Project Materials




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No matter what college or university you attend, whether it’s in your native country or elsewhere, you will need to complete a capstone project before you can graduate. A final year project is a piece of work that every student in an undergraduate program must do to get their degrees.

In doing so, students hope to showcase the information and abilities they’ve developed over their academic careers.

The purpose of capstone projects is to challenge students’ imaginations by having them create something completely new. Students’ verbal and written communication skills are also strengthened by participation in such projects.

To complete this assignment, you will conduct a scientific inquiry utilizing scientific procedures to determine the answers to certain research questions. You’ll be supervised by faculty members who will have to sign off on your research paper’s subject.

The next step is to present a research proposal to your advisor, who will evaluate it, perhaps accept it, and then give you feedback and direction. It’s important to keep in mind that when you’ve finished your project, it will normally be evaluated by a supervisor from another university.

Each component of your senior capstone project must adhere to predetermined criteria. There are rules you must follow at every stage of the process, from planning to conducting to presenting to handing in your final, printed result. These prerequisites assist senior students to get ready for the real world.

Typically a research project consists of five(5) chapters, the introduction which is chapter one of the research project, The literature review, the research methodology, the data presentation and analysis which is chapter four, and the last chapter which comprises the summary, findings, and recommendation. We will take a brief look into each chapter of a research project.

Chapter One

Your project’s first chapter should serve as an introduction. In this section, you should explain in general terms what the project entails. It gives information about the topic that your research will address. Any interested party can read your introduction and have a good, if not in-depth, grasp of your research project’s purpose and methodology. The body of your paper should expand upon the points you make in the beginning. Here is the format your introduction will normally follow:

The study’s context provides an overview of the research question, the state of knowledge about the topic, and a summary of previous studies that have addressed the same or related questions. In this section, you will lay out exactly what it is that your study aims to fix or enhance.

It ought to logically lead to the research goals by demonstrating what has been done previously and what will be done in this study. The goals of the study, or research objectives, are a brief explanation of the investigation’s intended outcomes. It clearly shows the aims and objectives of the research; both broad and specific.

It also includes the research questions, research hypothesis, meaningful contribution to knowledge, and how it will help others all aspects that can be discussed in the context of a study’s significance, Scope of the study, and lastly a glossary of terminology used in the study, along with a definition of each term in a standard format.

Chapter Two

The second chapter should be your project’s literature review. Researching the available scholarly materials on your chosen research topic is an essential first step in writing your literature review. In your literature review, you should elaborate on what is already known about your issue, highlight key findings, and highlight the major contributions of earlier studies.

This section should demonstrate to the reader that you have read and comprehended the most important books in your field. Be sure to critically evaluate the many arguments, hypotheses, and research methodologies presented in the works of other scholars, rather than just describing them.

Your study goals and objectives should inform the assessment. For your research, you’ll need to assemble a library of relevant books and periodicals and evaluate their usefulness.

Chapter Three

The study’s procedure is outlined in Chapter 3. An important aspect of any research study is the methodology section, which describes how the research was conducted and how the goals were attained. In this section, you will explain the approach you used for your study, the tools you employed, and the sources from which you culled your data.

Information on your research’s structure, population, sampling methods, data collection strategies, data analysis, ethical considerations, etc., can all be found in this section. It should be possible for another researcher to follow your steps and come to the same findings you did. There needs to be enough detail for others to duplicate your findings.

Chapter Four

The presentation and analysis of data are often contained in Chapter 4 of a senior thesis or capstone project (results and discussion). After you’ve done your research and written chapters 1-3, it’s time to evaluate your data, display your results, and talk about what you’ve learned.

Beginning with this section, you should restate the research problem from the introduction. Then, you can answer each study question and report your findings. You should summarize your findings in tables, figures, or some other visual format.

Chapter Five

Titles for this section vary from institution to institution, but commonly include “Summary,” “Conclusions,” and “Recommendations.” Talk it over with your supervisor first. You should have finished all of your research and be drafting your final report at this point in the project.

It would be helpful to begin this section by restating your research’s overarching goal. You should review the first four chapters of your project to refresh your readers’ memories on the overall purpose of your research. You should make conclusions from the results and state what the research found.

You should also explain the scope and depth of your research. You will next make suggestions in light of the results, drawing on the findings, conclusions, and limits you’ve identified. Also included in the recommendations are suggestions for how future scholars might build upon the work done and what other areas of study are similar to those already undertaken.

Remember, Writing chapters one through five of your research project isn’t enough; you’ll also need to include a reference and appendix section in your report.

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