A BIBLIOGRAPHIC SURVEY ON THE TYPES OF LIBRARIES IN NIGERIA (2004 –2020)
The Roget's thesaurus has classified the following as library-related.
1. The Book Depository
2. The information center
3. The country library
4. The lending library
5. The National Library
Circuit library No. 6
7. The municipal library
8. The public library
9. Specialized library
ten. rental library
11th. Personal library
12th. Learning Center
13th. State Library
LIBRARY: A collection of written, printed, or other graphic or visual material that is organized and maintained for reading, studying, and consultation.
It can also be defined as a collection of books, pamphlets, and so on. Kept for reading and consultation; particularly, such a collection anged to facilitate reference through classification and indexing.
A library can also be defined as a place where books are professionally organized, as well as a source of information and knowledge.
Library is a place where every human went to do their own research and to educate their brains. The primary goal of a library is to provide reading and learning facilities to people of all ages, regardless of age, discipline, or administration. As a result, the library's role has evolved over time. Some definitions are inappropriate for the concept and role of modern libraries.
For this modern definition of library, it is defined as a collection of books and non-books materials housed, organized, and interpreted to meet the diverse information, knowledge, recreation, and cultural enjoyment
needs of people.
LIBRARIES OF MANY TYPES
There are various types of libraries.
1. THE school LIBRARY
2. SCHOOLS' ACADEMIC LIBRARY
3. THE SPECIAL LIBRARY
4. THE PUBLIC LIBRARY
5. PRIMITIVE LIBRARY
SIXTH. MOBILE LIBRARY
LIBRARY AT SCHOOL
A school library is an organized collection of print and non-print materials kept in a school for the use of both students and teachers, but primarily students. This type of library is found in primary and secondary schools, and its collections are geared primarily toward children.
These are libraries that have been established in institutions of higher learning, such as universities, Polytechnic Colleges of education, Colleges of Technology, and other similar institutions. An academic library is established as an integral part of the institution to serve as a conduit for the dissemination of scholarship.
In addition, the society strives to meet the basic information and bibliographic needs of students and lecturers in their general and special intellectual fields.
A special library is a library established by an organization to promote the organization's goals, with collections restricted to the topics covered by the organization.
It is tasked with acquiring, organizing, and disseminating information and knowledge in order to further the parent organization‘s objectives and aspirations.
It is expected to select, obtain, store, retrieve, and disseminate information pertaining to the parent organization's specialty field. Special libraries are distinguished by their users, who are professionally oriented and research-oriented.
A public library is a library established in a town or city that is supported by public funds and is generally open to the public for free. Its collection tends to spout all fields of knowledge, including a good provision for children.
A public library may serve the general public or specific groups of people such as children, members of the armed forces, hospital patients, prisoners, workers, and so on.
Its goal is to help the general public.
These are libraries that are owned and funded by a country's national government and are tasked with the task of acquiring, assembling, and preserving for use material of knowledge previously recorded in whatever form for present and future generations.
The National Library of Canada, The mother library, the apex library, and a peacemaker in library development and services is the mother library of any country.
It is a world-class library and a symbol of the nation's intellectual resources. It is a legal deposit library that publishes the National Bibliography of the country it serves.
It assigns country publishers the International Standard Book Number (ISBN) and International Standard Serial Number (ISSN). It also follows international standards for bibliographic description and disseminates information from one source to another. It promotes libraries throughout the country by organizing conferences and seminars.
LIBRARIES IN private
These are privately owned libraries that are not open to the public.
That can also be used by an individual at home.
LIBRARY ON THE GO
These are movable libraries that can serve the people or public in remote areas where there are no plans to establish a library. They are usually set up in trucks with open space at the back so that its clientele, who are mostly villagers, can easily retrieve the materials of their choice. These libraries usually move from one village to the next.
LIBRARY HISTORY IN NIGERIA
Writing, like many other arts, originated in Africa and Asia's tropical and subtropical regions. The art of writing is thought to have begun around 7,00 years ago in what is now western Pakistan, in the valley of the River in Dus. It was most likely transported from there to Egypt and Samaria The first libraries were established in Samaria (modern Iraq).
Around six thousand years ago, Suppara had a library with over 50,000 clay tablets. At the time, this city had a temple dedicated to the sun – God, a school facing the temple, and libraries in each of the buildings.
During the Second World War, however, reading rooms were set up all over northern Nigeria to serve as public information centers.
Finally, in 1852, a Regional library was established in Kaduna as a Division of the Ministry of Education to assist Native authorities in developing the reading rooms into public libraries, which later became a Division of the Ministry of Information.
LIBRARIES ARE ESSENTIAL
To keep citizens informed: It is impossible to deny that democracy and libraries have a symbolic relationship. Libraries make democracy work by providing citizens with access to information that allows them to make the necessary decisions for themselves.
Also, libraries, particularly public ones, make knowledge and ideas available to all, regardless of age, race, creed, gender, or economic status. Break down barriers. The library removed the barricade that obstructed our visions and abilities for intercommunication, association, and self-education.
Public libraries offer a free family literacy program for people who are illiterate or do not speak English. However, in terms of individual value, the library door is open for independent thinking without prejudgment. The collection in libraries provides access to historical, cultural, and political facts that are required to foster an exploratory spirit.
Finally, one of the most important functions of a library is that it preserves the past. The library preserves records for all humanity's use in the past.
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LIBRARY PROBLEMS IN NIGERIA
Lack of national planning: The federal government has sought expert advice on several occasions regarding the establishment of a national library in Lagos. Lack of support from a vibrant and viable professional body. The Nigeria Library Association appears to have accomplished very little since its inception in 1962.
The lack of appropriate reading materials tailored to people's tastes and commensurate with their level of education contributes to poverty, which impedes library expansion.
Despite poor world standards, it is safe to say that the country's library provision is currently inadequate assuming all other variables remain constant.
resolving THE PROBLEMS
One of the issues impeding Nigerian library development is a lack of planning. The federal government should be able to establish national library headquarters in each state. The problem of Nigerian library development is a lack of support from an energetic and viable professional body.
The government should hire qualified professional librarians who will carry out library routines effectively and simultaneously, as well as motivate librarians to pique the interest of others in the field of librarianship.
However, the problems of institutions of all types of libraries should try as much as possible to provide adequate funds that will be used in purchasing needed reading materials in the library, allowing the library clientele to meet their information needs.
In conclusion A modern is a social institution that anticipates its users' needs and makes adequate provision for their fulfillment in terms of material availability and unrestricted and unrestricted services. As a result, the modern library is a social institution whose mission is to maximize the social utility of documents. Its goal is to put the phrase “Books are for use” into action.
MEANING AND ABBREVIATION
ASSO stands for Association.
BLS stands for Bachelor of Library Science.
CET stands for Central Education Technology.
COMM stands for “Community.”
ed stands for edited.
edu. – The word for education.
IFLA – International Federation of Library Associations
Inform – To provide information
Jour – Journal.
Lib stands for Library.
MLS stands for Master of Library Science.
Nigeria is known as Nig.
NLA stands for National Library Association.
The term pub refers to the general public.
Res stands for research.
SC – Science and Technology
Sch stands for School.
T.V. stands for television.
U.B.E. stands for Universal Basic Education.
A BIBLIOGRAPHIC SURVEY ON THE TYPES OF LIBRARIES IN NIGERIA (2004 –2010)
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