health education can also help to bridge the gap and reduce some of our environmental hazards for the benefit of all citizens. It is well known that children are exposed to a variety of communicable disease hazards; therefore, it is necessary to protect children from these diseases. As a result, the teacher should be deeply concerned about his students' health, well-being, and survival.
Communicable diseases were previously “endemic,” but have now become “sporadic” as a result of this study's increased awareness. The term communicable disease comes from the combination of two words: communicable and disease. A communicable disease is one that can be exchanged, shared, transmitted, or transmitted.
Disease is an unfavorable state of an organism caused by microorganisms as a result of illness, bodily or mental disorder. Infectious diseases are another name for communicable diseases. They are diseases that spread from person to person or from animal to man through personal contact such as air, water, dust, or the use of personal belongings or families.
Chicken pox, measles, cholera, whooping cough, typhoid, tuberculosis, craw-craw, and poliomyelitis are common communicable diseases among primary school students (infant paralysis). The study's goal is to conduct an overview of communicable diseases among primary school students. It is also intended to provide useful advice and suggestions to primary school teachers, in particular, on how to prevent the spread of these communicable diseases among primary school students in Oredo Local Government Area.
This study will conduct an overview of communicable diseases among primary school students in Oredo Local Government Area as a case study. The researcher will do so under the following statement of problems.
a) Are communicable diseases prevalent among primary school students in Oredo Local Government Area?
b) Do students in the Oredo Local Government Area learn in a filthy environment, increasing the spread of communicable diseases among them?
c) Are students and teachers aware of the prevalence of communicable diseases in the local government area's primary schools?
d) Does overcrowding in elementary schools contribute to the spread of communicable diseases among students?
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The following is the goal of this project:
a) To identify communicable diseases prevalent in primary schools in edo State's Oredo Local Government Area.
b) Determine the impact of communicable diseases on students and society as a whole.
c) Describe the various diseases' causes.
d) To eradicate and control diseases among primary school students in Edo State's Oredo Local Government Area.
e) To investigate the nature and extent of communicable diseases.
THE STUDY'S IMPORTANCE
The significance of this research cannot be overstated.
a) The study would also be extremely beneficial to the ministry of health and the government, whose primary health care goals are preventive health and the gradual eradication of these communicable diseases.
b) It will assist teachers and students in becoming aware of the most common communicable diseases in Oredo Local Government primary schools in order to prevent their spread.
c) It assists teachers in preventing a crowded classroom in order to allow for ventilation.
d) It enables teachers to be concerned about their students' health and to know how to treat infected students.
e) It aids in the ongoing training of teachers in disease control.
QUESTIONS FOR RESEARCH
1. What are the most common communicable diseases in your local government area?
2. How can communicable diseases be prevented?
3. Do communicable diseases affect primary school students?
THE STUDY'S OBJECTIVE
The study is solely focused on the effects of common communicable diseases on the educational attainment of primary school students in Edo State's Oredo Local Government Area. Because it is possible to cover all communicable diseases in a short period of time, the study is restricted to the following diseases: measles, ringworm, and cholera.
The following terms were used in this research work; many have different meanings to different people in different fields, but for the purposes of this study, they are all interchangeable. The following are the definitions of these terms.
Communicable diseases are those that can be passed from person to person via water, air, or dust.
Noncommunicable diseases are those that cannot be transmitted through personal contact, water, dust, or air.
Immunity: This is the ability or power that children have to resist infection.
dehydration is the loss of body water and dissolved salts.
Immunization is a type of disease prevention that involves injecting a vaccine or antiserum into the body of an organism to protect it from disease attack.
Vaccination: This is a type of disease prevention that involves the administration of an antigenic vaccine to stimulate an individual's immune system to develop adaptive immunity to a disease.
Lumps are an infectious disease that causes swelling of the neck and cheeks as a result of inflammation of the parotid glands at the junction of the neck and the lower jaws.
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