NIGERIAN FEDERAL system AND THE CLAMOUR FOR RESTRUCTURING: IMPLICATIONS FOR PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Although, federalism has being practiced in Nigeria over the years, the agitation for restructuring to achieve resource control or what some scholars termed “true federalism” including secession is not a new phenomenon in the country's political history. Hence, it is not surprising from recent issues; that there are agitations by certain component units of Nigeria. In fact, it is clear that some parts or indeed all parts of Nigeria are not comfortable and satisfied with the present federal arrangement. Mostly agreed is that the central and the other components of the federation of Nigeria heavily rely on revenue allocation from the federation account with greater percentage coming from the oil revenues (Ojakorotu, 2008). Within the context of the political economy of oil in Nigeria's federation, the question of control as some scholars termed it “resource control” (Babalola, 2016; Madubuike, 2015) is not totally surprising. To put it specifically, Agbu (2004) had earlier maintained that agitation in Nigeria's federal set up has fundamentally manifested itself over the quest for access and control over the political power to federally collect revenue. More disturbingly is that, there has been a failure of governance at all levels of democratic governance structure mostly due to bad leadership and corruption over the years (Abbas, 2013). In fact, most indicators of under development are still present in the country regardless of its varied geo political regions. While the idea of true or fiscal federalism, resource control, and restructuring are aimed at ensuring balanced national development, unity and peaceful co-existence have been debating the big question therefore remains “what is wrong with Nigeria's federal system in view of its current challenges?”Similarly, “can the current agitation calls through restructuring agenda” as pushed by some interest groups address the contemporary political and economic challenges in the country?”
1.3AIMS OF THE STUDY
The major purpose of this study is to examine Nigerian federal system and the clamour for restructuring: implications for peaceful coexistence and national development. Other general objectives of the study are:
1. To examine the nature of the Nigerian federal system.
2. To examine the factors responsible for the consistent call for restructuring in Nigeria.
3. To examine the effect of restructuring on the peaceful coexistence and national development in Nigeria.
4. To examine the challenges of leadership towards achieving good federalism and restructuring.
5. To examine the relationship between restructuring for peaceful coexistence and national development in Nigeria.
6. To examine the best ways and strategies to go about restructuring Nigeria's federalism politically and economically.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1. How is the nature of the Nigerian federal system?
2. What are the factors responsible for the consistent call for restructuring in Nigeria?
3. What are the effect of restructuring on the peaceful coexistence and national development in Nigeria?
4. What are the challenges of leadership towards achieving good federalism and restructuring?
5. What is the relationship between restructuring for peaceful coexistence and national development in Nigeria?
6. What are the best ways and strategies to go about restructuring Nigeria's federalism politically and economically?
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
H0: There is no effect of restructuring on the peaceful coexistence and national development in Nigeria.
H1: There is a significant effect of restructuring on the peaceful coexistence and national development in Nigeria.
H0: There is no significant relationship between restructuring and peaceful coexistence and national development in Nigeria.
H1: There is a significant relationship between restructuring and peaceful coexistence and national development in Nigeria.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The national question has remained an intractable challenge to Nigeria's existence. The debate revolves around the demand for restructuring of the federation and the elaboration of governmental structures in the country. The pattern of restructuring advocated has tended to follow closely the way the national question is framed. Federalism, the governmental framework of the Nigerian state, has been the subject of constant demands for tinkering or fundamental reforms since 1954 when it was first adopted, but these demands have been shaped by the underlying discourse on the national question. Thus this study will help the Nigerian government and students in further research.
1.7SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study is based on the Nigerian federal system and the clamour for restructuring: implications for peaceful coexistence and national development. A case study of River State
1.8 LIMITATION OF STUDY
Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Federalism: Is the mixed or compound mode of government, combining a general government (the central or ‘federal' government) with regional governments (provincial, state, cantonal, territorial or other sub-unit governments) in a single political system. Its distinctive feature, exemplified in the founding example of modern federalism by the United States of America under the Constitution of 1787, is a relationship of parity between the two levels of government established. It can thus be defined as a form of government in which there is a division of powers between two levels of government of equal status.
Political: Relating to government, or the conduct of government, concerned with the making as distinguished from the administration of governmental policy.
Restructuring: Bringing about a drastic or fundamental internal change that alters the relationships between different components or elements of an organization or system.
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