Design of an Indoor Sport Hall for the Physically Disabled and Maximum Utilization
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Indoor sports hall are universally useful spaces designed to accommodate a variety sports. Some of these can take in a suitable games hall, and consequently it will be important to settle on upon the range of games and levels before deciding the floor required area. (Peter Ackroyd 1995). The indoor game hall can be as a solitary ‘stand-alone’ structure with smallest bolster space or as a segment inside a larger structure. This sport building began to spring up during the end of the twentieth century. Earlier examples being basic ‘games outbuildings ‘on school places that gave fundamental climate projection to open spaces playing ground. Others were a section of larger public sport building that were built in the 1970’s. Different developmental project and sport programmer in the 1980’s saw the advancement of standard reduced and design that were economical (Sports hall design and layout February 2012). Indoor sport hall activity can be competitive, sport or for exercise purposes. Most sporting hall are designed in such a way that both national and international sport competition as well as county and club completion can take place in them. In this part the data given about every sport activity will by and large be limited to the required general sizes at the different perceived levels. Some of the sport building are large structure bounded by both dry and wet sport. It is feasible to have a dry or wet or sport complex. (Geraint John 1995). Such that variety of games can be hosted in a multipurpose indoor sporting hall, each of this games have individual court with the appropriate colour marking. However, the utilization of lines minimizes the utilization of space and tend to bring harmony between the different sporting activities.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Kaduna the Kaduna state capital boasts of facilitating numerous sport events be it at local, nationwide, and sometimes worldwide. As a result of this the facilities available which for to host this games are now inadequate while some of them are overstretched. To this end, there is a requirement for construction of new indoor sport hall. According to the World Bank and World Health Organization (W.H.O) persons with physical impairment make up 15% of the world populace with the greater part of them in the third world nations. (World Report on Disability, World Health Organization, 2011). Physical impairment is increasingly being acknowledged as a human rights issue. Without a doubt, individual that make up the disability movement observe disability human rights as the last liberation struggle. The new UN Convention on the privileges of persons with disability was received in January 2007, and numerous nations have passed their own domestic disability law. Probably the comprehensive disability legislation exists in third world nation. On the other hand, making an interpretation of rights on paper into genuine enhancements for the lives of disable people is to a great extent harder. The Nigeria Building Code obviously diagram the fundamental necessity a building ought to have for the building to be accessible by both the physically able and disable It shows up just as these essential necessities have been traded off both the designer who plans building and the engineer of the building. Toward this impact, the physically tested within the general public have thought that it was hard to get to some building in addition to make compelling utilization of the building and should not be so. Each individual irrespective of physical status has the privilege of accessibility into an indoor sport hall implied society. After some moment in time, creators as well as proprietors of indoor sport hall have dismissed this right. Consequently, this project will investigate indoor sport hall and the procurement made by the architects for the physically disabled in the general public will be surveyed.
1.3 AIM AND OBJECTIVE
The aim of this research work will be to assess available indoor sport hall in an attempt to find out the essential facilities set up to help the physically disabled in accessing and the maximum utilization of space in an indoor sport hall of the building.
i. to access the level of accessibility by the physically challenge in existing indoor sport hall;
ii. to highlight likely ways accessibility can be upgraded in existing Indoor Sport hall; and
iii. to propose a design for Indoor Sport hall, that is accessible to the physically challenge person
The physically disabled in the general public are of various groups and their need in a building is dependent on the group they fall under. This research study will concentrate more on mobility impaired spectators and they include;
i. People in wheelchairs who remain in their wheelchairs throughout the match.
ii. People who arrive at the ground in a wheelchair and then transfer to a seat.
iii. People who watch the event from their own special vehicle. Ambulant disabled spectators, who can walk either unaided, with difficulty or only with help.
1.5 JUSTIFICATION OF STUDY
According to a research done by W.H.O, 10 percent of the world populace live with one type of disabilities. It is subsequently fundamental for Indoor sport center to focus on the different need that will make such building readily accessible by the physically challenge. Sport serves as a medium of social association for man since he is a social being who has graving for collaboration with others in exchanging of ideas, thought sharing, express his emotions and to share information around a specific subject. To enhance such kind of relationship the existence of a facility that welcomes both people with or without disabilities is paramount. This research project will give one of such sport building. The project an Indoor sport hall will give an opportunity for people with or without physically disability to interact with each other using sport as a medium.
The security situation in Nigeria specifically in the north, made data gathering during the course of the research difficult and impossible in some cases. In some facility access into the sport hall were strictly for staff members and only except in the event of sporting activity
1.7 CONTRIBUTION TO KNOWLEDGE
This research work will contribute to designer and facility manager knowledge in the range of giving universally acknowledged design guide line standards making Indoor sport hall available to everybody. It will likewise proffer arrangements that will make existing structures more available.
1.8 STUDY AREA
Kaduna State created by the then military head of state, Gen. Murtala Mohammed in 1975, with every single particular identity amalgamated into one state without a choice. The state subsequently is the successor of the old Northern Region of Nigeria, which had its capital at Kaduna which is currently the capital of the state with a population of around 6.3 million individual (Nigeria statistics figure, 2006). Kaduna state consists of twenty-three (23) Local Government Areas. They are: BirninGwari, Chikun, Giwa, Igabi, Ikara, Jaba, Jema’a, Kachia, Kaduna North, Kaduna South, Kagarko, Kajuru, Kaura, Kauru, Kebab, Kudan, Lere, Makarfi, SabonGari, Sanga, Soba, ZangonKataf, Zaria. Kaduna State lies on the 7°.45° East and longitude 10°.20° North. There are 57 ethnic group in Kaduna State. These groups include:
1. Adara (dubbed Kadara), 2. Akurmi (labelled Kurama by the Hausa), 3. Anghan (dubbed Kamanton by the Hausa), 4. Amo, 5. Aruruma (named Ruruma by the Hausa), 6. Atachaat (dubbed Kachechere), 7. Atyab (dubbed Kataf by the Hausa), 8. Atuku,9. Ayu, 10. Bajju, 11. Bakulu (Ikulu by the Hausa), 12. Bhazar (named Koro), 13. Bur (Sanga),14. Binawa, 15. Dingi, 16. Fantswam, 17. Fulfulde (Arrived around 1800s), 18. Gbagyi, 19. Gure, 20. Gwandara, 21. Gwong (Kagoma in Hausa), 22. Ham (dubbed Jaba in Hausa which is a derogatory name), 23. Hausa, 24. Jangi, 25. Kaibi, 26. Kahugu, 27. Kanufi, 28. Kigono, 29. Kinugu, 30. Kitimi, 31. Kiwafa, 32. Kiwollo, 33. Kono, 34. Kuvori (call Surubu), 35. Kuturmi, 36. Lemoro * not sure, 37. Mada (Mardan) Mada must have migrated during colonial rule, 38. Nandu, 39. Nduyah, 40. Numana, 41. Nindem, 42. Ningeshe, 43. Ninkyop, 44. Ninzo, 45. Nyenkpa (Yeskwa), 46. Oegworok, 47. Pikal, 48. Pitti, 49. Ribang, 50. Rishuwa, 51. Rumada, 52. Rumayya, 53. Shemawa, 54. Sholio (Dubbed Marwa), 55. Siyawa (Bauchi state?), 56. Takad, 57.Tarri, and 58. Tsam (Chawai) (Hayab,J.P. 2014 ongoing research).